TX History Ch 21.1

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Transcript of TX History Ch 21.1

  • 1. Chapter 21:The Cattle Kingdom Section 1:Early Cattle Ranching

2. Spanish Beginnings

  • 1500s:Spanish had ranches firmly established in Mexico
  • 1700s:Cattle moved northward to support missions in Rio Grande & San Antonio River Valleys
  • Good climate & water supply

3. Spanish Beginnings

  • First Texas Ranchers : Tejanos who brought knowledge of ranching from Mexico
  • Brands marks that made it possible to determine who owned Texas cattle

4. 5. 6. 7. Spanish Beginnings

  • Cattle drives herding groups of cattle to market
  • Cattle driven from South of Rio Grande to supply Spanish military outposts
  • Driven from SE Texas to Louisiana

8. Spanish Beginnings

  • Ranching spreads:
    • East TX:near markets in New Orleans
    • Central/South TX:rich prairies & moderate climates

9. Spanish Beginnings

  • Cattle driven out of state:
    • New Orleans
    • California after discovery of gold
    • Ohio

10. Spanish Beginnings

  • Problems:
    • Rustlers thieves
    • Access to markets
    • Low population = low demand

11. The Texas Longhorns

  • Longhorn a cross between Spanish & English cattle

BEVOits whats for dinner! 12. The Texas Longhorns

  • Strengths:
    • Thrived on native grasses
    • Could endure hot/cold
    • Could eat prickly pear and survive on little water
    • Resistant to Texas Fever

13. The Texas Longhorns

  • 8 pounds of hamburger on 800 pounds of bone and horn.
  • Horns provided protection

14. 15. The Texas Longhorns

  • Texas cattle grew during the Civil War becauseUnion blockades made it difficult to move cattle out of state