Seia report urirama may 2012

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Seia Urirama may 2012 revision version 8 wind turbines Aruba Alto Vista

Transcript of Seia report urirama may 2012

  • DRAFT

    74101509-PGR 12-7312 Social and Environmental Impact Assessment for Urirama Wind Farm, Aruba

    Arnhem, May 8, 2012

    By order of Vader Piet Beheer NV

    KEMA Nederland B.V. Utrechtseweg 310, 6812 AR Arnhem P.O. Box 9035, 6800 ET Arnhem The Netherlands T +31 26 3 56 91 11 F +31 26 3 89 24 77 contact@kema.com www.kema.com Registered Arnhem 09080262

  • KEMA Nederland B.V., Arnhem, the Netherlands. All rights reserved. It is prohibited to change any and all versions of this document in any manner whatsoever, including but not limited todividing it into parts. In case of a conflict between the electronic version (e.g. PDF file) and the original paper versionprovided by KEMA, the latter will prevail. KEMA Nederland B.V. and/or its associated companies disclaim liability for any direct, indirect, consequential orincidental damages that may result from the use of the information or data, or from the inability to use the information ordata contained in this document. The contents of this report may only be transmitted to third parties in its entirety and provided with the copyright notice,prohibition to change, electronic versions validity notice and disclaimer.

  • -3- 74101509-PGR 12-1738 CONTENTS page

    CONTENTS .............................................................................................................................. 3

    1 Summary ................................................................................................................ 7

    2 Introduction ............................................................................................................. 92.1 History of the Project .............................................................................................. 92.2 Equator Principles ................................................................................................... 92.3 Objective ............................................................................................................... 102.4 Directions for Reading .......................................................................................... 10

    3 Project approach ................................................................................................... 123.1 General ................................................................................................................. 123.2 Equator Principles: Project Categorization ........................................................... 123.3 Community Consultations ..................................................................................... 123.4 Consultation with Government Services ............................................................... 133.5 Consultations with NGOs ...................................................................................... 13

    4 Project description ................................................................................................ 144.1 Location of Urirama Wind Farm ............................................................................ 144.2 Turbine Type ......................................................................................................... 164.2.1 Specifications ........................................................................................................ 174.2.2 Construction .......................................................................................................... 174.2.3 Grid Connection .................................................................................................... 184.2.4 Wind Farm Monitoring and Control ....................................................................... 184.3 Layout of Wind farm .............................................................................................. 194.4 Operation of Wind Farm ....................................................................................... 204.5 Expected Energy Gain .......................................................................................... 214.6 Construction of the Wind Farm ............................................................................. 214.6.1 Site preparation at each turbine location .............................................................. 224.6.2 Construction of Foundations ................................................................................. 244.6.3 Transport of the turbine parts to the site ............................................................... 254.6.4 Assembling the Wind Turbines ............................................................................. 274.6.5 Grid connection ..................................................................................................... 29

    5 Relevant laws and regulations .............................................................................. 315.1 State and Legislative system Aruba ..................................................................... 31

  • 74101509-PGR 12-7312 -4- 5.2 Local legislation for the protection of the Environment and Natural Resources ... 315.3 Legislation for Spatial Planning ............................................................................ 335.4 IFC Environmental, Health and Safety guidelines ................................................ 365.4.1 Environmental, Health, and Safety (EHS) General Guidelines ............................. 365.4.2 EHS Guidelines for Wind Turbines ....................................................................... 375.5 Required Permits .................................................................................................. 38

    6 Baseline situation .................................................................................................. 396.1 Social situation ...................................................................................................... 396.2 Electricity production Aruba .................................................................................. 406.3 Landscape ............................................................................................................ 426.4 Flora ...................................................................................................................... 436.5 Fauna in general ................................................................................................... 446.6 Surface Water ....................................................................................................... 446.7 Soil and Groundwater ........................................................................................... 446.8 Background noise ................................................................................................. 456.9 Cultural and Historical Elements ........................................................................... 46

    7 Social and economic impacts ............................................................................... 477.1 Impacts Caused by Construction Activities ........................................................... 477.2 Saving Fuels ......................................................................................................... 487.3 Electricity Rates .................................................................................................... 487.4 Employment .......................................................................................................... 487.5 Impacts on Air Traffic ............................................................................................ 487.6 Impacts on Telecommunication Systems ............................................................. 497.7 Overview of Social Impacts .................................................................................. 49

    8 Impact on nature ................................................................................................... 508.1 Impacts on Flora ................................................................................................... 50Impacts Caused by Construction of Wind Farm ..................................................................... 50Impacts Caused by Operation of New Wind Farm ................................................................. 518.2 Impacts on Birds ................................................................................................... 518.3 Impacts on Bats .................................................................................................... 548.4 Impacts on other fauna elements ......................................................................... 558.5 Overview Impacts on Nature ................................................................................ 55

    9 Environmental impacts ......................................................................................... 569.1 Impacts on the Landscape .................................................................................... 569.1.1 Impacts Caused by Construction Activities ........................................................... 56

  • -5- 74101509-PGR 12-1738 9.1.2 Impacts Caused by Operation of Wind Farm ........................................................ 569.2 Impacts on Surface Water .................................................................................... 599.3 Impacts on Soil and Groundwater ........................................................................ 599.4 Effects on Climate Change ................................................................................... 599.5 Impacts on Ambient Air Quality ............................................................................ 609.5.1 Impacts Caused by Construction of Wind Farm ................................................... 609.5.2 Impacts Caused by Operation of Wind Farm ....................