[Slideshare]fiqh course#part1a(april2011)

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Intermediate course on Islam "Introduction to the study of Fiqh" conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (Singapore)

Transcript of [Slideshare]fiqh course#part1a(april2011)

  • 1. INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OFFIQH Intermediate LevelIslamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) LESSON # 1A INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH And say: O Lord! Increase for me my knowledge Usingtext & curriculum he has developed especially forMuslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)

2. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. 3. It is He (Allah) Who has sent amongst the Unlettered a messenger (Muhammad) from among themselves, to rehearse to them His Signs, to sanctify them, and to instruct them in Scripture and Wisdom although they had been, before, in manifest error. ( Quran: Jumuah: 62: 2 ) All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. 4. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) As well as (to confer all these benefits upon) others of them, who have not already joined them: and He is Exalted in Might, Wise. ( Quran: Jumuah: 62: 3 ) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. 5. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) Such is the Bounty of Allah, which He bestows on whom He will: and Allah is the Lord of the highest bounty. ( Quran: Jumuah: 62: 4 ) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. 6. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) Who is better in speech than one who calls (men) to Allah, works righteousness, and says "I am of those who bow in Islam" ( Quran: Jumuah: 41: 33 ) 7. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 8. Nor should the Believers all go forth together: if a contingent from every expedition remained behind, they could devote themselves to studies in religion ( LIYA-TAFAQQAHU -FID-DEEN ) and admonish the people when they return to them that thus they (may learn) to guard themselves (against evil).( Quran: Taubah: 9:122 ) All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 9. Say: "Are those equal, those who know and those who do not know? It is those who are endued with understanding that receive admonition. ( Quran: Zumar: 39: 9 ) All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 10. So ask the people of the Remembrance (i.e. those who know) in matters which you do not know. ( Quran: Anbiya: 21: 7 ) All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 11. Verily those who truly fear Allah from among His Servants, those who have knowledge ( AL-ULAMA ): for Allah is Exalted in Might, Oft-Forgiving. ( Quran: Fatir: 35: 28 ) All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 12. Allah will raise up, to (suitable) ranks (and degrees), those of you who believe and who have been granted Knowledge ( UU-TUL-ILMA ): and Allah is well-acquainted with all ye do. ( Quran: Mujadilah: 58: 11 ) All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 13. He (Allah) grants wisdom to whom He pleases; and he to whom wisdom is granted receives indeed a benefit overflowing; but none will grasp the message but men of understanding . ( Quran: Baqarah: 2: 269 ) All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 14. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w.said: 15. Whomsoever that Allah wishes for him goodness, He will make him aFAQIH(learned) in matters of the religion( Deen ); and for everything there is a pillar, and the pillar of this religion isAL-FIQH (the profound understanding of theDeen ); a learned scholar (of theDeen ) is more difficult upon satan than a thousand worshippers. ( Reported by Bukhary and Muslim ) All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w.said: 16. Whosoever sets out upon the path in which to seek knowledge ( ILMA ), Allah will make easy for him the path to Paradise.( Reported by Abu Daud & Tirmidzi ) All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w.said: 17. The best ones amongst you is the person who makes your remember Allah when you look upon him; and whenever he speaks it increases you your knowledge (of the Deen), and with his deeds it inspires (motivates) you to strive for your Hereafter. ( Hadith reported by Hakim from Ibnu Umar r.a .) All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w.said: 18. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 19. Knowledge is not from the listening of much narrations (or merely reading books), verily knowledge is light (which Allah s.w.t.) into the heart. ( Saying of*Ibnu Masud r.a .) All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) * The famous companion (SAHABI) of the Prophet s.a.a.w. 20. The most meritorious of knowledge is knowledge of the Haal (spiritual state); and the most meritorious of actions (deeds) is to maintain ones standing (goodly spiritual state attained). All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) *Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said:

  • The famous student of Imam Abu Hanifah r.h.m .
  • amongst the teachers of Imam Ash-Shafiier.h.m

21.

  • REFLECTION:
  • Our concern should be towards drawing close to Allah spiritually described as states ( Haal ). In the incremental stateswhich we gained, we must strive to maintain withamal(practice) as we can regress. When istiqomah in ones Haal is achieved, it is called Maqom

All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) *Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: 22. Learn (seek knowledge)! For the learning is an adornment for the one who (strive and) possesses it; a virtue and a prelude to every praiseworthy action. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) *Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: 23.

  • REFLECTION:
  • Certainly, this is from the Islamic perspective of knowledge linked toibaadah not the secularist-culture of learning which is attached to value-system quite opposed to Islamic ideals.

All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: 24. Give yourself up to the study of jurisprudence ( FIQH ), for the knowledge of jurisprudence is the best guide to piety and the fear of God and it is the straightest path to the ultimate goal .

  • REFLECTION:
  • Fiqh literally means profound understanding (of the Deen) ref: al-Quran Surah Taubah : 9: 122, which later was used to refer to the studies of Islamic jurisprudence.

All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) * Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: 25. It is the milestone leading to the ways of proper guidance; it is the fortress that saves [one] from all hardships. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )

  • REFLECTION:
  • Again, one has to understand Islams value system which do not separate the eternal goodness and hardship in Hereafter with present life which is temporary and fleeting. Thus, those with secular worldview, may not be able to appreciate profoundly this message.

* Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: 26. Indeed, one godly person versed in jurisprudence is more powerful against Satan than a thousand [ordinary] worshippers. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )

  • REFLECTION:
  • Only by knowing the boundaries between obedience and disobedience, instilled withTaqwa(fear of transgression) that can effectively equip a Muslim against being tempted or deceived by Satan. Thus, the emphasis upon this knowledge.

*Muhammad ibn al-Hassan Abu Abdallah al-Shaibany r.h.m. said: 27. The knowledge is what benefits,not what is memorized ( Imam Muhammad Idris ash-Shafie rhm. a .) All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 28. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 29. Whoever seeks knowledge (intending) to argue withthe learned (scholars), or to brag with the foolish;or with it to attract peoples attention to himself;Allah will make him to enter the Hell-fire. ( Hadith also reported by Tirmidzi and Ibn Majah ) All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w.said: 30. We are (much) in need of a littleAdab , from (that of) going out (seeking) after much ofilm(knowledge) (Imam Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak) All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 31. "Indeed thescholarsare the inheritors of the Prophets, but if they fall into covetousness and greed, who shall be taken as leaders? Themerchants and businessmenare the trustees of Allah, so if they are treacherous, who can be trusted? Thewarriorsare the guests of Allah so if they become extreme (or take spoils without right), with whom can we defeat the enemies? The righteous andascetic onesare the kings of the earth but if they become insincere (i.e. haveriya ), who shall be followed? Thegovernors/rulersare the shepherds (protectors) of the people, but if the shepherd becomes a wolf, who shall protect the flock?"- Imam 'Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 32. ( ilm ) Knowledge withoutAdab ,is like (having) fire (but) without wood (fuel);andAdabwithout knowledge ( ilm ) , is like (having) the Soul (but) without body. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 33.

  • Purify his soul ( nafs ) from impure traits and blameworthy characteristics.

Such as:- ujub(self-conceit) Ju h ud(obstinacy) Kibr(arrogance) Hasd(jealousy) Riya (ostentatious) Hub al-jah(love for status) Hub ad-dunya(love of the world) Etc... amongst others .... He is indeed successful who purifyand causes it to grow,( Quran: Shams: 91: 10 ) All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 34.

  • Remove impediments (affairs of the world) to devote with undivided attention to the study.

All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) Allah has not made for any man two hearts in his (one) body ( Quran: Ahzab: 33: 4 ) 35.

  • Never scorn knowledge nor exalt himself/herself over the teacher.

All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) Whosever has humility (tawwadhu),Allah will raise his rank (and status);and whosoever is arrogant (proud - takabbur)Allah will humiliate him. ( Hadith of our Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. ) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w.said: 36.

  • Observe priority in learning and submit to the advise of the teacher in the matters of his learning.

All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) ... and be satisfied with your ignoranceif you have wronged a teacher. A POEM FROM KITAB TALIM MUTALLIM 37.

  • Must be patient and not be hasty in learning as one may need to master praiseworthy knowledge.

All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) Calmness is from Allah, and (whereas)hastiness is from satan. ( Hadith reported by Baihaqy from Anas r.a .) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w.said: 38.

  • Do not attempt to address every branch of knowledge but must observe order and begin with the most important.

All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) O ye who believe! put not yourselves forward beforeAllah and His Messenger: but fear Allah:for Allah is He who hears and knows all things. ( Quran: Hujurat: 49: 1 ) 39.

  • Learn to ascertain the noble nature of this or other science.

All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) Such as to know value & priority:- Fardh Ain(personal obligation) Fardh Kifaya(community obligation) Muqaddimat(introductory) Mukhtasar(Summary) Mufasssal (Detail) Mujmal (General) Khususiya(Specialised) Usul(Principles) Furu (Branches or secondary) Manfaat (beneficial) Ghoyr Manfaat(not beneficial) Etc... amongst others.... 40.

  • Purpose of learning is for the adornment of inner self with virtues seeking nearness to Allah ( Taqarrub-il-lAllaah ) and attainment of piety ( Taqwa ).

Verily the most honoured of you in the sightof Allah is (he who is) the most righteous of you. ( Quran: Hujurat: 49: 13 ) All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 41. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w.said: 42. Whoever seeks knowledge (intending) toargue with the learned (scholars),or to brag with the foolish;or with it to attract peoples attention to himself;Allah will make him to enter the Hell-fire. ( Hadith also reported by Tirmidzi and Ibn Majah ) All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w.said: 43.

  • Avoid polemics.
  • Niyyat: Essentials ( rukn ) in every worship (servitude).
  • Intention is formulated in the heart and mind.
  • In language that one understands.
  • Conscious awareness accompanying the act.
  • Clarity of action and purpose.
  • To eradicate ambiguity.
  • Sincerity towards Allah s.w.t.

All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 44. As an example of the intention (and Dua): as formulated byImam Qutb al-Irshad al-Habib Abdullah ibn Alawi al-Haddad( rahimahullah ) may we benefit from his Wisdom and secrets. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 45. As an example of the intention (and Dua): as formulated byImam Qutb al-Irshad al-Habib Abdullah ibn Alawi al-Haddad( rahimahullah ) may we benefit from his Wisdom and secrets. I intend to learn and teach (knowledge), to gain and to share benefits, to receive and to give reminders, to seek (Allahs) bestowals and to bestow (upon others), to holdfast to the teachings of the Book of Allah (Quran) and As-Sunnah of His Messenger s.a.a.w. , to invite towards the right guidance, to show to the path of goodness, beseeching and seeking to please Allah s.w.t., so as to gain nearness to Him and hoping for (His acceptance and) His reward. Amin All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 46.

  • Refer also to the traditional text :
  • Talim Mutaallim Tariqit Taallum
  • INSTRUCTION OF THE STUDENT : THE METHOD OF LEARNING
  • by Sheikh Imam Tajuddin Numan al-Zarnuji.

All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 47. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) 48. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) O ye who believe! Take not into your intimacy ( bitaanah * ) those outside your ranks; they will not fail to corrupt you. They only desire your ruin: rank hatred has already appeared from their mouths; what their hearts conceal is far worse. We have made plain to you the Signs, if ye have wisdom.( Quran : AaliImran: 3:118 ) * bitaanah: advisors, consultants, protectors, intimate friends, helpers ... 49. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) O ye who believe! (Be conscious of Allah and) Fear Allah ( TAQWA ) and be with those who are true (in word and deed).( Quran: Taubah:9: 119 ) 50. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) He is not from my Ummah (community), One who do not respect our elders, or One who is not merciful (kind) to our young, andone who do not know (and respect the rights of)ourUlama(Islamic scholars). ( Hadith of our Prophet s.a.w. Reported by Tabrany ) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w.said: 51. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) A person is upon the religion (way of life)of the ones (friends) he is close to,therefore look to whom you (love to be) close to. ( Hadith reported by Tirmidzi ) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w.said: 52. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) Verily this is knowledge (contains the rules) of theDEEN(Religion), so look thoroughly intothe person from whom you acquire(the knowledge of) yourDEEN(Religion).Imam Muhammad ibnu Sirrin (rhm.a) advices and warns us Muslims: 53. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) Whosoever has an increase in knowledge without any increase in his detachment ( ZUHD ) for the world, would not have any increase with Allah except in his distancing himself further ( Hadith reported by Dailami from Ali ibn Abi Tolib r.a .) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w.said: 54. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) He is not an ascetic ( ZAHID ) he who is detached (denounce) the dirham and dinar (i.e. money), but verily a true ascetic ( ZAHID ) is one who detaches himself from all otherexcept the Irresistable ( Allah jallaajalaa-luh ) ( Explanation of ZUHD by Ibn Arabiy ) 55. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) He who does not exert abstinence ( WARA)while learning, God (Allah) the Almighty chastise [him] in one of three ways:[1] either deprives him of life in his youth, or[2]exiles him into [far-off] regions, or[3] punishes him [by forcing him to enter] the service of the Sultan. A SCHOLARS ADVICE FROM KITAB TALIM MUTALLIM 56. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TO BE CONTINUED , INSHA-ALLAH 57. http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/ All welcome to visit my web-blog: All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )