INTERACTIVE MOBILE APPLICATION interactive mobile application...

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  • INTERACTIVE MOBILE APPLICATION

    “CHEM-IS-EASY”

    MAZLILAH BINTI MOHAMAD SUBADI

    BACHELOR OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

    (INFORMATICS MEDIA) WITH HONORS

    UNIVERSITI SULTAN ZAINAL ABIDIN

    2019

  • INTERACTIVE MOBILE APPLICATION

    “CHEM-IS-EASY”

    MAZLILAH BINTI MOHAMAD SUBADI

    BACHELOR OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

    (INFORMATICS MEDIA) WITH HONORS

    FACULTY OF INFORMATICS AND COMPUTING

    UNIVERSITI SULTAN ZAINAL ABIDIN

    2019

  • i

    APPROVAL

    This project report entitled Learning Chemistry for Periodic Table using Mobile

    Application was prepared and submitted by Mazlilah binti Mohamad Subadi, matric

    number BTDL16043248 and in my point of view, this project fulfils a condition to be

    awarded a Degree of Bachelor of Information Technology (Media Informatics) with Honor

    in Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA).

    Signature : …………………………

    Supervisor : Puan Rohana binti Ismail

    Date :

  • ii

    DECLARATION

    I hereby declare that this project is based on my own effort with helps getting information

    sources that I have confessing. All section of the texts and results which have been obtained

    from other people or sources are fully references. I understand that are cheating and

    plagiarism constitute a breach of university regulations and will be dealt with accordingly.

    Signature : ………………………………...

    Name : Mazlilah binti Mohamad Subadi

    Matric Number : BTDL16043248

    Date :

  • iii

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

    Assalamualaikum,

    I am using this opportunity to express my greatest gratitude to everyone who had

    supported me throughout my final year project, Learning Chemistry for Periodic Table

    using Mobile Application. I am thankful for their aspiring guidance, invaluable constructive

    criticism and friendly advice during the project work. I am sincerely grateful to them for

    truthful and illuminating views on a number of issues related to the project.

    Firstly, I express my thanks to Puan Rohana binti Ismail as my supervisor for

    guidance, monitoring and constant encouragement throughout the course of this final year

    project. Appreciation is also given to all lecturers under the Faculty of Informatics and

    Computing especially to lecturers under the Multimedia Department for giving me

    constructive and encouraging criticisms in completing this final year project.

    Not forget to appreciate my beloved parents and family for their moral support and

    material assistance that they have given to me for completing this project to the end. I would

    like to thanks all my friends and classmates for their valuable comments and suggestions

    on this project which give me inspiration to improve this project.

    Lastly, I would like to thank to all the people for their help directly or indirectly to

    complete this project. Hopefully that all my works and efforts gets blessings from Allah

    and can give benefits to all in the future.

    Thank you,

    Mazlilah binti Mohamad Subadi.

  • iv

    ABSTRACT

    Mobile technology is increasingly prevalent in higher education. Chemistry-related

    software applications on touchscreen computers are emerging as a popular platform in

    many areas, including in the chemistry classroom. In this work, a new courseware-based

    application designed for hand-held and portable touch-controlled devices is presented. This

    final year project introduce Chem-is-Easy, an interactive learning application developed to

    support students in learning about the Periodic Table. Periodic Table is a tabular

    arrangement of the elements according to their atomic numbers so that elements with

    similar chemical properties are in the same column, and is one of the fundamental topics

    when learning Chemistry. The topic is often challenging to students as there are many

    elements there in the Periodic Table and numerous equations of elements reaction

    formation need to be identified and understood. Further, most students have constrained

    access to school chemistry laboratories thus limiting their opportunities to conduct practical

    experiments beneficial to their learning. Chem-is-Easy allows students to conduct lab

    experiments that simulates elements reaction via its lab anywhere and at any time. Students

    also can enhance their understanding about the topics by answering the questions provided

    at the games. With the interesting video, audio, graphics and animations provided, it will

    make the students more interested and not boring.

  • v

    ABSTRAK

    Teknologi mudah alih semakin berleluasa dalam pendidikan tinggi. Aplikasi perisian yang

    berkaitan dengan kimia pada komputer skrin sentuh muncul sebagai platform yang popular

    di banyak bidang, termasuk dalam kelas kimia. Dalam karya ini, aplikasi berasaskan

    perisian direka bentuk untuk peranti tangan yang dikendalikan dan peranti sentuhan

    mudah alih dibentangkan. Projek tahun akhir ini memperkenalkan Chem-is-Easy, sebuah

    aplikasi pembelajaran interaktif yang dibangunkan untuk menyokong pelajar dalam

    pembelajaran tentang Jadual Berkala. Jadual berkala adalah susunan unsur-unsur

    mengikut nombor atomnya supaya elemen-elemen yang mempunyai sifat kimia yang serupa

    berada dalam lajur yang sama, dan merupakan salah satu topik asas apabila mempelajari

    Kimia. Topik ini sering mencabar kepada pelajar kerana terdapat banyak elemen di dalam

    Jadual Berkala dan banyak persamaan pembentukan reaksi unsur perlu dikenalpasti dan

    difahami. Selanjutnya, kebanyakan pelajar telah terhalang atas beberapa faktor ke makmal

    kimia sekolah sehingga membatasi peluang mereka untuk menjalankan eksperimen

    praktikal yang bermanfaat untuk pembelajaran mereka. Chem-is-Easy membolehkan

    pelajar menjalankan eksperimen makmal yang menyerupai tindak balas unsur melalui

    makmalnya di mana sahaja dan pada bila-bila masa. Pelajar juga boleh meningkatkan

    pemahaman mereka mengenai topik dengan menjawab soalan-soalan yang disediakan di

    dalam permainan. Dengan video, audio, grafik dan animasi yang menarik, ia akan

    menjadikan pelajar lebih berminat dan tidak membosankan.

  • vi

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    PAGE

    APROVAL i

    DECLARATION ii

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT iii

    ABSTRACT iv

    ABSTRAK v

    TABLE OF CONTENTS vi

    LIST OF TABLES x

    LIST OF FIGURES xi

    LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS xiv

    CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

    1.1 Project Background 1

    1.2 Problem Statement 3

    1.3 Objectives 3

    1.4 Project Scopes 4

    1.5 Limitation of Works 4

    1.6 Expected Outcome 5

    CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW

    2.1 Introduction 6

    2.2 Mobile Application 7

    2.3 Chemistry Subject 7

    2.4 Existing Applications 8

    2.2.1 Periodic Table 2019 8

    2.2.2 Periodic Table 2018 Chemistry In Your Pocket 9

    2.2.3 Chirality-2: Development of a Multilevel Mobile

    Gaming App To Support the Teaching of

    Introductory Undergraduate-Level Organic

    Chemistry

    10

    2.2.4 Chairs!: A Mobile Game for Organic Chemistry

    Students To Learn the Ring Flip of Cyclohexane

    11

  • vii

    2.2.5 Salt Hero: An Interactive Application for

    Learning Salt in Chemistry

    13

    2.5 Propose Application 14

    2.6 Comparison between Journal and Mobile Applications 15

    2.7 Conclusion 17

    CHAPTER 3 METHODOLOGY AND DESIGN

    3.1 Introduction 18

    3.2 Research Paradigm and Justification 19

    3.2.1 Phase 1 : Analysis 21

    3.2.2 Phase 2 : Design 21

    3.2.3 Phase 3 : Development 22

    3.2.4 Phase 4 : Implementation 22

    3.2.5 Phase 5 : Evaluation 22

    3.3 System Requirements 23

    3.3.1 Software Requirements 23

    3.3.2 Hardware Requirements 24

    3.4 Navigation Structure 25

    3.5 Process Design 26

    3.5.1 Framework 26

    3.6 Database Design 27

    3.6.1 Entity Relationship Diagram (ERD) 27

    3.7 Interface Design 28

    3.7.1 Homepage Design 28

    3.7.2 Input Form Design 29

    3.7.3 Periodic Table Page Design 31

    3.7.4 Lecture Notes Page Design 33

    3.7.5 Lecture Videos Page Design 35

    3.7.6 Lab Page Design 37

    3.7.7 Games Page Design 39

    3.7.8 Championship Page Design 41

  • viii

    3.8 Conclusion 42

    CHAPTER 4 SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION

    4.1 Introduction 43

    4.2 Screen Input Output Report 44

    4.2.1 Splash Screen 44

    4.2.2 Application Main Menu 45

    4.2.3 User Registration 46

    4.2.4 User Login 47

    4.2.5 Application Homepage 48

    4.2.6 Periodic T