THEORIES OF EMOTION. EMOTION is a set of complex reactions to stimuli involving subjective feelings,...

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Transcript of THEORIES OF EMOTION. EMOTION is a set of complex reactions to stimuli involving subjective feelings,...

  • THEORIES OF EMOTION

  • EMOTION is a set of complex reactions to stimuli involving subjective feelings, physiological arousal, and observable behavior.

  • There are many theories concerning the causes of emotion. The four more commonly promoted theories are:

  • 1. James-Lange Theory of Emotion

  • You see Your heart Fear a lion races occurs

  • 2. Cannon-Bard Theory of EmotionWhen a stimulating event happens, we feel emotions and physiological changes at the same time.

    The sequence thus is as follows:Event ==> Simultaneous arousal and emotion

  • You see a lionYour heart races and fear occurs at the same time

  • 3. Cognitive Appraisal Theories of EmotionIn the absence of physiological arousal, we decide what to feel after interpreting or explaining what has just happened. Two things are important in this: whether we interpret the event as good or bad for us, and what we believe is the cause of the event.

    The sequence thus is as follows:Event ==> thinking ==> Simultaneous arousal and emotion

    You see a lion You think does the If Yes your heart lion present a danger races and fear to me? occurs

  • 4. Two-Factor Theory of EmotionThe first step is to experience physiological arousal. We then try to find a label to explain our feelings, usually by looking at what we are doing and what else is happening at the time of the arousal. Thus we dont just feel angry, happy or whatever: we experience feeling and then decide what they mean.The sequence thus is as follows:Event ==> arousal ==> reasoning ==> emotion

    You seeYour heart You think Fear a lion racesShould I beoccursscared?

  • 1. James-Lange Theory of EmotionEvent ==> interpretation ==> arousal ==> emotion2. Cannon-Bard Theory of Emotion3. Cognitive Appraisal Theories of EmotionEvent ==> thinking ==> Simultaneous arousal and emotion4. Two-Factor Theory of EmotionEvent ==> arousal ==> reasoning ==> emotionTHE FOUR THEORIES OF EMOTIONEvent ==> Simultaneous arousal and emotionWhich theory is most correct?

  • EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCEEmotional Intelligence is a concept created by Dr. Daniel Goleman. It promotes the effective and appropriate use of emotions in social situations.

    Emotionally intelligent people share FIVE main characteristics

  • 1. SELF - AWARENESSRecognizing and being aware of your own emotions.

  • 2. MANAGING YOUR EMOTIONSRegulating your emotions and expressing them properlyEmotions are subjective. Managing emotions requires you to be objective with your emotions.

  • 3. EMPATHYBeing emotionally sensitive to othersThe ability to sense how another thinks and feels although we have no knowledge of the state of mind of others.

  • 4. MOTIVATING YOURSELFUsing your emotions to motivate yourself toward a goal

  • 5. THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL SKILLS* Dealing with people who have different views.

  • 5. THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL SKILLS* Being persuasive and communicative

  • 5. THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL SKILLS*Managing conflict

  • 5. THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL SKILLS* Working as a member of a team

    There are many theories concerning the causes of emotion. Some of the more commonly promoted theories are:*You see a lionYour heart racesFear occurs*You see a lionYour heart races and fear occurs at the same time*Which theory is most correct?*Emotionally intelligent people share FIVE main characteristics*Emotions are subjective. Managing emotions requires you to be objective with your emotions.*The ability to sense how another thinks and feels although we have no knowledge of the state of mind of others*