Tx history-ch-18.2

download Tx history-ch-18.2

of 34

  • date post

    20-May-2015
  • Category

    Education

  • view

    1.185
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Tx history-ch-18.2

  • 1. Chapter 18:Texas & the Civil War Section 2:The Civil War Begins

2. Thinking Question

  • What are the Unions options against the South?

3. A Call to Arms

  • April 1861:Confederate attack on Fort Sumter marked beginning of Civil War

4. 5. 6. Fort SumterApril 4, 1861 7. Fort SumterApril 1865 8. A Call to Arms

  • Lincoln calls for 75,000 volunteers
  • Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina secede
  • Thousands of Texansrushed to join Confederate forces.

9. A Call to Arms

  • End of 1861:25,000 Texans in Confederate army
  • Regiments units of about 1,000 soldiers

10. A Call to Arms Terrys Texas Rangers B.F. Terry Hoods Texas Brigade John Bell Hood Rosss Texas Brigade Lawrence Sullivan Ross 11. 12. A Call to Arms

  • Albert Sidney Johnston Texan who was the second highest-ranking officer in the Confederate army until he was killed in battle

Albert Sidney Johnston 13. 14. Texas Readies for War

  • Texas troop ill-equipped
  • Texas government seized federal property
  • Captured $1 million worth of supplies in San Antonio
  • States resources put to use

15. Resources & Strategies

  • Northern Advantages:
    • Larger population
    • Railroads
    • Factories
    • Established government

16. Resources & Strategies

  • Southern advantages:
    • Experienced military leaders
    • Experience in riding horses and using firearms

17. Resources & Strategies

  • Confederate strategy:
    • Defensive war
    • Souths greatest resource for trade with the world wascotton

18. Resources & Strategies

  • Union strategy:
    • Blockade of southern seaports
    • Take control of the Mississippi
    • Capture Richmond, Virginiacapital of Confederacy

19. Resources & Strategies

  • War in three theatres:
    • East:Washington D.C. & Richmond
    • Tennessee and Mississippi
    • West of the Mississippi River

20. The Major Battles of the Civil War

  • Major battles took place east of the Mississippi
  • First Battle of Bull Run (July 1861):
    • Union attempt to capture Richmond
    • Union forces drove out of Virginia

21. Home destroyed during First Battle of Bull RunJuly 1861 22. The Major Battles of the Civil War

  • Battle of Antietam (September 17, 1862):
    • Lee clashes with Union force in Maryland
    • Union victory
    • 12,000 Union casualties
    • 13,000 Confederate casualties
    • Bloodiest day in American History

23. President Lincoln and Gen. George B. McClellan in the general's tent 24. Allan Pinkerton, President Lincoln, and Maj. Gen. John A. McClernand 25. Battle of AntietamSeptember 17, 1862 26. Confederate Dead at Antietam 27. The Major Battles of the Civil War

  • Battle of Gettysburg (July 1-3, 1863)
    • Union victory
    • Lee on defensive for the rest of war
    • 23,000 Union casualties
    • 28,000 Confederate casualties

28. Soldiers at Gettysburg 29. Union and Confederate Dead at Gettysburg 30. The Major Battles of the Civil War

  • The struggle to control the Mississippi River Valley was costly andof major significance to the war.
  • Battle of Shiloh (April 1862):
    • Costly for both sides
    • Albert Sidney Johnston killed

31. The Major Battles of the Civil War

  • Siege of Vicksburg (July 1863):
    • Controlled traffic on Mississippi
    • Six week siege
    • Confederacy split in two

32. 33. U.S.S. St. Louis (Ironclad) 34. Section 2:The Civil War Begins Northern Strategy Southern Strategy