Hasil Kebudayaan Manusia Purba

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Transcript of Hasil Kebudayaan Manusia Purba

Judan Syamsul Hadad (15)

Tujuan PembelajaranMenganalisis hasil kebudayaan manusia purba di Indonesia. Mengidentifikasi periodisasi perkembangan budaya pada masyarakat prasejarah di Indonesia.

Standar KompetensiMemahami perbedaan hasil kebudayaan di Indonesia.

Stone Age

Prehistorical Age Bronze Age Iron Age

Stone AgeStone Age is a broad prehistoric period, lasting about 2.5 million years. In this age, stone is widely used as the basic material for making tools. Wood, bone, shell, antler, and other materials were widely used as well. In 1859, Jens Jacob Worsaae divided Stone Age into three parts.

Stone Age

Paleolithic

Mesolithic

Neolithic

Megalithic

PaleolithicPaleolithic also know as Palaeolithic, the name was derived from palaios which means old and lithos which means stone. In this age, humans started to develop tools from stone, bone, and wood even though the tools were roughly made. Also, Homo erectus live in this time of age.

Pacitan Culture Paleolithic Ngandong Culture

Pacitan CultureThe handmade tools from Pacitan Culture are axes and flakes. The tools were also found in the surrounding area such as Sukabumi (West Java), Tambangsawah (Bengkulu), Lahat (South Sumatera), Kalianda (Lampung), Awang Bangkal (South Borneo), Cabenge (South Sulawesi), Sembiran, and many more.

Ngandong CultureThe stone tools were also found in Ngandong and the surrounding area, as well as in Sangriran (Central Java) and Cabenge (South Sulawesi). The tools are handheld axe, flakes, and stone stiletto.

MesolithicThis era started from the end of the ice age. Around 6.000 10.000 years ago. In this age, they still used tools from Paleolithic. The special characteristic of this age was the leftover of shell (Kjokkenmoddinger) which stated, that they lived in the coast. Based on the location, the culture was divided into three.

Mesolithic

Pabble Culture

Bone Culture

Flake Culture

NeolithicNeolithic, also known as The New Stone Age, was characterized from the adaptation of agriculture. Neolithic peoples were capable of manufacturing a range of tools necessary for the tending, harvesting and processing of crops (such as sickle blades and grinding stones) and food production (pottery, bone implements). There were two cultures in this age. SquareShaped Axe Culture RoundShaped Axe Culture

Neolithic

Square-Shaped Axe CultureThis axe was found in Sumatera, Java, Bali, Sulawesi, Maluku, and Borneo. The archeologist thought that this axe was a symbol for a ritual.

Round-Shaped Axe CultureRound-Shaped Axe is an axe which in the tip of the axe was sharp. The big ones name was Walzenbeil. And the small ones name was Kleinbeil. Most of the axes were found in Papua.

MegalithicActually, Megalithic was a part of Neolithic. This age occurred until the beginning of Bronze Age. In this age, the monumental buildings were more advanced than in Neolithic.

Megalithic

Menhir

Sarcophagus

Dolmen

Grave Stone Coffin

Punden Berundak

MenhirWas a large monument made of stone. The core of Menhir was roughly made. Menhir can be found in South Sumatera, Central Sulawesi, and Borneo.

SarcophagusWas a stone shaped like a mortar. Most of the sarcophagus can be found in Bali.

DolmenWas a large stone that was made to look like table. Dolmen can be found in Bondowoso (East Java).

Grave Stone CoffinWas a building shaped like a coffin with four pillars. They can be found in Sumatera and Kuningan (West Java).

Punden BerundakWas a building of worship with a multilevel structure.

Bronze AgeBronze Age of any culture is the period during which the most advanced metalworking (at least in systematic and widespread use) in that culture uses bronze. This could either be based on the local smelting of copper and tin from ores, or trading for bronze from production areas elsewhere.

Iron AgeIron Age is the period in any area during which cutting tools and weapons were mainly made of iron or steel. The adoption of this material coincided with other changes in society, including differing agricultural practices, religious beliefs and artistic styles. The Iron Age is the last principal period in the three-age system for classifying ancient societies.

ConclusionEach era had its own characteristic. In Indonesia, the archeologist thought that there were only 2 great ages, stone age and bronze age. Because there wasnt so many difference between the tools from bronze age and iron age.