Embed Size (px)
Transcript of Potassium. .
Potassium. . .
Potassium. . .
Atomic Symbol: K Number: 19 Weight: 39.0983
Number of Protons: 19 Electrons: 19 Neutrons: 20
Isotopes: 22, with weights from 32-54Natural Isotopes: 39K (93.2581%) 40K (0.0117%) 41K (6.7302%)
**Potassium is the eighth most abundant element on Earth; accounts for 3% of Earths mass
**Incredibly reactive, almost never free in nature
** Element name from English Potash, Atomic symbol from the Latin word for alkali, Kalium1
Role in the human body:Electrolyte Helps prevent crampingAssists metabolism and ensures proper functioning of cells, tissues and organsEnsures electrical activity of heartNecessary for growth and building muscleHelps maintain acid-base balanceAssists in protein synthesisDeficiency or excess in system can cause serious problemsPotassium. . .Ways to Obtain Potassium:In Nature:Caustic potash, sylvite, carnallite, langbeinite, polyhalite By Humans:Red meat, fish, veggie burgersSoy productsMilk, yogurt, nutsVegetables: broccoli, lima beans, squash, etc.Fruits: bananas, kiwi, apricots, citrus, etc.Industrial Use:Potassium-Sodium Alloy (NaK): heat transfer medium in nuclear reactors
Potassium Chloride (KCl): fertilizers, salt substitute, creation of other chemicals
Potassium Hydroxide (KOH): soaps, detergents, drain cleaners
Potassium Carbonate (KHCO3): glass and soaps
Potassium Superoxide (KO2): used in respiratory equipment
Potassium Nitrate (KNO3): fertilizers, match heads, and pyrotechnicshttp://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele019.htmlhttp://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002413.htm Lianne Makatura2
Calciumatomic number 20Number of electrons= 20Number of protons = 20Number of neutrons = 20Atomic mass = 40Symbol = Ca
Atomic StructureISOTOPES:Ca 42Ca 44Ca 46Ca 48* Part of cement* Part of quicklime (used to make paper, pottery, food, and purify water)
Where is calcium now?Who knew!In our foodCalcium is in milk and dairy products as well as leafy green vegetables. In our BodiesCalcium is obtained in our bodies to help strengthen teeth and bones. It helps stop bleeding and lower cholesterol.
Calcium is the 5th most abundant source in the earths crust
Calcium has been known since the 1st centuryhttp://chemistry.about.com/od/elementfacts/a/calcium.htm http://education.jlab.org/itselental/ele020.html
Lauren MazzellaBy: Theresa RasoIron
Element Symbol: FeAtomic Number: 26Number of Protons: 26 -Neutrons: 30 -Electrons: 26
Iron has 4 energy levelsFirst energy level: 2Second energy level: 8Third energy level: 14Fourth energy level: 2Color: silveryClassification: Transition MetalCrystal Structure: CubicIsotopes existing in natureMass #---natural Abundance---half life56------------91.754%-----------stable57-------------2.119%------------stable58-------------0.282%-----------stableRole in the human body-Iron is the substance that caries oxygen within the red blood cells.- Iron is also used in the hemoglobin of the red blood cells that transports oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body.How iron is obtained by humans-Iron is consumed when humans eat meat, seafood, beans, greens, and vegetables.How iron is used in industry-Iron is the cheapest and most abundant of all metals.-Iron is used to make paper clips to skyscrapers and everything in-between.-When added to other elements, Iron can give steel very useful properties.Other interesting facts:-Irons chemical symbol comes from the Latin word for iron, ferrum.-Iron is the fourth most abundant element in the universe.Sources:www.chemicalelements.com/elements/fe.htmleducation.jlab.org/itselemental/ele026.htmlhttp://www.google.com/imghp?hl=en&tab=ii
Magnesium!Created by: Kylie Gruppo
Atomic Number: 12Protons: 12Neutrons: 12Electrons: 12Atomic Weight: 24.305The Facts:Isotopes:24Mg 79%25Mg 26MgRole in the Human Body:Vital component of a healthy dietLow levels related to the development of many illnessesAsthma, Diabetes, OsteoporosisHelps to strengthen bones & in muscle/nerve functioning
Obtained by humans through foodGood sources of Mg: spices, nuts, tea, & green vegetablesMacromoleculesFound in proteinIndustryUsed in foodsAutomotive industryInteresting FactsStable forms of magnesium are produced in starsIts made from the fusion of helium and neonMagnesiumhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magnesium#Biological_roleOxygen has 24 subatomic particles.It has three stable isotopes.It is found in fats, carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids.Oxygen, in gas form, is taken into the body by the action of breathing. It then enters the human's lungs.Cellular respiration require oxygen to burn the calories from food. Also, oxygen is a component in many of the molecules in the human body.
AtomicNumberAtomicWeightSymbolOxygen is used to treat sewage.The steel industry uses oxygen to burn off impurities, such as carbon, sulfur, and phosphorus.In industries, oxyacetylene torches burn the gas, ethyne, in oxygen.
In its excited states it is responsible for the bright red and yellow-green colors of the aurora.Liquid and solid oxygen are pale blue.
Atomic NumberAtomic MassSymbolCarbonProtons: 6Neutrons: 6Electrons: 6Isotopes: 12C 13C 14CTiffany FreyCarbon In Industry rotating machinery & conducting electricity pencils jewelry grinding machines drill bits glass cutting fuels bikes & motorcycles Inks paints rubber products cores of dry cell batteries lubricantsObtaining CarbonCarbon is obtained by mining coal from deposits, and then processing it for further use.Role In Human BodyCarbon is the building material of life and all molecules made of carbon are called organic. Without it, life would not exist. 18% of the human body is carbon. It is key in holding our bodies together as well as keeping minerals inside of us. Many minerals actually contain carbon. Since carbon has the ability to form many different bonds, it creates compounds that our bodies need. One compound would be carbohydrates which provide us with energy. Proteins, fats and nucleic acids are also forms of carbon found in living organisms.
Interesting Facts Fourth most abundant element in the universe One of the oldest elements Made in the interiors of stars Origin of the name 'carbon' comes from the Latin word carbo, for charcoalCutler Cleveland. "Carbon". Encyclopedia of Earth. November 18, 2008. Web. 23 Feb. 2011. .
Tiffany FreyTiffany FreySulfur Cheyenne Boisselle
Basic InformationSubatomic Particles 16+16-16o
Isotopes 25 known isotopes, 4 of which are stable The naturally occurring isotopes are found in hot springs, meteorites, volcanoes, and salt domes
How its Used in IndustrySulfuric acid is used to make fertilizers, adhesives, animal feed, cement, explosives, glass, fumigants, matches, and organic chemicals.
Role in the Human BodySulfur helps cells, seen as a nutrient.25% of body weight is sulfur
For the Human BodyUsed in lotions and creamsIngredient in many treatment medication for skin disorders
How its Obtained by HumansThrough food such as garlic and onionsElement itself is found in deposits buried underground
Type of MacromoleculeUsed in making proteins, two different amino acids contain sulfur:Methionine + Cysteine
http://www.buzzle.com/articles/uses-of-sulfur.htmlhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SulfurNitrogen by Corrin DylnickiSymbol: N
Boiling Point: -195.8 C
Melting Point: -209.9 C
Has 7 Protons, Neutrons, and Electrons
Hexagonal Crystal Structure
Density is 1.2506 g/cm3
Has no color
Four Isotopes N-13 with a half-life of 9.97 minutesN-14 which is stable (natural)N-15 which is stable (natural)N-16 with a half-life of 7.13 secondshttp://www.saschameinrath.com/files/Dewar%20of%20Liquid%20Nitrogen.jpg
http://www.chemicalelements.com/Discovered by Daniel Rutherford in 1772Nitrogen forms most of the atmosphereUsed for ammonia, fertilizer and other various chemicalsLiquid Nitrogen is used to protect such documents as the Declaration of Independence It is one of the 3 main elements in plant lifeSometimes used as a refrigerant
The body uses Nitrogen in digestion and growth, it is also contained in 80% of the air we breathe Nitrogen is important to protein moleculesProtein is the building material of cellsNitrogen is also used to make nucleic acidsForms nitrogenous base of DNA
Nitrogen is contained in many foods such as cereal, spaghetti, and cookies
Symbol: PAtomic Number: 15Atomic Weight: 30.97376Protons: 15Neutrons: 16Electrons: 15There are no known naturally occurring isotopes.Phosphorus-31 is the only type find in nature
Phosphorus UsesRole in Human Body:Makes up large portion of cell membrane (phospholipids)Found in nucleic acids (macromolecule), energy compounds, and bones.Is necessary for muscle growth, to metabolize protein, calcium, and glucose (sugar), bone and tooth formation, cell growth, and kidney function.85% of phosphorus in the human body is found in the skeletal system.Maintains the bodys pH level (acidity).We obtain it through dairy products, eggs, nuts, seeds, and meat.Industrial Uses:Has a variety of uses:Used in match heads, military smokescreen, insecticides, rodenticides, fireworks, additives for petroleum products, and much more.