Where australians live

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  • 1. Where Australians Live Location, Climate, & Natural Resources in Australia

2. Location Of Australia

  • Both a continent & a country
  • Lies about 2,000 miles southeast of Asia
  • In the southern hemisphere
    • Literally the land down under!

3. 4. Location

  • Coastal areas are the most populated
  • Most people live along east coast
  • Most populated city is Sydney, in New South Wales
  • Another populated city: Brisbane, Queensland

5. 6. Location

  • Nearly 80% of Australians live in urban areas
    • Australia is one of the worlds most urbanized countries
  • 70% of all Australians live in cities of more than 100,000 people
    • Sydney has 3 and a 1/2 million people
    • Melbourne has about 3 million people

7. 8. Climate of Australia

  • Varies across the continent
  • Its south of the equator, so climate is opposite North America:
    • Summer: December through March
    • Winter: June through September

9. 10. Climate: North Australia

  • Northern part of Australia is closest to the equator
  • Tropical climate and is warm-to-hot all year round
    • Gets more rain than any other part of the country
  • Winter: wet and cool
  • Summer: hot and dry

11. Climate: Central Australia

  • Desert is the largest part of Australia
  • Little rain falls here
    • Most of this area gets less than 10 inches of rain per year!

12. Climate: Coasts

  • Only the southeast and southwest corners have a temperate climate
    • Summers arent too hot & winters arent too cold (similar to Georgia)
  • Climate in these regions is the one that Australians prefer the most
    • Most Australians live along southeastern coast

13. 14. Natural Resources of Australia

  • Outbackrefers to the dry interior
    • Mainly open countryside, including vast expanses of grazing land
  • Few widely scattered settlements in the Outback
    • Many of them grew up around mining operations

15. 16. Natural Resources: Mining

  • Australians mine for coal, iron ore, copper, tin, gold, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, mineral sands, zinc, oil, and natural gas
    • Lead the world in the production of diamonds, lead, & bauxite (used to make aluminum)!

17. Natural Resources: Mining

  • Minerals are often found in areas that are difficult to reach
    • Roads are expensive to build, but they are needed to get workers & equipment to remote locations
    • Expensive equipment is needed to move minerals to populated cities to trade

18. 19. Natural Resources:Arable Land

  • Land that is good for farming
  • Enough areas with good land and rainfall to make farming an important business in Australia
    • Farmers here produce more than Australians can consume, so the food is traded and sold around the world

20. 21. Questions to Consider:

  • Where do most Australians live?
  • What important business is done in the outback?
  • Why do most Australians live in southeastern Australia?

22. Postcard Directions:

  • Front : Illustration of your favorite Australian destination (must be colorful!)
  • Back : Write a greeting to one of your friends that describes Australia. Be sure to include:
      • Location
      • Climate
      • Land
      • Resources