Reform, Politics, & the Gilded Age

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Reform, Politics, & the Gilded Age. Reformers. Social Gospel Movement preached salvation thru service to the poor inspired people to build churches in poor communities and convinced some business leaders to treat workers more fairly. Reformers. Settlement-house Movement - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Reform, Politics, & the Gilded Age

  • Reform, Politics, & the Gilded AgeCreated by Katherine Lacks

    Created by Katherine Lacks

  • ReformersSocial Gospel Movementpreached salvation thru service to the poorinspired people to build churches in poor communities and convinced some business leaders to treat workers more fairlyCreated by Katherine Lacks

    Created by Katherine Lacks

  • ReformersSettlement-house Movementcommunity centers in slum neighborhoods that gave assistance and friendship to locals - especially immigrantsran mostly by middle-class, college-educated womenpromote education, culture, and social servicesprovide classes - English, health, crafts, drama, music, etc.sent nurses to homes of sick, injured, etc.Jane Addams - co-founder of Chicago's Hull House - 1889Locust Street Social Settlement - Hampton, VA - 1st one for African AmericansCreated by Katherine Lacks

    Created by Katherine Lacks

  • The Political MachineOrganization (city bosses)organized group that controlled activities of a political party in a cityoffered services to voters and business in exchange for political and financial supportvoters received city jobs, contracts, political appointments in exchange for votesorganized like a pyramidCreated by Katherine Lacks

    Created by Katherine Lacks

  • The Political MachineCity Boss controlled the political party throughout the cityWard Boss worked to gain all precincts support during electionsLocal precinct workers and captains gained voter support on block or in neighborhoodCreated by Katherine Lacks

  • The Political Bosscontrolled 1000s of city jobs (including police, fire, sanitation), business licenses and inspections, influenced courts and agencieshelped solve many urban problems which won loyalty from votersbuilt parks, sewer systems, waterworks, gave money to schools, hospitals, orphanages, etc.Created by Katherine Lacks

    Created by Katherine Lacks

  • The Political Bossmany were 1st or 2nd generation immigrants and had worked their way up from povertyspoke language and could relate to immigrant problemsable to provide solutionshelped immigrants become naturalized, find place to live and get a job in exchange for votesCreated by Katherine Lacks

    Created by Katherine Lacks

  • Corruption was widespread during this era in the government The rapid industrialization led to rapid urbanization and local governments could not keep up with the fast rate of city growthImmigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe had no knowledge of democratic society and were easy prey for city bossesBusinessmen were closely linked with big city bosses making corruption hard to fightCreated by Katherine Lacks

    Created by Katherine Lacks

  • Graft & Scandalfraudulent elections - use names of dogs, kids, deceased as votersgraft - misuse of powerturning in a bill higher than actual cost and "kickback" (illegal payments) go to the machinegranting favors to businesses in return for cashaccepting bribes to allow illegal activitiesCreated by Katherine Lacks

    Created by Katherine Lacks

  • Tweed RingWilliam Marcy Tweed - head of Tammany Hall - NYC's powerful Democratic political machine (1863)pocketed @ $200 million from city in kickbacks (1869-1871)finally broken up in 1871Tweed indicted on 220 counts of fraud and extortion - sentenced to 12 yearsescaped after serving 2 years but recaptured in Spain laterCreated by Katherine Lacks

    Created by Katherine Lacks

  • William Marcy Boss TweedCreated by Katherine Lacks

    Created by Katherine Lacks

  • A novel by Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner which explored political and economic corruption in the U.S. The phrase Gilded Age, commonly given to the era, comes from the title of this book. The term gilded means to be covered with gold. Twain and Warner used it in the novel to refer to a city, which from a distance, looked as if it was made of gold, but instead, was covered in cheap gold paint. This was a symbol of the truth about America, where corporations like the railroad companies told lies about streets made of gold to attract immigrants to work for them.The two major characters, Colonel Beriah Sellers and Senator Abner Dilworthy, are linked together by a government railroad bribery scheme. Twain and Warner depicted an American society that on the surface appeared prosperous and full of opportunities but underneath was corrupt and scandalous. The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today (1873)WarnerTwain Created by Katherine Lacks

    Created by Katherine Lacks

  • Gilded- to make appear more bright and attractiveAn era of slums and palacesCreated by Katherine Lacks

    Created by Katherine Lacks

  • Reasons that the RICH were so rich (and there were few of them) and the POOR were so poor (and there were so many of them)No income taxesNo Government regulations on business (at first)No unions to protect workers & help increase wagesLack of proper education & Child LaborStrong Belief in Social Darwinism (among Rich)Massive graft and corruptionCreated by Katherine Lacks

    Created by Katherine Lacks

  • The Palacesof The GildedAgeCreated by Katherine Lacks

    Created by Katherine Lacks

  • BiltmoreCreated by Katherine Lacks

    Created by Katherine Lacks

  • Built by George Washington Vanderbilt between 1888 & 1895Ashville, NCLargest privately owned home in the US255 rooms; 175,000 sq. ft.

    Created by Katherine Lacks

    Created by Katherine Lacks

  • Created by Katherine Lacks

    Created by Katherine Lacks

  • Created by Katherine Lacks

    Created by Katherine Lacks

  • George Washington VanderbiltCreated by Katherine Lacks

    Created by Katherine Lacks

  • The BreakersNewport, RISummer home of VanderbiltCreated by Katherine Lacks

    Created by Katherine Lacks

  • Hearst CastleSan Simeon, CAWilliam Randolph HearstCreated by Katherine Lacks

    Created by Katherine Lacks

  • Chateau-sur-MerNewport, RIWilliam WetmoreCreated by Katherine Lacks

    Created by Katherine Lacks

  • Marble HouseNewport, RIVanderbilts grandsonCreated by Katherine Lacks

    Created by Katherine Lacks

  • Rose CliffCreated by Katherine Lacks

    Created by Katherine Lacks

  • WhitehallCreated by Katherine Lacks

    Created by Katherine Lacks

  • The wealthy who built the amazing homes were industrial giants and the new ultra rich whos families had succeeded in America beyond belief Created by Katherine Lacks

    Created by Katherine Lacks

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