politics and the gilded age

Click here to load reader

  • date post

    28-Mar-2016
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    221
  • download

    4

Embed Size (px)

description

the rise of populism and unionism during the gilded age

Transcript of politics and the gilded age

  • END OF RECONSTRUCTION1877 HAYES V. TILDENQUID PRO QUO

    RECONSTRUCTION

  • POLITICAL SCENEDECLINE OF PRESIDENTIAL POWERPRESIDENCY CONTROLLED BY REPUBLICANSCharges of CorruptionG.O.P.

  • Transparency 17

  • CorruptionPolitical MachinesGraft

  • Grant & Credit Moblier

  • William Tweed and Political Bosses

  • Tweed was the leader of Tammany Hall in NYCServices and support (welfare)Graft and corruption

  • Muckraker Thomas Nast

  • Thomas Nast used political cartoons to do what the law could not.

  • Bring Tweed Down

  • THE G.O.P.SUPPORT HIGH TARIFFBACK BIG BUSINESSIMPERIALISMCORRUPTION RAMPANTTHE BLOODY SHIRTBland-Allison Act (silver)

  • HAYES - GARFIELD - ARTHUR - CLEVELAND - WHO ?THE FORGETTABLE PRESIDENTSGARFIELD ASSASSINATED

  • CIVIL SERVICE REFORM DEMOCRATSPENDLETON ACT 1883Dawes ActICC (RR)

  • MAJOR ISSUESREFORMIMMIGRATIONTARIFFMILITARY PENSIONSJIM CROW LAWSCIVIL SERVICEPOLITICAL MACHINES

  • The American Farmer

  • Plight of The FarmerFalling % of the PopulationDeep Economic problems ignored by Gov`t.

  • Life on the FarmMechanizationTenant farmersSharecroppersThe WeatherdroughtFarm Life is dreary

  • Transparency 3

  • Overproductionwheat falls from$2:00 a bushel to 78 centsless $ in circulationfalling incomes and rising expensesblame placed on grain elevators

  • The GrangeOliver KellyMunn v. Ill.Granger CasesI.C.C. control Pooling & Rebates

  • The Silver IssueCrime of 73 demonetization of silver (govt. stopped coining silver).Bland-Allison Act (1878) limited silver coinage to $2-$4 mil. per mo. Sherman Silver Purchase Act (1890)The US Treasury must purchase $4.5 mil. oz. of silver a month.Govt. deposited most silver in the US Treasury rather than circulation.

  • Price Indexes for Consumer & Farm Products: 1865-1913

  • Founder of the National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry (1867)

  • THE RISE OF ORGANIZED LABOR

  • A NEW AMERICAN PIONEER THE WAGE EARNERWHAT PROBLEMS DID THEY FACE ?

  • 1842 COMMONWEALTH v. HUNT1866 NATIONAL LABOR UNION ( WILLIAM SYLVIS )1869 THE KNIGHTS OF LABOR ( STEVENS & POWDERLY )1886 THE AMERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR ( SAM GOMPERS )MAY 4TH 1886 HAYMARKET RIOT

  • National Labor Union 1866

  • Knights of LaborEveryone WelcomeTerrence Powderly

  • Haymarket Square Bombing

  • How did Industry try to stop Unions ?Lock out Blacklists Yellow Dog contract Private GuardsCourt Injunctions

  • GOV`T & INDUSTRIAL SUPRESSION OF THE UNIONS1870 300,000 MEMBERS1930 3,300,000 MEMBERS

  • WOMEN & AFRICAN - AMERICANS IN THE UNIONSNOT ALLOWED

  • TERMINOLOGYSCABSBOYCOTTLOCKOUTBLACKLISTSTRIKEBREAKERSCLOSED-SHOP

  • Eugene V. Debs

  • Transparency 10

  • Cheap $$$Bland-Allison ActSherman Silver Purchase Actnever usedFavor Big Business

  • Populist Party FoundedPlatform1) Gov`t owned R.R. 2) Income Tax 3) Secret Ballot 4) Direct election of Senators1882Less Corn MORE HELL

  • What was the Populist Party ?

  • United We Stand, Divided We FallIn 1889 both the Northern and Southern Alliances merged into onethe Farmers Alliance.

  • Omaha Platform of 1892System of sub-treasuries.Abolition of the National Bank.Direct election of Senators.Govt. ownership of RRs, telephone & telegraph companies.Government-operated postal savings banks.Restriction of undesirable immigration.8-hour work day for government employees.Abolition of the Pinkerton detective agency.Australian secret ballot.Re-monitization of silver.A single term for President & Vice President.

  • Govt.-Owned Companies

  • Bi-Metallism Issue

  • Here Lies Prosperity

  • Depression of 1893Coxey`s ArmyJ.P.Morgan lends Gold to the Gov`t.When you`rethis uglyyou betterhave $$$

  • Transparency 18

  • Gold / Silver Bug Campaign Pins

  • William Jennings Bryan (1860-1925)The Great Commoner

  • Bryants Cross of Gold SpeechYou shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns; you shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold!

  • Bryan: The Farmers Friend (The Mint Ratio)18,000 miles of campaign whistle stops.

  • Democratic Party Taken Over by the Agrarian Left Platform tariff reductions; income tax; stricter control of the trusts (esp. RRs); free silver.

  • Mark Hanna: The Front-Porch Campaign

  • A Giant Straddle: Suggestion for a McKinley Political Poster

  • The Seasoned Politicianvs.The Young Newcomer(hot coffee)

  • Into Which Box Will the Voter of 96 Place His Ballot?

  • Campaign Rhetoric

  • Election of 1896 Bryan v. McKinley

    end of populist party

  • Why Did Bryan Loose?His focus on silver undermined efforts to build bridges to urban voters.He did not form alliances with other groups.McKinleys campaign was well- organized and highly funded.

  • Gold Triumphs Over Silver1900 Gold Standard Actconfirmed the nations commitment to the gold standard.A victory for the forces of conservatism.

  • The Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum

  • What Are the Metaphors?Dorothy ?Kansas ?Wicked Witch of the East ?Tin Woodsman ?Scarecrow ?Cowardly Lion ?Yellow Brick Road ?Silver Slippers ?Emerald City ?Oz ?The Wizard ?Munchkins ?Wicked Witch of the West ?Flying Monkeys ?

  • Heyday of Western Populism

    ******************************