Respirator Regulations

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Respirator Regulations. NIOSH 42 CFR Part 84 OSHA 29 CFR 1910.134. NIOSH 42 CFR Part 84. What is NIOSH 42 CFR Part 84? Current certification criteria for all non-powered particulate air-purifying filters. Classifies filters based on efficiency and resistance to the effects of oil aerosols - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Respirator Regulations

  • Respirator RegulationsNIOSH 42 CFR Part 84 OSHA 29 CFR 1910.134

  • NIOSH 42 CFR Part 84What is NIOSH 42 CFR Part 84?Current certification criteria for all non-powered particulate air-purifying filters. Classifies filters based on efficiency and resistance to the effects of oil aerosols Replaces MSHA 30 CFR Part 11 which classified respirators by the contaminant type

  • NIOSH 42 CFR Part 84Classification under 30 CFR 11 Single-use dust/mistDust/mistDust/mist/fumeRadon daughterPesticide pre-filtersPaint spray pre-filtersClassification under 42 CFR 84 Filter efficiencies95%99%99.97% (100%)Filter degradationN (Not resistant to oil)R (Resistant to oil)P (Oil Proof)

  • NIOSH 42 CFR Part 84Filters can be selected without regard to particle size Selected filter efficiency depends solely on how much filter leakage is acceptable Selection of N, R, or P series filters depends on the presence or absence of oil particulate and length of use

  • NIOSH 42 CFR Part 84What Do I Need to Do?Reassess selection elements of respirator programidentify contaminants with respect to oil contentevaluate workplace applications Educate employees Revise written program


  • OSHA Respiratory Protection StandardPublished January 8, 1998 Applies to General Industry, Shipyards, Marine Terminals, Longshoring, and Construction Does not apply to agriculture or TB

  • OSHA Respiratory Protection StandardParagraph Titles(a) Permissible Practice(b) Definitions(c ) Respiratory Protection Program(d) Selection of Respirators(e) Medical Evaluation(f) Fit Testing(g) Use of Respirators(h) Maintenance and Care of Respirators(i) Breathing Air Quality and Use(j) Identification of Filters, Cartridges, and Canisters(k) Training and information(l) Program Evaluation(m) Recordkeeping(n) Dates

  • OSHA Respiratory Protection Standard(a) Permissible Practice Engineering Controls Respirators required when necessary to protect the health of the employee Needs AssessmentIs there a need for respirators?Do I need a program?

  • OSHA Respiratory Protection Standard(b) Definitions (c) Respiratory Protection Program Written program w/ worksite specific procedures for required use Must designate a qualified program administrator

  • OSHA Respiratory Protection Standard(c) Respiratory Protection ProgramProgram must include (as applicable):Selection proceduresMedical EvaluationsFit testing procedures for tight-fitting resp.Proper use procedures - routine & emergency (paragraph g)Procedures and schedules for resp. maintenanceHazards Training - routine & emergency Respirator TrainingProgram evaluation procedures

  • OSHA Respiratory Protection Standard( c ) Respiratory Protection Program (cont) Major ChangesRequired use v VoluntaryVoluntary UseMedical clearanceInspection / cleaning / storageAppendix DException for filtering facepiece (dust mask)

  • OSHA Respiratory Protection Standard(d) SelectionNIOSH certifiedrespiratory hazards, relevant workplace and user factorsreasonable estimate of exposure and chemical state, physical formIDLHNon-IDLH Gas & Vapor ProtectionAtm.-supplying or ESLI or change schedule (major change)Particulates

  • OSHA Respiratory Protection Standard(e) Medical Evaluation Required before fit-testing Physician or Licensed health care professional Medical questionnaire

  • OSHA Respiratory Protection StandardSubsequent examinations :Employee input / request

    PLHCP, supervisor, or program administrator Fit testing and program evaluation Workplace changes that may increase burden Do not have to be annual

  • OSHA Respiratory Protection Standard(f) Fit-TestingRequired v Voluntary Use Qualitative or Quantitative Negative and Positive Pressure Resp. Annually (or more often)

  • OSHA Respiratory Protection Standard(g) Use of Respirators Face-to-facepiece sealUser seal checkContinuing respirator effectivenessIDLH areas Interior structural firefighting

  • OSHA Respiratory Protection Standard(h) Maintenance and care of respirators Cleaning and DisinfectingAppendix B-2 or mfg. recommendationsFrequencyIndividual useShared respiratorsEmergency useFit testing

  • OSHA Respiratory Protection Standard(h) Maintenance and care of respirators StorageProtect from damage, contamination, dust sunlight, extreme temperatures, excessive moisture, and damaging chemicalsPrevent deformation of the facepiece and exhalation valve Emergency respirators

  • OSHA Respiratory Protection Standard(h) Maintenance and care of respirators InspectionRoutine use - before use and during cleaning Emergency use - at least monthly according to mfg. recommendations, and before and after each use (certified and tagged) Emergency escape-only - before being carried into work area

  • OSHA Respiratory Protection Standard(h) Maintenance and care of respirators RepairsBad respirators removed from service and discarded or repairedPerformed by appropriately trained personsAccording to mfg. recommendationsReducing and admission valves, regulators, and alarms repaired by mfg. or mfg. trained technician

  • OSHA Respiratory Protection Standard(i) Breathing air qualityOxygen - U.S.P.Compressed air (Grade D)Cylinder requirementsCompressor requirementsAir line couplings must be incompatible with outlets for non-respirable air or other gas systems

  • OSHA Respiratory Protection Standard(j) Identification of filters, cartridges, and canisters Labeled and color coded with NIOSH approval label

  • OSHA Respiratory Protection Standard(k) Training and InformationAnnually or more often if necessaryWhat:Why respirator is necessary and effects of poor fit, usage, or maintenanceLimitations and capabilities of respiratorEmergency use and malfunction situationsHow to inspect, put on and take off, use, and check sealsRecognition of medical signs and symptoms that may limit or prevent use General requirements of OSHA standard

  • OSHA Respiratory Protection Standard(l) Program evaluation Workplace evaluations as necessaryConsult employees on program effectivenessRespirator fitAppropriate selectionProper useProper maintenance

  • OSHA Respiratory Protection Standard(m) Recordkeeping Medical evaluations - 29 CFR 1910.1020Fit testingWritten program

  • OSHA Respiratory Protection Standard(n) Dates

  • OSHA Respiratory Protection Standard(o) Appendices Mandatory AppendicesAppendix A - Fit test proceduresAppendix B-1 - User seal check proceduresAppendix B-2 - Cleaning ProceduresAppendix C - Medical Questionnaire Non-Mandatory AppendixAppendix D - Information for voluntary use

  • Respiratory Protection ProgramDO I NEED A PROGRAM?Locate helpful informationpast exposure assessment records PPE assessments conduct walk-through looking for respiratorsnote the operations where usedwhat type(s) are being used reference existing programsconfined spaces, substance specific, etc..

  • Respiratory Protection ProgramDO I NEED A PROGRAM? Perform exposure assessmentsabove PEL, TLV, or other limitsirritants, sensitizers, etc.. Are engineering controls possible? Will other controls reduce exposures?

  • Respiratory Protection ProgramPUTTING A PROGRAM TOGETHERIf respirators needed, determine:who will be responsible for administrationwho will issue respiratorswho will provide trainingwho will perform fit testingwho will inspect emergency respiratorswho will perform repairswho will perform medical evaluations (LHCP)

  • Respiratory Protection ProgramPUTTING A PROGRAM TOGETHEREstablish applicable work-site specific procedures for:Selectionmedical evaluationsfit-testingproper use (routine and emergency use)inspection, cleaning, storage, and maintenancebreathing air quality and quantity for air-suppliedtrainingprogram evaluation