Emotion Unit Overview ï± Theories of Emotion Theories of Emotion ï± Embodied...

download Emotion Unit Overview ï± Theories of Emotion Theories of Emotion ï± Embodied Emotion Embodied Emotion ï± Expressed Emotion Expressed Emotion ï± Experienced

of 92

  • date post

    27-Dec-2015
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    240
  • download

    11

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Emotion Unit Overview ï± Theories of Emotion Theories of Emotion ï± Embodied...

  • EmotionUnit OverviewTheories of EmotionEmbodied EmotionExpressed EmotionExperienced EmotionStress and HealthClick on the any of the above hyperlinks to go to that section in the presentation.**Mollin

    Mollin

  • Theories of Emotion**Mollin

    Mollin

  • Theories of emotions

    EmotionPhysiological arousalExpressive behaviorConscious experienceCommon sense theory**Mollin

    Mollin

  • Theories of emotions

    James-Lange theory**Mollin

    Mollin

  • Theories of emotions

    James-Lange theory**Mollin

    Mollin

  • Theories of emotions

    James-Lange theory**Mollin

    Mollin

  • Theories of emotions

    Cannon-Bard theory**Mollin

    Mollin

  • Theories of emotions

    Cannon-Bard theory**Mollin

    Mollin

  • Theories of emotions

    Two-factor theory Also knows as Schachter-Singer Theory**Mollin

    Mollin

  • Theories of emotions

    Two-factor theorySchachter-Singer**Mollin

    Mollin

  • Theories of emotions

    Two-factor theorySchachter-Singer**Mollin

    Mollin

  • Lets try this outYou are camping and enjoying a nice picnic lunch. All of a sudden a bison jumps out of the woods and begins chasing you. Attack caught on tape- 1 minLets review and write out what would happen in the following theories

    **Mollin

    James Lang Theory-

    Cannon Bard Theory-

    Two Factor Theory-

    Mollin

  • Emotions and the Autonomic Nervous SystemAutonomic nervous systemSympathetic nervous systemarousingParasympathetic nervous systemCalmingModerate arousal is ideal**Mollin

    Mollin

  • Emotions and the Autonomic Nervous System**Mollin

    Mollin

  • Emotions and the Autonomic Nervous System**Mollin

    Mollin

  • Emotions and the Autonomic Nervous System**Mollin

    Mollin

  • Physiological Similarities Among Specific EmotionsDifferent movie experimentFour rooms with four different movies- From control center the subjects perspiration, heart rate, and breathing were measuredMovie 1- horror filmMovie 2- anger provoking filmMovie 3- film that evokes sexual arousalMovie 4- boring film**Mollin

    Mollin

  • What did this study show us?Very little difference in the physiological response your body has to such different emotional and cognitive responses from the different film. (Except the boring film)

    **Mollin

    Mollin

  • Physiological Differences Among Specific EmotionsDifferences in brain activityAmygdala- higher activity when experiencing fearFrontal lobes- more active when experiencing a positive moodNucleus accumbens- in left frontal lobe. A neural pathway the increases dopamine levels. Electrical stimulation in depressed patients has shown increased smiles, laughter, and giddy euphoria

    **Mollin

    Mollin

  • Are you lying? Polygraph- a machine, commonly used in attempts to detect lies, that measure several of the physiological responses accompanying emotion (such as perspiration and cardiovascular and breathing changes).

    **Mollin

    Mollin

  • Dont call me a liar..Polygraphs are not very valid if you think about itOur physiological arousal is much the same from one emotion to anotherMany innocent people have been falsely accused because their emotions were heightened when they took the polygraphMany rape victims fail lie detectors when telling the truth about their assailants*Mollin*

    Mollin

  • Does it ever work?No spy has never been detected by the FBI or CIA even though both agencies spend million of dollars a year testing their own employeesThe guilty knowledge test works- a person is shown photos or given certain information specific to a crime scene while on the lie detector test. This does show change in physiological response and can be effective.*Mollin*

    Mollin

  • Cognition and EmotionCognition Can Define EmotionSpill over effect- emotions can spill over from one event to another. Think about the level of emotion from a major sports victory to a riot.Schachter-Singer experiment- with adrenaline shotsArousal fuels emotions, cognition channels it

    **Mollin

    Mollin

  • Detecting Emotion

    Nonverbal cues are usually enough for most of us to detect an emotion but we can often be tricked if one does not pay close attention to small detailsLifting the inner part of your eyebrow, which is hard to consciously do reveals worry . Eyebrows raised and pulled together signal fearLets try something out..**Mollin

    Mollin

  • Which smile is real and which one is fake?*Mollin*

    Mollin

  • The smile on the right is real

    *Mollin*

    Mollin

  • Gender, Emotion, and Nonverbal Behavior.. Which person is a male or a female?**Mollin

    Mollin

  • The faces are gender neutralBut. People were more likely to view the face on the left as male because it looks more angry

    *Mollin*

    Mollin

  • So what does this mean?Your gender interprets how you view others emotionIt is normal to want to empathize with people to interpret their emotions and that empathy is based on your own gender and biases*Mollin*

    Mollin

  • Here is an exampleThe following chart comes from a study that measured how many facial expressions a viewer displayed by watching different films.As you will see it shows that women show their emotions more easily and guys are harder to read

    *Mollin*

    Mollin

  • See for yourself*Mollin*

    Mollin

  • Culture and Emotional Expression: Are nonverbal expressions of emotions universally understood?The meaning of gestures varies with cultureMany of our facial expression displays rules and are evident throughout culturesLets take a look at the next slide and see how we do

    *Mollin*

    Mollin

  • From left to right, top to bottom: happiness, surprise, fear, sadness, anger, disgust*Mollin*

    Mollin

  • How does the culture effect how one displays emotion?Cultures that encourage individuality like U.S display visible emotionsIn Chinese cultures, which encourage people to adjust to others, personal emotions are much less visibly displayed*Mollin*

    Mollin

  • Lets see how well we do when interpreting others facial expressions and emotionsFacial Expression TestReading Faces TestI will now pause this clip and want to see if we can come up with a consensus on what each of you think the emotion isWhat would you do Clip*Mollin*

    Mollin

  • Levels of Analysis for the Study of Emotion **Mollin

    Mollin

  • Levels of Analysis for the Study of Emotion **Mollin

    Mollin

  • Levels of Analysis for the Study of Emotion **Mollin

    Mollin

  • Levels of Analysis for the Study of Emotion **Mollin

    Mollin

  • The Effects of Facial Expressions

    Facial feedback**Mollin

    Mollin

  • Some more examples of the effects of facial feedbackOne study used Botox injections to paralyze the frowning muscles of 10 depressed patients. Two months later, 9 out of 10 non frowning patients were no longer depressed. This study needs more replication to be validated*Mollin*

    Mollin

  • The psychology of fear*Mollin*

    Mollin

  • What is the function of fear?Fear is adaptive. Its an alarm system that prepares our body to flee from danger man texts into a bearFear can bind groups togetherFear helps us focus on a problem and rehearse coping strategies

    *Mollin*

    Mollin

  • How is fear learned?Observational Learning is a major factorThe Amygdala- Nerves running out of from these knots of neural tissue, one on either side of the brains center, carry messages that control heart rate, sweating, stress hormones and attention that rev up in threatening situations

    *Mollin*

    Mollin

  • Amygdala and FearRabbits learn to react with fear to a tone that precedes an impending small shock unless their Amygdala is damaged.Rats that have their Amygdala deactivated show no fear learningHumans with damage to the Amygdala can sometimes not even experience fear!Amygdala and Fear Clips- 7 min (safari) *Mollin*

    Mollin

  • Do Something That Scares YouWhat is the best way to overcome your fears?Do Something That Scares You ArticleWhat are your thoughts on the article? What is one quote that stood out to you?*Mollin*

    Mollin

  • Conquering your fearSmash Fear- Ask Ted- 16 minConsiderHow hard is it to overcome your own fears?Why?While watching the film please record and create a top five advice from overcoming your fear from what you learned from the clip.*Mollin*

    Mollin

  • Anger*Mollin*

    Mollin

  • Anger

    Evoked by events, often times the anger is worst the event that caused" itCatharsisExpressing anger can increase angerCan lead to heart disease

    **Mollin

    Mollin

  • Happiness

    HappinessFeel-good, do-good phenomenonWell-being**Mollin

    Mollin

  • HappinessThe Short Life of Emotional Ups and DownsWatsons studies**Mollin

    Mollin

  • HappinessWealth and Well-Being**Mollin

    Mollin

  • HappinessWealth and Well-Being**Mollin

    Mollin

  • HappinessTwo Psychological Phenomena: Adaptation and ComparisonHappiness and Prior ExperienceAdaptation-level phenomenonHappiness and others attainmentsRelative deprivationThink of upward comparisonWould be better if we used downward comparison**Mollin

    Mollin

  • Lets look at some researchEuropean 8-12 year olds with cerebral palsy experience normal psychological well beingStudies show it takes about five week