The Age of Mass Politics

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The Age of Mass Politics. 1871-1914. The Long (19 th ) Century. II. Yeats’s Interactions with the 1890s. Fin de siècle ( 世紀末現象 ) French: "end of the century" Generally refers to the years 1880 to 1914 in Europe Connotations: - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of The Age of Mass Politics

The Age of Mass Politics

The Age of Mass Politics1871-1914

The Long (19th) Century2II. Yeatss Interactions with the 1890sFin de sicle ()French: "end of the century" Generally refers to the years 1880 to 1914 in EuropeConnotations: Decadence, typical for the last years of a culturally vibrant period Anticipation about or despair facing the impending change, generally expected when a century or time period draws to a close 3Nation state created a common framework in European politicsPolitical parties dominate politicsIncreased suffrage and literacy in western and central Europe during the late nineteenth century resulted in higher expectation and demands among the people for government to be responsible for their needsMajor ThemesParticipation of the masses in the governing of European NationsVaried among the different European nationsOrdinary people felt increasing loyalty to their governmentsSuffrageWelfare state emerges

The Age of Mass PoliticsMain PointsEra of significant material prosperity and progressSecond Industrial Revolution reinforces faith in materialismMass Society emerges with this broad urban, industrial and economic growthEra of increased democracy and the triumph of liberalismNew ideas of mass politics, propaganda and mass pressEurope saw itself as civilized Material standardsFoodHousingSanitationTransport and communicationValuesScience over superstitionSlaveryThe Zones of Civilization1871-1914Stabilization of the populationGrowth of cities and urban lifeMigration from Europe1871-1914Population Growth in Europe, 1820-1900

New Products, New Markets

Marconis radio (1901); Daimlers internal combustion engine in the first motorcycle (1885)Industrial Regions of Europe by 1914

Organizing the Working ClassGrowing numbers of workers they wanted their voices heard and developed labor unions and political partiesSocialist Parties in GermanyGerman Social Democratic Party (SPD) 1875 most prominent socialist party why in Germany?Liebknecht and Bebel Marxist rhetoricSocialist Parties in FranceVariety of socialist partiesEffects of the growth of socialist parties Belgium, Austria, Hungary, Bulgaria, Poland, Romania and RussiaSocial Structure of Mass Society

The elite, the urban poor and the rural poorThe Middle Class FamilyFamily was a central institutionMen incomeWomen household, socials the more idle the better!Domestic Servants housework/cooking1890 to 1914 higher paying jobs made it possible to live on the husbands wagesLeisure time due to higher wages and reduced work weekHoliday traditionsGender-based activities, toys for childrenThe Working Class FamilyWages improved to allow younger children NOT to work, and even more women were staying at home like middle classConsumer goods sewing machines, stoves, bicycles provided goals to work towardSaturday leisureCompulsory education removed children from factories and put them in schools

Education and LeisureSchoolsGymnasium (Secondary Schools)Secondary (University) for wealthy and later, middle classNeeded compulsory education for informed voting public and national pride!Germany had 1st public education system early 19th centuryBy 1870s more school requirementsImpact on literacyGrowth of publications----- Meeting Notes (1/11/12 12:04) -----period 416Education and LeisureSecond IR decimated village life of past long holidays didnt mesh with industrial paceShorter work days/weeks = more leisure!Machines to do housework = more leisure!Rail travel to resorts and Tourism (Thomas Cook)Music and dance hallsOrganized sportsAmusement Parks

Early Days of Sport

Rugby in Britain; Football (Soccer) in GenoaFerris Wheel Old School

Imperial Motives