TX History Ch 18.5

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Transcript of TX History Ch 18.5

  • 1. Chapter 18:Texas & the Civil War Section 5:The End of the War

2. The War Draws to a Close

  • Union forces move into South after fall of Vicksburg and Gettysburg
  • April 1864:Ulysses Grant takes command of Union army
  • Robert E. Lee put on the defensive

Ulysses S. Grant 3. The War Draws to a Close

  • General William T. Sherman is remembered forhis deliberatelydestructive march through Georgia & the Carolinas .

William T. Sherman 4. 5. 6. The War Draws to a Close

  • April 9, 1865:Robert E. Lee surrenders to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia

7. 8. 9. Battle at Palmito Ranch

  • May 1865:word of surrender reaches Texas
  • Hundreds of soldiers leave for home
  • General E. Kirby Smith urges soldiers to continue war

Edmund Kirby Smith 10. Battle at Palmito Ranch

  • May 12, 1865:Union troops move inland towards Brownsville
  • The last land battle of the war took placein Texas after Lees surrender at Appomattox.

11. Battle at Palmito Ranch

  • Confederate & Union forces clash at Palmito Ranch
  • Confederate troops win battle taking 100 Union prisoners
  • Won the battle, but lost the war

12. Consequences of War

  • 620,000 Americans killed in Civil War
  • Deadliest conflict in U.S. history
  • 90,000 Texans served in the Civil War

13. Consequences of War

  • At the end of the war, Texas wasin a state of political and economic collapse.
    • Cotton trade had almost come to a stop
    • State government officials fled to Mexico

14. Consequences of War

  • Emancipation Proclamation decreed that slaves were free in areas rebelling under the United States

Emancipation Proclamation