Gilded age politics

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Gilded Age Politics

Transcript of Gilded age politics

  • 1. Gilded Age Politics

2. Gilded Age Mark Twain coined the termdescribes theexcesses of the late 19th century Political bribes glittering exterior hides corruption & gap b/w richand poor 3. Political Machines Pol. Machine = group that controls theactivities of a political party in a city Offered services to voters & businesses inexchange for political support Controlled: New York, Baltimore, San Francisco, &other cities Worked to elect their candidates 4. Political Machine City Bosscontrolled activities of cityWard Bosses worked to secure vote in all precincts in their ward Precinct Captainstried to gain voters on a city block or neighborhood 5. Political Boss Sometimes served as mayor Controlled access to gov. jobs & businesslicenses Influenced courts Positive role: Built sewer systems; gave money toschools, hospitals, orphanages Helped immigrants w/ naturalization & jobs By solving these problems, they could gain morevotes 6. Graft & Fraud Many political machines used election fraud People used fake names to vote several times Graft = illegal use of political infl. for personalgain Kick backs = when you charge more than necessary for a job (labor) and give the extra money to the political machine Accepted bribes for illegal activity Police rarely interfered 7. Do you think grafts (using political influencefor personal gain) are still a major issue today?Give an example. 8. Boss Tweed Scandal Boss Tweedhead of Tammany Hall in NYC Tweed Ringgroup of corrupt politicians New York City County Courthouseover-charged the city by $10 million His ring kept the money Jailed for this 9. Reforms in Politics Patronagegiving civil service jobs (gov.jobs) to people who had helped the candidateget elected Reforms wanted jobs to go to most qualified 1880Pres. James Garfield elected Appointed people based on qualifications July 2, 1881Garfield assassinated by a man thathad been turned down for a gov. job Pendleton Civil Service Actappoint peoplefor gov. jobs based on merit/qualifications 10. Presidential Curse Between 1840 and 1960, all 8 Presidentselected in a 0 ended year died in office Only one president has ever died in officeoutside this 20 year death cycle Zachary Taylor who was elected in 1848 and died in1850 11. 20 Year Cycle PresidentDied 1800 Jefferson Survived: Died July 4, 1826. 1820 MonroeSurvived: Died July 4, 1831. 1840 Harrison April 4, 1841. Pneumonia. 1860 Lincoln April 15, 1865. Assassinated. 1880 Garfield September 19, 1881. Assassinated. 1900 McKinley September 14, 1901. Assassinated. 1920 Harding August 2, 1923. Food poisoning. 1940 Roosevelt April 12, 1945. Stroke, medical recordsmissing. 1960 Kennedy November 22, 1963. Assassinated. 1980 ReaganMarch 30, 1981. Assassination attempt. Survived: Died June 5, 2004. 2000 G W Bush Survived. 12. Political Machine Web Create an ILLUSTRATED web diagram showing themajor aspects of the Political Machine You need a 5 aspects Draw a picture to represent each aspect Electionfraud POLITICAL MACHINE