Tx history-ch-15.3

download Tx history-ch-15.3

of 22

  • date post

    20-May-2015
  • Category

    Education

  • view

    248
  • download

    3

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Tx history-ch-15.3

  • 1. Chapter 15:Texas Joins the Union Section 3:Political and Economic Issues

2. Bellwork

  • What political parties can you name?

3. Political Parties

  • Political Party groups of people who help elect government officials and influence government policies

4. Political Parties

  • Republican Party
  • Democratic Party

5. 6. 7. Political Parties

  • Political parties did not exist in the Republic of Texas
  • Texans join political parties organized in the U.S.
  • Two-party system

8. Political Parties

  • Democratic Party
    • 1840s-50s:most popular political party in Texas
    • Represented small business owners & farmers
    • Most supported annexation

Donkey:Symbol of the Democratic Party 9. Political Parties

  • Whig Party
    • Favored banking and large business
    • Against annexation of Texas
    • Divided over slavery

10. Political Parties

  • Republican Party
    • Formed by northern Whigs
    • Keep slavery out of territories
    • Little support

Elephant:Symbol of the Republican Party 11. Political Parties

  • Know-Nothings
    • Proslavery
    • Anti-Catholic
    • Anti-immigrant

12. Early Governors of Texas

  • James Pinckney Henderson
    • First governor of Texas
    • Led troops in war against Mexico

James Pinckney Henderson 13. Early Governors of Texas

  • George T. Wood
    • Elected 1847
    • Frontier defense and border disputes
    • Defeated in re-election bid

George T. Wood 14. Early Governors of Texas

  • Peter H. Bell
    • Border disputes
    • Re-elected in 1851
    • Resigned before end of term

Peter Hansborough Bell 15. Early Governors of Texas

  • J.W. Henderson
    • Lt. Gov. under Bell
    • Served as governor for 28 days

James W. Henderson 16. Early Governors of Texas

  • Elisha M. Pease
    • Popular governor first elected in 1853, who was a leader in education and helped eliminate state debt
    • Re-elected 1855

Elisha M. Pease 17. Early Governors of Texas

  • Hardin Runnels
    • Elected 1855
    • Defeated Sam Houston for governor in only election Houston ever lost

Hardin Runnels 18. Early Governors of Texas

  • Sam Houston
    • Elected 1859
    • Served as army commander, president, senator, and governor

Sam Houston 19. Debts & Land Issues

  • Governors responsible for paying debt and developing land policy
  • 1845:Republics debt $10 million
  • Annexation resolution:Texas responsible for debt
  • 1850:Debt at $12 million

20. 21. Debts & Land Issues

  • Texas gave up million of acres of landin what are now five other states in exchange for money to reduce its debt.
  • Debt paid off by 1855
  • Texas still had million of acres of land

22. Debts & Land Issues

  • Gave land to settlers
  • Set aside for education and improvements
  • By 1898 there were nounclaimed public lands left in Texas.