ISTC Spring 2015 Class 3

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ISTC: Plagiarism and APA StyleLaksamee Putnam Research & Instruction Librarian

Slides: http://bit.ly/istc201sp2015c3 Please login to a computer and go to this URLFirstLaksamee Putnamlputnam@towson.eduCook Library Reference:410.704.2462.IM/emailPhone: 410.704.3746.Twitter: @CookLibraryofTUAlbert S. Cook facebook profileSlides: http://bit.ly/istc201sp2015c3 AgendaClass discussion

APA citation style

APA worksheet

Slides: http://bit.ly/istc201sp2015c3 Its out there, why not reuse it?

Image by Duane Hoffmann www.msnbc.msn.com/id/32657885 Plagiarism: Maybe its not so bad (2013) On the media podcast. http://wny.cc/1dNVisf

Godin, S. (2014) Why I want you to steal my ideas. ideas.ted.com Retrieved from http://ideas.ted.com/2014/02/03/the-big-mistake-we-all-make-about-ideas/ Kenneth Goldsmith suggests that music and art are built on plagiarism, and now the internet is making that possible for text. What do you think of his philosophy and the implications of patch writing?

What makes some plagiarism wrong or right?There is so much information out there. You can find anything on the internet and its not attributed to anyone.

Ask the students to first write down then discuss their thoughts on the quote and plagiarism. Why dont people seem to think its that bad to copy someone? What about downloading music? How does this relate to math? 4Pre-class citationCite this article: http://bit.ly/RYQ2Nz

Kinlaw, C.R., Dunlap, L.L., & DAngelo, J.A. (2012). Relations between faculty use of online academic resources and student class attendance. Computers & Education, 59(2), 167-172. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2011.12.028 APA StyleCitations

APA StyleReferences

Style ManualsDifferent disciplines use different style manuals

Social Sciences = American Psychological Association (APA)

Humanities = MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (MLA)

The point isAcknowledge where you found the informationBriefly identify the sourceAllows others to find additional informationWhat needs to be cited?BooksWeb PagesMagazine articlesGraphicsVHS,DVD, audio, etc.Government reportsStatisticsEncyclopedia articlesAny source of information!

What needs to be cited?Direct quotesIdeas borrowedParaphrased materialIn-text Citation needs:Direct QuoteAll authors last namesYear of publicationPage number

ParaphraseAll authors last namesYear of publicationDirect Quote: In-text citationObesity was once considered either a moral failing or evidence of underlying psychopathology (Yanovski and Yanovski, 2002, p. 592).

A relationship is defined as the interdependence between two or more people (Coombs, 2001, p.106).

Direct Quote: In-text citationLonger than 40 words?Indented five spaces from left margin in block format

Usually it is better to paraphrase The wrong way to paraphrase:Failure to Cite SourceOriginal They desire, for example, virtue and the absence of vice, no less really than pleasure and the absence of pain.Source: Mill, John Stuart. Utilitarianism. On Liberty and Other Essays. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. Quote is from page 169.Paraphrase People want morality just as much as they want happiness.The wrong way to paraphrase:Lack of Significant RewordingOriginalTo the young American architects who made the pilgrimage, the most dazzling figure of all was Walter Gropius, founder of the Bauhaus School.Source: Wolfe, Tom. From Bauhaus to Our House. New York: Farrar Straus Giroux, 1981. Quote is from page 10.

ParaphraseTo young American architects who went to Germany, the most dazzling figure was Walter Gropius, founder of the Bauhaus School (Wolfe, 1981).Paraphrase: In-text citationOriginalAmerica today has veered too far in the direction of formal testing without adequate consideration of the costs and limitations of an exclusive emphasis on that approach.ParaphraseIn the United States, the education system places too much emphasis on formal testing, overlooking the limitations and expenses imposed when that assessment strategy is employed exclusively (Gardner, 1993).Paraphrase: In-text citationOriginalThe Republican Convention of 1860 is sometimes seen as a symbol of Whig triumph within the party. A closer look, however, indicates that the Whigs triumph within the party was of a very tentative nature.ParaphraseContrary to many historians, Eric Foner (1995)argues that the Republican platform of 1860 should not be understood as an indication of Whig dominance of the party.In-text CitationsMore than one authorTwo authorsGreenfield and Savage (1990)(Greenfield & Savage, 1990, p. 567)Three to five authorsYou must first identify all of the authors either in the signal phrase or the first citation.Terrace, Petitto, Sanders, and Bever (1979) believed(Terrace, Petitto, Sanders, & Bever, 1979)After you have identified all, you may use et al.Terrace et al. (1979) stated(Terrace et al., 1979)Six or more authorsUse first authors last name and then et al.

In-text CitationsOrganization as authorGovernment or other organizationUse organization name as author in signal phraseUse organization in parenthetical citation

The National Institute of Mental Health (2001)(National Institute of Mental Health, 2001)Special casesIf you have more than one author with the same last name, use the first initial in the citation(Smith, A., 2002)If you have more than one work in the same year by the same author, use letters a, b, c, etc. to indicate correct source(Entman, 2004a)ReferencesThe in-text citation must match up with the references entry

Use the heading References at the top of a new page

List entries alphabetically Authors last name (if no author, then by organization name or title)

Double space each entry

No extra spaces between entries

If over one line, entry should have a hanging indent

References - WebsiteCreate a reference for this website

Author or sponsoring organization:

Last update or Copyright date?:

Title of page:

Format if applicable:

Retrieved from:

References - WebsiteCreate a reference for this website

Author or sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Health & Human Services

Last update or Copyright date?: (n.d.).

Title of page: What is cyberbullying.

Format if applicable:

Retrieved from http://www.stopbullying.gov/cyberbullying/what-is-it/index.html

Website exampleU.S. Department of Health & Human Services. (n.d.). What is cyberbullying. Retrieved from http://www.stopbullying.gov/cyberbullying/what-is-it/index.html

Notes: If you cant find a date n.d. is inserted as an abbreviation for No DateFormat is inserted between [brackets] and can be used for [Video file] [Brochure] etc.Date retrieved is only required if content is likely to changeReferences BooksCreate a reference for this book

Book authors or editors: Last nameFirst letter of first name and middle initial

Date of publication:

Book Title:

Publication information: City and statePublisher

References BooksCreate a reference for this book

Book authors or editors: Grant, J.

Date of publication: (1994).

Book Title: I hate school!: Some common sense answers for educators & parents who want to know why & what to do about it

Publication information: Rosemont, NJ: Modern Learning Press.

Book ExampleGrant, J. (1994). I hate school!: Some common sense answers for educators & parents who want to know why & what to do about it. Rosemont, NJ: Modern Learning Press.

Notes:Periods must follow first letter of authors name and middle initial, publication date, book title, and publisher.Book title is always in italics.Only capitalize the first letter of book title, any letter following a colon (:), and proper nouns.References JournalsCreate a reference for this journal article

Article author: Last nameFirst letter of first name and middle initial

Date of publication:

Article title:

Periodical title:

Publication information: Volume number and issue number (if available)Page numbers

Digital Object Identifier number:

References JournalsCreate a reference for this journal article

Article author: Peleg, R., & Baram-Tsabari, A.

Date of publication: (2011).

Article title: Atom surprise: Using theatre in primary science education.

Periodical title: Journal of Science Education & Technology,

Publication information: 20(5), 508-524.

Digital Object Identifier number: doi:10.1007/s10956-011-9299-yx

Journal ExamplePeleg, R., & Baram-Tsabari, A. (2011). Atom surprise: Using theatre in primary science education. Journal of Science Education & Technology, 20(5), 508-524. doi:10.1007/s10956-011-9299-y

Notes:Periods must follow first letter of authors first and middle initial, publication date, article title, and publication information.A comma will follow the authors last name, first initial (if more than one author), journal title and volume number.Article title is never italicized always written normal.Always italicize: journal title, volume number, and the commas before and after volume number. Journal title follows capitol case lettering.Only capitalize the first letter of article title, any letter following a colon (:), and proper nouns. Place a space between author first name and middle initial

Journal Articles Extra InfoArticles retrieved from a database such as EBSCO or PsycINFO do not need to include database information

Articles not including a doi number should contain the journal URL after the page numbers such as Retrieved from http://js.sagamorepub.com/pe

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