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Transcript of Can social capital buffer against feelings of marginalisation and its impact on subjective...

  • Slide 1
  • Can social capital buffer against feelings of marginalisation and its impact on subjective wellbeing? Empirical evidence from the 2003 Quality of Life in South East Queensland Survey NB. Please view via Notes page. You can then progress through the document using your mouse wheel, Page Down key, or the double-headed arrow to the right of this frame.
  • Slide 2
  • Marginalisation in normal populations Marginalisation: not feeling part of society Special populations often do not feel part of society and may be discriminated against in society e.g. Aborigines, ethnic groups, mentally ill, homeless and disabled. Those in the normal population generally feel part of society but some feel more part of society than others
  • Slide 3
  • Societal context for marginalisation in normal populations Globalisation: rapid erosion of national boundaries on economic, political and cultural dimensions De-industrialisation and post- modernisation of economies and societies More professionals and unskilled services workers Fewer blue collar workers Some are more valued in society and will more feel part of a changing society
  • Slide 4
  • Occupational prestige Definition: the prestige accorded by others to various occupations. It is a single dimensional indicator of socio- economic advantage In society, some occupations are valued more in society and accorded higher prestige Occupational prestige may impact on how much a person feels part of society
  • Slide 5
  • Social capital Relates to societal norms and networks which promote collective action for mutual benefit. At the individual level, it involves trust, reciprocity and agency Social capital is often conceptualised at a community level rather than the societal level However, social capital may help people feel part of society
  • Slide 6
  • Hypotheses Those of low occupational prestige will feel more marginalised from society (H1) Those with low social capital will feel more marginalised from society (H2) Social capital will buffer against low occupational status. That is, effect of low occupational status on marginalisation will be less for those high in social capital (H3)
  • Slide 7
  • Hypotheses contd Feeling marginalised from society will reduce subjective well-being such that: life satisfaction will be lower (H4) positive affect will be lower (H5) negative affect will be higher (H6)
  • Slide 8
  • The sample Residents aged 18 years and over in South East Queensland (SEQ) 1,610 respondents to 2003 QOL survey 30 percent response rate Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing N=780 in the analysis because not all respondents received questions on negative and positive affect Generally representative sample though more socio-economically advantaged than the SEQ population
  • Slide 9
  • Comparison: population and sample 2003QOL2001Census Median age of those aged 18 and over4643 Percentage female of those aged 18 and over4951 Percentage married or in a defacto relationship6056 Percentage divorced, separated or widowed18 Percentage born in Australia7773 Percentage Indigenous1.41.5 Percentage with post-school qualifications78 Percentage with a bachelors degree or higher qualification2514 Median income of those aged 20 and over 26,000 23,700 Median household income 57,200 43,700 Percentage employed of those aged 18 and over6559 Percentage of total persons aged 18 and over who are employed full-time37 Percentage of dwellings that are separate houses8475 Percentage of dwellings that are townhouses, units, flats or semi- detached housing1522 Percentage of employed persons working from home95 Percentage of employed persons travelling to work who used a train8283
  • Slide 10
  • SEQ region and sample
  • Slide 11
  • Measures Occupational prestige ANU3_2: This scale provides a prestige score for each of 340 4-digit codes in the Australian Standard Classification of Occupations (ASCO) Job descriptions from QOL survey were coded to 4-digit ASCO We coded those not currently employed to their most recent employment Missing values = 27 out of 780
  • Slide 12
  • Measures contd Social capital: 12 items relating to agency, trust and reciprocity For example, agreement with At work, I frequently take the initiative to do what needs to be done even if none asks me to trust in Neighbours who are not friends or family frequency of exchanging practical help or advice with Your close family and other relatives with whom you dont live 5-point scales =.73
  • Slide 13
  • Measures contd Marginalisation: The Margins of Society (MOS) Alienation Scale 7 statements for example, I feel discriminated against; I wish I were someone important; and I dont like to live by societies rules. 5-point agreement scale =.78. Strong positive skew. Analysis used natural log
  • Slide 14
  • Measures contd Life satisfaction: Average of 14 items Satisfaction in various life domains For example, employment, leisure time, family life, social relationships, health and standard of living 5-point satisfaction scale =.85
  • Slide 15
  • Measures contd Negative and positive affect PANAS scale (brief version): 10 items for positive affect (e.g., proud, inspired, and interested) and 10 items for negative affect (e.g., distressed, irritable, and afraid). Respondents were asked to what extent they feel this way right now positive affect =.89 negative affect =.85 Negative affect had a very strong positive skew. Analysis used a median split.
  • Slide 16
  • Occupational prestige Marginalisation Social capital Interaction Life satisfaction Positive affect Negative affect Model H1 H2 H3 H4 H5 H6
  • Slide 17
  • Occupational prestige Marginalisation Social capital Interaction Life satisfaction Positive affect Negative affect.08 -.20 -.18.03 -.36 -.22.36.11 -.07.30 -.22.06 Results.92.87.95.87 Chi-square=61.49, df=9, p