TX History Ch 18.1

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Transcript of TX History Ch 18.1

  • 1. Chapter 18:Texas & the Civil War Section 1:Slavery & States Rights

2. Bellwork

  • What is a civil war?
  • How is it different from a normal war?

3. Growing National Divisions

  • Nation divided along sectional lines:
    • North:Industrial economy
    • South:Agricultural economy

4. Growing National Divisions 5. Growing National Divisions

  • North and South divided bysocial and economic differences
  • Southerners were generallyagainsthigher tariffs on manufactured goods

6. Chevrolet Silverado Toyota Tundra $15,000 $12,000 7. Chevrolet Silverado Toyota Tundra $15,000 $12,000 + $5,000 tariff = $17,000 8. Growing National Divisions

  • States Rights the belief that state power is greater than federal power
  • Westward Expansion:
    • Texas
    • Mexican Cession

9. Growing National Divisions

  • Compromise of 1850 & Fugitive Slave Act
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act allowed the Kansas and Nebraska Territories to decide whether to be free or slave states
  • Violated the Missouri Compromise

10. 11. Growing National Divisions

  • Houston one of the few southerners to oppose Kansas-Nebraska Act
  • Houstons opposition to the actcost him many friends in Texas.

Sam Houston 12. Growing National Divisions

  • Dred Scott decision (1857):
    • African Americans are not citizens and could not sue
    • Congress could not ban slavery in the territories

Dred Scott 13. Growing National Divisions

  • John Browns raid (1859):
    • Led raid on federal arsenal to start a slave revolt
    • Hanged for treason

John Brown 14. Texas Joins the Confederacy

  • 1860:Abraham Lincoln elected president
  • Secede to formally withdraw

President Abraham Lincoln 15. Texas Joins the Confederacy

  • South Carolina :first state to secede from the Union
  • Leaders in Texas call for a special meeting of the legislature to consider secession
  • Gov. Sam Houston warned Texans thatthe North was determined to keep the Union together .

16. Some of you laugh to scorn the idea of bloodshed as the result of secession, but let me tell you what is coming....Your fathers and husbands, your sons and brothers, will be herded at the point of the bayonet....You may after the sacrifice of countless millions of treasure and hundreds of thousands of lives, as a bare possibility, win Southern independence...but I doubt it. I tell you that, while I believe with you in the doctrine of state rights, the North is determined to preserve this Union. They are not a fiery, impulsive people as you are, for they live in colder climates. But when they begin to move in a given direction...they move with the steady momentum and perseverance of a mighty avalanche; and what I fear is, they will overwhelm the South. --Sam Houston 17. Texas Joins the Confederacy

  • Houston tried to delay Secession Convention
  • Secession Convention meets January 28, 1861
  • February 1, 1761:Delegates approve secession

18. 19. Texas Joins the Confederacy

  • Texansstrongly supportedsecession:
    • 45,153 for secession
    • 14,747 against secession

20. The Confederacy

  • Seceding states formed a government called the Confederate States of America

21. The Confederacy

  • Constitution emphasized supremacy of states and right to hold slaves
  • Jefferson Davis elected president

Jefferson Davis 22. The Confederacy

  • March 4, 1861:Texas Secession Convention reassembles to write new constitution
  • Gov. Houston was removed from officewhen he refused to take an oath of allegiance to the Confederacy.

23. Sam Houston dies July 26, 1863 in Huntsville, Texas