[Slideshare]fiqh course#part1a(april2011)

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Intermediate course on Islam "Introduction to the study of Fiqh" conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (Singapore)

Transcript of [Slideshare]fiqh course#part1a(april2011)

  • 1. INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OFFIQH Intermediate LevelIslamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) LESSON # 1A INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH And say: O Lord! Increase for me my knowledge Usingtext & curriculum he has developed especially forMuslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)

2. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. 3. It is He (Allah) Who has sent amongst the Unlettered a messenger (Muhammad) from among themselves, to rehearse to them His Signs, to sanctify them, and to instruct them in Scripture and Wisdom although they had been, before, in manifest error. ( Quran: Jumuah: 62: 2 ) All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. 4. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) As well as (to confer all these benefits upon) others of them, who have not already joined them: and He is Exalted in Might, Wise. ( Quran: Jumuah: 62: 3 ) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. 5. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) Such is the Bounty of Allah, which He bestows on whom He will: and Allah is the Lord of the highest bounty. ( Quran: Jumuah: 62: 4 ) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. 6. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) Who is better in speech than one who calls (men) to Allah, works righteousness, and says "I am of those who bow in Islam" ( Quran: Jumuah: 41: 33 ) 7. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 8. Nor should the Believers all go forth together: if a contingent from every expedition remained behind, they could devote themselves to studies in religion ( LIYA-TAFAQQAHU -FID-DEEN ) and admonish the people when they return to them that thus they (may learn) to guard themselves (against evil).( Quran: Taubah: 9:122 ) All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 9. Say: "Are those equal, those who know and those who do not know? It is those who are endued with understanding that receive admonition. ( Quran: Zumar: 39: 9 ) All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 10. So ask the people of the Remembrance (i.e. those who know) in matters which you do not know. ( Quran: Anbiya: 21: 7 ) All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 11. Verily those who truly fear Allah from among His Servants, those who have knowledge ( AL-ULAMA ): for Allah is Exalted in Might, Oft-Forgiving. ( Quran: Fatir: 35: 28 ) All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 12. Allah will raise up, to (suitable) ranks (and degrees), those of you who believe and who have been granted Knowledge ( UU-TUL-ILMA ): and Allah is well-acquainted with all ye do. ( Quran: Mujadilah: 58: 11 ) All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 13. He (Allah) grants wisdom to whom He pleases; and he to whom wisdom is granted receives indeed a benefit overflowing; but none will grasp the message but men of understanding . ( Quran: Baqarah: 2: 269 ) All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 14. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w.said: 15. Whomsoever that Allah wishes for him goodness, He will make him aFAQIH(learned) in matters of the religion( Deen ); and for everything there is a pillar, and the pillar of this religion isAL-FIQH (the profound understanding of theDeen ); a learned scholar (of theDeen ) is more difficult upon satan than a thousand worshippers. ( Reported by Bukhary and Muslim ) All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w.said: 16. Whosoever sets out upon the path in which to seek knowledge ( ILMA ), Allah will make easy for him the path to Paradise.( Reported by Abu Daud & Tirmidzi ) All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w.said: 17. The best ones amongst you is the person who makes your remember Allah when you look upon him; and whenever he speaks it increases you your knowledge (of the Deen), and with his deeds it inspires (motivates) you to strive for your Hereafter. ( Hadith reported by Hakim from Ibnu Umar r.a .) All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w.said: 18. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 19. Knowledge is not from the listening of much narrations (or merely reading books), verily knowledge is light (which Allah s.w.t.) into the heart. ( Saying of*Ibnu Masud r.a .) All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) * The famous companion (SAHABI) of the Prophet s.a.a.w. 20. The most meritorious of knowledge is knowledge of the Haal (spiritual state); and the most meritorious of actions (deeds) is to maintain ones standing (goodly spiritual state attained). All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) *Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said:

  • The famous student of Imam Abu Hanifah r.h.m .
  • amongst the teachers of Imam Ash-Shafiier.h.m

21.

  • REFLECTION:
  • Our concern should be towards drawing close to Allah spiritually described as states ( Haal ). In the incremental stateswhich we gained, we must strive to maintain withamal(practice) as we can regress. When istiqomah in ones Haal is achieved, it is called Maqom

All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) *Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: 22. Learn (seek knowledge)! For the learning is an adornment for the one who (strive and) possesses it; a virtue and a prelude to every praiseworthy action. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) *Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: 23.

  • REFLECTION:
  • Certainly, this is from the Islamic perspective of knowledge linked toibaadah not the secularist-culture of learning which is attached to value-system quite opposed to Islamic ideals.

All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: 24. Give yourself up to the study of jurisprudence ( FIQH ), for the knowledge of jurisprudence is the best guide to piety and the fear of God and it is the straightest path to the ultimate goal .

  • REFLECTION:
  • Fiqh literally means profound understanding (of the Deen) ref: al-Quran Surah Taubah : 9: 122, which later was used to refer to the studies of Islamic jurisprudence.

All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: 25. It is the milestone leading to the ways of proper guidance; it is the fortress that saves [one] from all hardships. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )

  • REFLECTION:
  • Again, one has to understand Islams value system which do not separate the eternal goodness and hardship in Hereafter with present life which is temporary and fleeting. Thus, those with secular worldview, may not be able to appreciate profoundly this message.

* Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: 26. Indeed, one godly person versed in jurisprudence is more powerful against Satan than a thousand [ordinary] worshippers. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )

  • REFLECTION:
  • Only by knowing the boundaries between obedience and disobedience, instilled withTaqwa(fear of transgression) that can effectively equip a Muslim against being tempted or deceived by Satan. Thus, the emphasis upon this knowledge.

*Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: 27. The knowledge is what benefits,not what is memorized ( Imam Muhammad Idris ash-Shafie rhm. a .) All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 28. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 29. Whoever seeks knowledge (intending) to argue withthe learned (scholars), or to brag with the foolish;or with it to attract peoples attention to himself;Allah will make him to enter the Hell-fire. ( Hadith also reported by Tirmidzi and Ibn Majah ) All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w.said: 30. We are (much) in need of a littleAdab , from (that of) going out (seeking) after much ofilm(knowledge) (Imam Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak) All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 31. "Indeed thescholarsare the inheritors of the Prophets, but if they fall into covetousness and greed, who shall be taken as leaders? Themerchants and businessmenare the trustees of Allah, so if they are treacherous, who can be trusted? Thewarriorsare the guests of Allah so if they become extreme (or take spoils without right), with whom can we defeat the enemies? The righteous andascetic onesare the kings of the earth but if they become insincere (i.e. haveriya ), who shall be followed? Thegovernors/rulersare the shepherds (protectors) of the people, but if the shepherd becomes a wolf, who shall protect the flock?"- Imam 'Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 32. ( ilm ) Knowledge withoutAdab ,is like (having) fire (but) without wood (fuel);andAdabwithout knowledge ( ilm ) , is like (having) the Soul (but) without body. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 33.

  • Purify his soul ( nafs ) from impure traits and blameworthy characteristics.

Such as:- ujub(self-conceit) Ju h ud(obstinacy) Kibr(arrogance) Hasd(jealousy) Riya (ostentatious) Hub al-jah(love for status) Hub ad-dunya(love of the world) Etc... amongst others .... He is indeed successful who purifyand causes i