Tx history-ch-15.2

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Transcript of Tx history-ch-15.2

  • 1. Chapter 15:Texas Joins the Union Section 2:Forming a Government

2. Bellwork

  • Imagine you are forming a new clubwhat are some actions you would take?

3. The Convention of 1845

  • Anson Jones: The Republic of Texas is no more.

4. The Convention of 1845

  • James Pinckney Henderson first governor of the state of Texas

James Pinckney Henderson 5. The Convention of 1845

  • State constitution written at Convention of 1845
  • Thomas J. Rusk president of Convention of 1845

Thomas J. Rusk 6. The Convention of 1845

  • Jos Antonio Navarro only native Texan in the Convention of 1824

JosAntonio Navarro 7. The Convention of 1845

  • Modeled after:
    • U.S. Constitution
    • Republic of Texas Constitution
    • Louisiana Constitution
  • Approved by awidemargin

8. 9. The Constitution of 1845

  • Executive Branch
    • Led by governor
    • 2 year term

Texas Governors Mansion 10. The Constitution of 1845

  • Legislative Branch
    • House2years
    • Senate4years

Texas Senate Chamber 11. The Constitution of 1845

  • Legislature meetsbiennially
  • Biennial every two years

Texas House Chamber 12. The Constitution of 1845

  • Judicial Branch
    • Judges appointed by governor until 1850
    • Judges elected after 1850

Old Supreme Court Chamber 13. The Constitution of 1845

  • Imperfections:
    • Only white men over 21 could vote or hold office
    • Protected slavery

14. The Constitution of 1845

  • Protections:
    • Homesteads up to 200 acres
    • Certain business practices

15. The Constitution of 1845

  • Prohibited the creation ofbanks
  • Corporations could only operatewith permission from the legislature

16. The Constitution of 1845

  • Protections:
    • Womens property rights
      • Husband could not sell homestead without permission of wife
      • Married women could own property separate from husband
      • Stemmed from Spanish laws

17. The Constitution of 1845

  • Prohibited those who took part in a duel from holding any state office

18. The First State Election

  • Dec. 1845:Held elections
  • James Pinckney Henderson elected governor
  • Feb. 19, 1846:Government operations transferred from the Republic to the state

19. The First State Election TexasFirst U.S. Senators Sam Houston Thomas J. Rusk 20. TEXAS CONSTITUTION OF 1845 Branches of Government Economy Voting & Holding Office Protections