7.3 Gilded Age Politics

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7.3 Gilded Age Politics. All that glitters is … gold?. Political Machines. Large cities’ political machines ran like a business (…of corruption) “bosses” made the big decisions Their neighborhood captains would bribe people (especially immigrants) for their votes and support - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of 7.3 Gilded Age Politics

7.3 Gilded Age Politics

7.3 Gilded Age PoliticsAll that glitters is gold?

Political MachinesLarge cities political machines ran like a business (of corruption)bosses made the big decisionsTheir neighborhood captains would bribe people (especially immigrants) for their votes and supportGroceries, gifts (esp. alcohol) would be provided on election day

Political MachinesPolitical Machines werent all badAll immigrants had to do was vote with the machine and they would get food, shelter, etc.Some of the money they acquired would be used to fund parks, sewer systems, and other developments for citiesThomas NastPolitical Cartoonist who built public anger towards big businessmen and corrupt politicians

Civil Service ReformTraditionally, people gained govt. jobs by knowing the guy who was elected (patronage)Q: What effect would that have on govt. workers?Civil service reform suggested giving govt. jobs who scored the highest on a testLet the best job-candidate win!

Civil Service ReformRutherford B Hayes (1877, Repub.) pushed civil service reform to clear out corruptionJames A Garfield (1881, Repub) tried to balance those wanting reform with those wanting patronageHe was assassinated 3 months into office, his VP (Chester A. Arthur) became Pres.

Civil Service ReformArthur continued to push for reform, signed Congresss Pendleton Civil Service Act in 1883To get a govt. job, you needed to score high on the Civil Service test.

Big Business & the Govt.Remember, this is a time of big businesses and the govt. being very closeBusinesses would fund political campaigns, politicians allowed business owners to do what they wantedBusinesses biggest concern was keeping tariffs (taxes on imports) highHigh tariffs meant foreign goods would be expensive (so Buy American!)

Big Business & the Govt.1885 Grover Cleveland (Democ.) became president, wanted to lower the tariff1889 Benjamin Harrison (Repub.) beat Cleveland in a close electionHarrison agreed to raise tariffs even higher (McKinley Tariff Act)1892 Cleveland wins again!1896 ____________ wins and tariffs increase again.