Share My Lesson: Greek Culture 1 of 3: Intro to Alexander the Great

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1. 21st Century Lessons Greek Culture 1 (of 3): Intro to Alexander the Great Primary Lesson Designer: Nathan Taylor 1 2. Access 300,000+ free lesson plans like this one on Share My Lesson, developed by the American Federation of Teachers and TES Global: sharemylesson.com. 2 3. 3 This project is funded by the American Federation of Teachers. 4. 4 *1st Time Users of 21st Century Lesson: Click HERE for a detailed description of our project. 21st Century Lessons Teacher Preparation Spend AT LEAST 30 minutes studying the Lesson Overview, Teacher Notes on each slide, and accompanying worksheets. Set up your projector and test this PowerPoint file to make sure all animations, media, etc. work properly. Please do the following as you prepare to deliver this lesson: Feel free to customize this file to match the language and routines in your classroom. 5. 5 Lesson Objective Lesson Description Lesson Overview (1 of 3) SWBAT define cultural diffusion and explain how cultures spread. This lesson enables students to develop definitions of culture and cultural diffusion through reading passages, reflective questions, and whole-group instruction. A definition for culture is difficult for students to comprehend, so this lesson purposefully scaffolds instruction to allow students to define culture, then cultural diffusion. Following this lesson, students will apply their understanding of cultural diffusion to the life of Alexander. The homework assignment accompanying this lesson provides a timeline and key events in the life of Phillip II of Macedon. This assignment will set up the following lesson on Alexander. 6. 6 Lesson Vocabulary Materials Computer, LCD projector, PowerPoint Presentation, Student Handouts (printed on 8.5x11 paper) Scaffolding A. Modify classwork and homework worksheets and expectations. B. Have students work in heterogeneous pairs, allowing stronger readers to support weaker readers. C. Give additional time for classwork or homework for struggling students. They can work on these assignments in a group, with a partner, teacher , or learning specialist. D. Annotate text for struggling students. Enrichment 1. Students could identify and describe examples of cultural diffusion in their own lives. 2. Students could research the influence of Greek culture in the United States and prepare an oral report, podcast, or PowerPoint. Online Resources for Absent Students Lesson Overview (2 of 3) Culture- Culture is a collection of artifacts and elements that define the way of life for different groups of people Cultural diffusion- Cultural diffusion is the way in which cultural elements move from one group of people to another. http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/greeks http://www.ancientgreece.co.uk/knowledge/explore/exp_set.html http://www.pbs.org/empires/thegreeks/timeline/index_html.html 7. 7 Lesson Overview (3 of 3) Common Core State Standard Reading 7: Integrate visual information (e.g., in charts, graphs, photographs, videos, or maps) with other information in print and digital texts. Massachusetts Social Studies Frameworks: 6.31 Describe the rise of Alexander the Great and the spread of Greek culture. Before and After Before: Students should have an understanding of Greek government and the daily lives of some Greek city-states, especially Athens and Sparta. Students should have a broad understanding of the Peloponnesian Wars and should have a vague understanding of culture. After: After the lesson, students will connect cultural diffusion with the life of Alexander the Great, recognizing Alexander as a key figure in the spread of Greek culture to other parts of the world. Topic Background Understanding the impact of Greek culture is of great importance to the western world. Learning how cultures spread impacts students understanding of how people and governments affect one anothers culture. 8. Warm Up OBJECTIVE: SWBAT define cultural diffusion and explain how cultures spread. Agenda 8 The images at left are examples of culture. What comes to mind when you hear the word culture? You have three minutes to list as many examples of culture as possible on your student handouts. You may use the images at left or create your own. When you finish, place your examples into groups. Hint: One possible example is head scarf. The group would be clothing. Hint: One possible example is head scarf. The group would be clothing. 9. Warm Up OBJECTIVE: SWBAT define cultural diffusion and explain how cultures spread. 9 TURN AND TALK: What is culture? Work with your partner to create your own definition of culture. We will discuss as a class in two minutes. Discussion: What is your definition of culture?Discussion: What is your definition of culture? Agenda 10. 1) Warm Up: List and sort cultural terms. (independent) 2) Launch: Culture defined. (whole class & partner) 3) Explore: Passing the culture test. (whole class & partner) 4) Launch: Cultural diff what? (independent) 5) Explore: Taking cultural diffusion to the next level. (independent) 6) Assessment: A case study in cultural diffusion. (independent) 10 OBJECTIVE: SWBAT define cultural diffusion and explain how cultures spread. Agenda: 11. Launch: What is culture? Agenda 11 Culture is a collection of artifacts and elements that define the way of life for different groups of people. There are 3 important characteristics of culture! We will learn each of these in todays lesson. There are 3 important characteristics of culture! We will learn each of these in todays lesson. 12. Explore: Characteristic #1 12 Culture can be defined for any sized group. EXAMPLE: The architecture of the ancient Greeks is a great example of Greek culture. GROUP SIZE: An entire civilization! EXAMPLE: Brian, Ashley, and Juan have a secret handshake. This handshake is an example of culture, it defines how they greet each other. GROUP SIZE: 3 friends. Agenda 13. Explore: Characteristic #1 13 Culture can be defined for any sized group. Write-Pair-Share: On page 3, work with a partner to list different groups that could have their own culture. You have 60 seconds to list as many groups as possible! When the timer finishes, turn and compare your answers with your partner, adding their answers to your list. Write-Pair-Share: On page 3, work with a partner to list different groups that could have their own culture. You have 60 seconds to list as many groups as possible! When the timer finishes, turn and compare your answers with your partner, adding their answers to your list. Agenda 14. Explore: Characteristic #2 14 Examples of culture can be called artifacts or elements. Artifacts: An artifact of culture is an example that you can touch. Artifacts: An artifact of culture is an example that you can touch. Elements: An element of culture is also an example of culture. Elements can be things that you can touch, or ideas, emotions, or other things that you cannot touch. Elements: An element of culture is also an example of culture. Elements can be things that you can touch, or ideas, emotions, or other things that you cannot touch. Agenda 15. Elements vs. Artifacts Agenda 15 Cultural elements Parts of culture you can touch OR cant touch. Cultural artifacts Parts of culture you can touch. PARTNER CHALLENGE: Place the following cultural artifacts and elements in the Venn diagram on your student handout. Clothing Religion Architecture Government Food Technology Santa Claus Rap Music Fireworks Birthday Party PARTNER CHALLENGE: Place the following cultural artifacts and elements in the Venn diagram on your student handout. Clothing Religion Architecture Government Food Technology Santa Claus Rap Music Fireworks Birthday Party Clothing Architecture Food Technology Fireworks Example: XboxReligion Government Santa Claus Rap Music Birthday Party Challenge Question: Is it possible to have a cultural artifact that is not a cultural element? Challenge Question: Is it possible to have a cultural artifact that is not a cultural element? 16. Explore: Characteristic #3 16 If something is an example of culture, it must answer a simple question: Stand Up | Sit Down: Decide if each image is an example of culture. If it is an example of culture, stand up. If it is not an example of culture, sit down. Be prepared to defend your answer! Culture Test Question: Does this artifact or element define how people live or used to live? Culture Test Question: Does this artifact or element define how people live or used to live? Agenda 17. Explore: Characteristic #3 17 Stand Up | Sit Down: Decide if each image is an example of culture. If it is an example of culture, stand up. If it is not an example of culture, sit down. Answer: This XBOX is a cultural artifact.Answer: This XBOX is a cultural artifact. Challenge Question: How do we know that an XBOX is an example of culture? Challenge Question: How do we know that an XBOX is an example of culture? Agenda 18. Explore: Characteristic #3 18 Stand Up | Sit Down: Decide if each image is an example of culture. If it is an example of culture, stand up. If it is not an example of culture, sit down. Answer: This artwork is a cultural artifact.Answer: This artwork is a cultural artifact. Challenge Question: How do we know this is an example of culture? Challenge Question: How do we know this is an example of culture? Agenda 19. Explore: Characteristic #3 19 Stand Up | Sit Down: Decide if each image is an example of culture. If it is an example of culture, stand up. If it is not an example of culture, sit down. ANSWER: An exit sign is NOT a cultural artifact! ANSWER: An exit sign is NOT a cultural artifact! Challenge Question: Why isnt an exit sign a cultural artifact? Challenge Question: Why isnt an exit sign a cultural artifact? Agenda 20. Explore: Characteristic #3 20 Stand Up | Sit Down: Decide if each image is an example of culture. If it is an example of culture, stand up. If it is not an example of cult