Nerma, Diplomski Rad ISPRAVKA

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    FAKULTET ZA POSLOVNE STUDIJE I PRAVOBeograd

    DIPLOMSKI RAD

    Ratni zloini a !oe"ni# o$rto# na zloine !roti$%i$ilnog tano$ni&t$a

    Mentor: Student:Prof. dr Milan Miloevi Nerma Agovi

    Bro inde!"a: I#$%$&'(

    Beograd) %#'$.

    Sadr'a(

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    Ratni *lo+ini "a ,o"e-nim o"vrtom na *lo+ine ,rotiv ivilnog "tanovnitva

    A-"tra!t rada................................................................................................................3

    /vod............................................................................................................................4

    '. M01ODOLO2I3A RADA.............................................................................................6

    '.'. Predmet rada...................................................................................................6

    '.%. 4il i *adai rada...............................................................................................6'.(. 5i,oteti+!i o!vir rada.........................................................................................6

    '.6. Svr7a rada.......................................................................................................7

    '.$. Stru!tura rada...................................................................................................7

    %. /OP810 O M09/NARODNIM KR1I;NIM D0LIMA.....................................................8

    (. RA1NI

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    Ratni *lo+ini "a ,o"e-nim o"vrtom na *lo+ine ,rotiv ivilnog "tanovnitva

    Ratni *lo+in ,rotiv ivilnog "tanovnitva ,red"tavla ta!av o-li! !rivi+nog dela)gde "u radne i*vrena ta!"ativno na-roane u K< RS) a ,ored ,redu*imana ti7 radni,otre-no e i ,o"toane odre=enog o-e!tivnog u"lova in!riminaie) a to e da dola*i Ido !reena odre=eni7 me=unaro=ni7 ,ravila. Ova *lo+in mo>e -iti i*vren "amo *avreme rata) oru>anog "u!o-a ili o!u,aie) !ao i u u"lovima gra=an"!og rata t. !ad

    oru>ani "u!o- nema me=unarodni !ara!ter. Na+in i*vrena ratnog *lo+ina "a"toi "e unare=ivanu *a-raneni7 radni ili u i*vrenu ta!vi7 radni) !oe radne "u ,o-roane u+lanu K< SR. I*vriia ratnog *lo+ina ,rotiv ivilnog "tanovnitva e lie !oe e i*dalonare=ene *a i*vrene radni navedeni7 u *a!onu i lie !oe e ovo nare=ene i*vrilo.rtva !rivi+nog dela e ivilno "tanovnitvo. 4ivil ili ivilno "tanovnitvo e "va!o lie !oenie ,ri,adni! oru>ani7 "naga) niti ima "tatu" -ora.

    O"novni *atitni o-e!t *lo+ina ,rotiv ivilnog "tanovnitva e"te +ove+no"t ime=unarodna ,ravila) to ,roi*ila*i i* na"lova glave u !ome "u "adr>ana ova !rivi+andela u K< RS. Ka!o "va!o lud"!o -ie ima ,ravo da ra",ola>e "vim lud"!im ,ravima I"lo-odama) *ato "e +ove+no"t !ao o"novno ,ravo mora ,otovati) !a!o ne -i dolo do!rena ovi7 lud"!i7 ,rava I "lo-oda. 1o ,o"e-no va>i *a ivile u ovom !rivi+nom delu)

    er oni ,red"tavlau *atitni o-e!t !od ovog ratnog *lo+ina. Ono to >eli da "e *atitiovim !rivi+nim delom e"te +ove+no"t) odno"no do-ro ili vredno"t od o,tegivili*ai"!og intere"a !oi "u od ,o"e-no *na+aa !a!o *a elu me=unarodnu*aedniu) ta!o i *a +ove+no"t) er "u to ona do-ra u !oa ula*i >ivot) tele"ni integritet)*dravle +ove!a) do"toan"tvo li+no"ti) "va *agarantovna lud"!a ,rava i "lo-ode i "l.no ,o"toane ovog o-li!a !rivi+nog dela u "vim *a!onodav"tvima) !a!o u-ivo 3ugo"lavii ta!o i u "vim dr>avama "veta.

    Kl(*ne ri(ei+ ratni *lo+ini) ivilno "tanovnitvo) me=unarodna i lud"!a ,rava)+ove+no"t) me=unarodna ,ravila) -iva 3ugo"lavia)

    SU,,AR-

    Car rime again"t ivilian" re,re"ent t7i" !ind of rime) 7ere t7e at" ofommi""ion ",eifiallE na-roane t7e 44 RS) in addition to ta!ing t7o"e ation"nee""arE to t7e eFi"tene of ertain o-etive ondition" inrimination) and t7at i" t7ate ome to violation" ertain international rule". 17i" rime an -e eFeuted onlE intime of ar) armed onflit or ou,ation) a" ell a" in term" of t7e ivil ar t7at. 7enan armed onflit not of an international 7arater. 17e manner of eFeution of a arrime on"i"t" in ordering ,ro7i-ited at" or in t7e ,erformane of "u7 ation") 7i7ation" are li"ted in Setion 44 SR. 17e ,er,etrator of ar rime" again"t t7e ivilian,o,ulation i" t7e ,er"on 7o i""ued t7e order" for t7e eFeution of t7e ation" li"ted int7e la and t7e ,er"on 7o ommitted t7i" order. A vitim of rime in t7e ivilian,o,ulation. 4ivilian or ivilian ,o,ulation to anE ,er"on 7o i" not a mem-er of t7earmed fore") nor 7a" t7e "tatu" of a flg7ter.

    17e main o-et of ,rotetion again"t rime ivil ,o,ulation i" 7umanitE andinternational rule") 7i7 "tem" from t7e title of t7e 7ead in 7i7 i" ontained t7e,enal,art of t7e 44RS. A" everE 7uman -eing 7a" t7e rig7t to di",o"e of all 7umanrig7t" andfiGeedom") -eau"e t7e 5umanitE a" a fundamental rig7t mu"t -e re",eted inorder to ,revent violation" of t7e"e rig7t" and freedom". 17i" i" e",eiallE true for

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    Ratni *lo+ini "a ,o"e-nim o"vrtom na *lo+ine ,rotiv ivilnog "tanovnitva

    ivilian" in t7i" riminal at) -eau"e t7eE are t7e o-et of ,rotetion in t7i" ar rime.C7at e ant to ,rotet t7i" offen"e i" 5/MANI1H) or good) or t7e value of t7e generalivili*ation of intere"t t7at are of ,artiular "ignifiane for t7e 7ole of t7e internationalommunitE and for 7umanitE) and -eau"e t7eE are good at it t7at enter" 7uman life),7E"i.al integritE) 7ealt7 7uman dignitE of ,er"onalitE) all guaranteed 7uman rig7t" and

    freedom" and t7e li!e. 17erefore it i" nee""arE t7e eFi"tene of t7i" tE,e of rime in alluri"dition") -ot7 in t7e former Hugo"lavia and in all ountrie" of t7e orld.

    Ke./ord+ar rime") t7e ivilian ,o,ulation) international and 7uman rig7t")7umanitE) international rule") t7e former Hugo"lavia.

    U$od

    ivot e na*na+ania vredno"t +ove!a !oa dae o"nov i "mi"ao "vim o"talim

    vredno"tima !oe +ove! ima. S toga e u "va!om ivili*ai"!om drutvu ,ravo na >ivotna*na+anie lud"!o ,ravo. A!o "e *a lud"!a ,rava mo>e "matrati da "u ,rirodna,rava +ove!a onda "e to na,re mo>e tvrditi *a ,ravo na >ivot. / tom "mi"lu "vi ,ravnido!umenti !oima "e ,ro!lamuu ,rava gra=ana odno"no lud"!a ,rava) definiu i,otvr=uu ovo ,ravo) a u"tavi "avremeni7 dr>ava u odred-ama o ,ravima +ove!a i"ti+u,ravo na >ivot !ao ,rvo me=u ,ravima gra=ana. Sva!o ,ro!lamovano i ,ri*nato ,ravoima "vou ,ravu vredno"t "amo onda a!o e efi!a"no ,ravno *atieno. ivot mora od "trane ,ravnog ,oret!a -iti *atieno odgovarauim ,ravnim merama) a" o-*irom na i*u*etnu va>no"t toga ,rava) i !rivi+no&,ravna *atita) !ao naa+i vid,ravne *atite) mora -iti na odgovaraui na+in ,o"tavlena.

    Na!on dugogodineg i"tori"!og ra*voa) te! e u %#.ve!u na"tala nova namla=a

    grana !a*nenog) odno"no !rivi+nog ,rava & me=unarodno !rivi+no ,ravo !oe "e ,o"voo ,ravnog ,rirodi i !ara!teri"ti!ama nala*i i*me=u naionalnog !rivi+nog ,rava ime=unarodnog avnog ,rava *adr>avaui "vou "amo"talno"t. Kao o"novni ina*na+anii ,oam i in"titute ove grane ,rava e"te ,red"tavlane me=unarodnog!rivi+nog dela ili me=unarodni *lo+ini. /*imau *a o"nov definiiu !riv+nog dela unaionalnom ,ravu) me=unarodno !rvi+no delo mo>emo defini"ati !ao o,a"no),rotiv,ravno delo vinog +ove!a !oe e ,ro,i"ano !ao !rivi+no delo I *a +ieg e u+inioa,ro,i"ana odre=ena !a*na. Na o"novu ove defmiie mo>emo i*dvoiti "ledee o"novneelemente me=unarodnog !rivi+nog dela) a u !oe u-raamo "ledee:

    Delo +ove!aJ

    Drutvena o,a"no"t) Protiv,ravno"tJ Odre=eno"t dela u ,ro,i"ima I ino"t u+inioa.

    / naem ,ravnom "i"temu me=unarodna !rivi+na dela "u ,redvi=ena uKrivi+nom *a!oni!u) i to ,od na*ivom: Krivi+na dela ,rotiv +ove+no"ti i drugi7 do-ara*atieni7 me=unarodnim ,ravom. O"novna !ara!teri"ti!a ovi7 !rivi+ni7 dela e"te!rene me=unarodnig ugovora) ",ora*uma i !onvenia) i naruava ili ugro>ava mir

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    Ratni *lo+ini "a ,o"e-nim o"vrtom na *lo+ine ,rotiv ivilnog "tanovnitva

    me=u narodima) -e*-edno"t +ove+an"tva) odno"no druge me=unarodnim ,ravom*atiene vredno"ti) ili !oima "e !re ratna ,ravila o ,onaanu *araeni7 "trana ,remaratnim *aro-leniima) raneniima) -ole"niima I ivilnom "tanovnitvu.

    Kao edno od !rivi+ni7 dela !oa ",adau u ve ,omenutu gru,u !rivi+ni7 dela unaem *a!onodavnom "i"temu e"te !rivi+no delo ratni *lo+ini. Ono to e !ara!teri"it!a

    *a na ,ravni "i"tem e"te)to emo u dalem te!"tu rada videti "amo ratne *lo+ineona!o !a!o e to ,ro,i"ano u me=unarodnim do!umentima) ve on vri ,odelu ratni7*lo+ina I to uglavnom " o-*irom na ,a"ivni "u-e!t) a gde i*me=u o"talog ,o"toi I ratni*lo+in ,rotiv ivilnog "tanovnitva.

    Ratni *lo+in ,red"tavla "va!u naro+ito te!u ,ovredu ,ravila li o-i+aa rata) !oa"u !ao ta!va dela odre=ena odgovarauim me=unarodno ,ravnim a!tom. / radneratnog *lo+ina "e u-raau "ledeeJ u-i"tvo) *lo"tavlane ili odvo>ene na ,rinudni rad ilina !oi drugi il ivilnog "tanovnitva o!u,irane teritorie ili u o!u,iranu teritoriuJ u-i"tvoili *lo"tavlane ratni7 *aro-leni!a ili lia na moruJ u-iane talaaJ ,la+!ane avne ili,rivatne imovine i namerno ra*arane gradova) varoi ili "ela ili ,u"toene neo,ravdanovonim ,otre-ama. Kao to mo>emo videti na o"novu ove definiie !oa e ,ri7vaena u

    Nir-er!om "udu i Rim"!om "tatutu) na *a!onodava e i*vrio ,odelu ratni7 *lo+ina) ito na ta!av na+in da "va ,redvi=ena me=unarodna ,ravila va>e i *a nae ,ravo i o-li!eratni7 *lo+ina.

    Imaui u vidu ,red7odno re+eno) u ovom di,lm"!om radu u ,red"taviti "vena*na+anie in"titute i ,omove !oi "e ve*uu *a ,oam ratni7 *lo+ina. 1a!o=e) !ro*teren"!o i"tra>ivane ,utem u,itni!a) odno"no an!ete !oi e "a"tavni deo ovog rada>elim da utvrdim !a!vo milene imau gra=ani !ada e u ,itanu ova i*u*etnointere"antna tema.

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