TX Ch 12.3

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  • 1. Chapter 12:A New Nation Section 3:Lamars Presidency

2. Bellwork

  • What was Sam Houstons American Indian policy?

3. Lamar in Office

  • Mirabeau B. Lamar :elected second president of Texas in 1838
  • Vice President:David G. Burnet

Mirabeau B. Lamar 4. Lamar in Office

  • Made public education a priority
  • Granted counties 17,712 acres of lands to support public schools
  • Set aside 231,400 acres for starting two public universities

5. Lamar in Office

  • 1840:Rusterville College opens
  • Republic never established a public school system or universities
  • Low land values

Rusterville College 6. A New Capital

  • Houston too far east
  • Wanted to move capital to edge of Texas settlement
  • Strengthen Republic's control of region

7. A New Capital

  • 1839:Congress appoints a group to select new capital
  • Waterloo, a village on Colorado River, selected
  • Renamed Austin in honor of SFA

8. A New Capital

  • Edwin Waller laid out a new capital for Texas
  • Capitol,government offices, streets, & homes built

Judge Edwin Waller 9. A New Capital

  • Some Texans disliked new capital:
    • Too isolated
    • Vulnerable to attack by Mexico
    • Comanche territory

Texas Capitol 1839-1853 10. Land & Economic Policies

  • Homestead Law law passed in 1839 to protect a familys home and up to 50 acres of land from seizure for debts
  • Important as financial situation worsened

11. Land & Economic Policies

  • Public debt increased
  • Red backs paper money issued by they Republic of Texas during Lamar's administrating to help stop an economic crisis

Republic of Texas Currency 12. Land & Economic Policies

  • Became worthless within three years
  • Republic spent more than it collected in revenue
  • Military spending rose form $881,000 under Houston to more than $1.5 under Lamar

13. Lamars American Indian Policy

  • Lamar disliked Indians and wanted them removed from Texas
  • Believed Indians did not have a right to their lands
  • 1839:Lamar orders Cherokee to leave Texas

14. Lamars American Indian Policy

  • Cherokee refuse
  • Lamar sends 500 soldiers
  • Fighting breaks out Battle of Neches

15. Lamars American Indian Policy

  • Battle of Neches
    • 100 Cherokee killed
    • Chief Bowles killed
    • Surviving Cherokee pursued north to Indian Territory

Chief Bowles 16. Lamars American Indian Policy

  • Conflict between Texan settlers and Comanche worsens
  • Lamar orders attacks on Comanche
  • Comanche agree to peace talks

17. Lamars American Indian Policy

  • Texans order Comanche to bring all captives
  • March 19, 1840:65 Comanche arrive in San Antonio for peace talks
  • Bring only a few captives

18. Lamars American Indian Policy

  • Texans demand release of captives
  • Comanche peace chief says he can not release captives
  • Fighting breaks out

19. Lamars American Indian Policy

  • Council House Fight battle in 1840 between Texas and Comanche after the Comanche did not release all their captives
  • 35 Comanche dead
  • Comanche execute Texas captives

20. Lamars American Indian Policy

  • Launch attacks against settlements
  • Texans seek out Comanche
  • Battle of Plum Creek:more than 130 Comanche killed

21. The Results of Lamars Policies

  • Removed Cherokee from East Texas
  • Comanche pushed farther north and west
  • Land opened up for settlement

22. The Results of Lamars Policies

  • Indians devastated
  • Warfare cost Republic $2.5 million
  • Lives lost
  • National debt:increased from $3.3 million to more than $8 million

23. Education Economy Land Policy Indians Action Result Action Result Action Result Action Result