Cell Structure & Functions

download Cell Structure & Functions

of 30

  • date post

    03-Feb-2016
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    19
  • download

    1

Embed Size (px)

description

EDS Notes for CSS

Transcript of Cell Structure & Functions

  • nucleus

    DNA

    cell membrane

    vacuole

    cell wall

    nucleolus

    mitochondrion

    endoplasmic reticulum

    chloroplast

    ribosomes

    lysosome

    ribosomes

    cell membranenucleolus

    endoplasmic reticulum

    mitochondrion

    cytoplasm

    vacuole

    nucleus

    Golgi complexDNA

    Plant Cell

    Animal Cell

  • Animal Cell

  • Plant Cell

  • A. CELL THEORY

    1) All living things are made of one or more cells.

    2) Cells are the basic unit of structure and function in living things.

    3) Living cells come only from other living cells.

  • C) ANIMAL VS. PLANT CELLS:

    Large

    No Cell wallSmall VacuolesNo Chloroplasts

    Cell wallLarge VacuolesChloroplasts

  • 1) ORGANELLES: tiny organs in the cell.

    2) CYTOPLASM: fluid filling inside the cell membrane. makes up the majority of cells mass.

    D) SOME CELL TERMS & STRUCTURES:

  • Organelles

    Cytoplasm

  • 3) CELL MEMBRANE

    controls movement of materials into and out of the cell

    holds cell together

    Cell membrane

    Animal Cell

  • found in plant cells not animal cells provides strength and support for plant

    cells. made of cellulose (long chains of sugar

    molecules)

    4) CELL WALL

  • Cell wall

    Cell membrane

    Plant Cell

  • 1) Nucleus:

    the control center of the cell

    stores DNA

    (a) nucleolus - dark spot inside the nucleus, which makes ribosomes.

    E) ORGANELLES OF CELLS:

  • (b) nuclear membrane - controls movement of materials in and out of nucleus.

    (c) DNA - stores information for making proteins

  • Nucleus

    DNANucleolus

    Animal Cell

    Nuclear membrane

  • 2) RIBOSOME tiny grain like

    particles usually found along the E.R.

    proteins are made here Ribosome Proteins

    Amino acids

  • 3) Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER): makes lipids

    the delivery system of the cell for compounds such as proteins through its tubular connections.

  • Endoplasmicreticulum

    Endoplasmicreticulum

    Ribosomes

    Animal Cell

  • 4) Mitochondria:

    the Power House of the cell

    releases energy packets of ATP for use in the cell.

    Mitochondria Outer membrane

    Inner membrane

    chloroplast

  • Mitochondria

  • 5) Chloroplast:

    Solar Panels for capturing energy

    they use energy from sunlight to make food in plant cells (i.e. glucose).

    Outer membrane

    Inner membrane

    Chloroplast

  • Cellmembrane

    Mitochondria

    Chloroplast

    Vacuole

    Plant Cell

  • Vacuole

    6) Vacuole:

    Storage Tanks of the cell

    store water, food and waste.

    Animal CellPlant Cell

  • 7) Golgi body:

    packages and transports materials out of the cell.

    Golgi complex

    Animal Cell

  • 8) Lysosome:

    Clean-up and Recycling Crew

    digest food particles, wastes, cell parts, and foreign invaders.

    Lysosome

    Vesicle with foodAnimal Cell

  • Summary of organelles and their functions

  • White Blood Cells Red Blood Cells

    Slide Number 1Slide Number 2Slide Number 3Slide Number 4A. CELL THEORYSlide Number 6D)SOME CELL TERMS & STRUCTURES:Slide Number 8Slide Number 9Slide Number 10Slide Number 11E)ORGANELLES OF CELLS:Slide Number 13Slide Number 14Slide Number 15Slide Number 16Slide Number 17Slide Number 18Slide Number 19Slide Number 20Slide Number 21Slide Number 22Slide Number 23Slide Number 24Slide Number 25Slide Number 26Slide Number 27Slide Number 28Slide Number 29Slide Number 30