Alexander the Great - .•Alexander the Great spread Greek culture ... Hellenistic...

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Transcript of Alexander the Great - .•Alexander the Great spread Greek culture ... Hellenistic...

  • E. Napp

    Alexander the Great

    In this lesson, students will identify the

    contributions of Alexander the Great to world

    history.

    Students will be able to identify and/or

    define the following terms:

    Alexander the Great

    Macedonia

    Hellenism

  • E. Napp

    Greeces neighbor

    to the north is

    Macedonia.

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    Philip II

    Philip II was a king of Macedonia. In 338

    B.C., he conquered the Greek city-states.

    After his successful conquest of the

    Greeks, he planned to conquer Persia.

    However, he died before he could realize

    his plan.

  • E. Napp

    This ancient coin bears the image of

    Philip II of Macedonia.

  • E. Napp

    Alexander the Great

    After the death of Philip II, his son,

    Alexander, set out to conquer the world.

    Alexander quickly conquered Asia Minor,

    Egypt, and Babylon. By 330 B.C., he

    defeated all of the Persian armies.

    Alexander moved his army all the way to

    the Indus River.

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    Alexander the Great conquered a vast

    empire.

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    A Tired Army

    The Indus River was the end of the known

    world for his soldiers.

    In 323 B.C., Alexander developed a fever

    in Babylon. He died within a few days.

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    Alexander the Great was only 32 when

    he died. For 13 years, he had ruled

    a vast empire.

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    After the death of Alexander

    Alexanders empire fell apart after his death.

    His three generals divided the empire into three kingdoms-Macedon, Egypt, and Syria.

    These kingdoms often fought each other but they were united by their common Greek culture.

  • E. Napp

    After the death of Alexander the Great,

    his vast empire was divided among his

    generals.

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    Hellenism

    Alexander the Great spread Greek culture throughout his empire.

    He created Hellenistic Culture.

    Hellenistic Culture is a blend of Egyptian, Greek, Persian, and Indian cultures.

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    Hellenism is a Greek like culture.

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    Hellenistic Culture

    Hellenistic culture shaped the

    Mediterranean world for nearly 300 years.

    However, Alexanders dream of creating

    an enduring empire with one government

    did not come true.

    After Alexanders death, the Romans

    eventually realized this dream

  • E. Napp

    Alexander the Great

    spread Greek

    culture throughout

    the Mediterranean

    world.

  • E. Napp

    Questions for Reflection:

    Where is Macedonia located?

    List two accomplishments of Alexander the

    Great.

    Why did Alexanders soldiers want to

    return home after invading the Indus River

    Valley?

    What happened to Alexanders empire

    after his death? Why did this happen?

    Define Hellenism.