Learning about Nutrition (Carla - guest speaker)

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  • 1.


  • All about the study of food and how our bodies use food as fuel for growth and daily activities.


  • The macronutrients, or "big" nutrients include proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. The micronutrients, or "little" nutrients are the vitamins and minerals that we need to be healthy.

4. 5.

  • Includessugar ,starch , andfiber .
  • Sugars and starches are needed for the energy that your body needs to function.
  • Extra carbohydrates are converted to fat.


  • Necessary for building the tissues in your body including all of the muscles, organs, skin and the parts of the immune system.
  • Your body can use extra protein for energy or can convert it to fat.


  • Needed for the membranes that surround all the cells in your body, for normal brain and nerve function and for signalling hormones.
  • Just like protein, the extra fat can be used as fuel for the body or can be stored as fat.

8. 9.

  • 12 vitamins and 13 minerals that we need every day
  • Vitamins are grouped as water-soluble or fat-soluble depending on whether they can dissolve in fat or water.


  • Major minerals include calcium, phosphorus, chloride, magnesium, potassium and sodium.
  • These minerals are particularly important for healthy bones, teeth, muscles and fluid balance in the body


  • The trace minerals are chromium, copper, fluoride, iodine, iron, selenium and zinc.
  • Your body needs all of these minerals for a variety of processes to keep it working.

12. 13.

  • "Phyto" refers to plants. Many differentphytonutrientsare found only in plants.
  • Many of these natural chemicals are found in the colorful skins and flesh of fruits and vegetables.


  • Phytonutrients have a variety of functions in the body. Some of them may function asantioxidantsthat protect the cells in our bodies fromfree radical damage .


  • We don't know exactly how many of these different phytonutrients we need, however a healthy diet including at leastfiveservings of fruits and colorful vegetables every day will supply your body with lots of phytonutrients.

16. When taken in correct amounts and regularly, vitamins are responsible for good health and vitality, energy, growth, and longevity. 17.

  • Provides the required stimulation for vision in the retina
  • Also required for growth, reproduction, and the maintenance of life.
  • Prevents and clears up infection of the skin
  • Prevents premature ageing and senility

18. 19. Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) Vitamin B3 (Niacin) Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid) Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) Vitamin B8 (Biotin) Vitamin B9 (Folic Acid) Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin) Choline Inositol 20.

  • Plays an important role in the normal functioning of the entire nervous system
  • Promotes growth, protects heart muscle, and stimulates brain action.
  • Prevents constipation
  • Reduces fatigue, increases stamina
  • Increases mental alertness

21. 22.

  • Promotes a healthy skin, nails, and hair
  • Alleviates eye strain
  • Helps preserve the appearance and feeling of youth
  • Prevents constipation

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  • Important for proper blood circulation
  • Dilates the blood vessels and increases the flow of blood to the capillary system
  • Maintains healthy skin
  • Helps in heart-related disorders, high blood pressure, and high blood cholesterol

25. 26.

  • Involved in all the vital functions of the body
  • Primarily used as an anti-stress factor and protects against most physical and mental stresses and toxins
  • Wards off infection
  • Speeds recovery from ill health
  • Anti-grey hair vitamin


  • Organ meats
  • Mushrooms
  • Avocados
  • Broccoli
  • Whole grains


  • Prevents nervous and skin disorders
  • Provides protection against high cholesterol levels, heart disease, and diabetes
  • Prevents hemorrhoids
  • Essential for normal reproductive process and healthy pregnancies
  • Beneficial in treating morning or travel sickness

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  • Involved in metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats
  • Essential for the growth and health of the hair. Prevents premature greying of hair as well as hair loss.


  • Widespread in food
  • Organ meats
  • Egg yolks
  • Soybeans
  • Fish
  • Whole grains
  • Also produced by GI bacteria


  • Necessary for growth and division of all body cells
  • Helps in building antibodies, which prevent and heal infections
  • Essential in health of skin and hair. Prevents premature greying of the hair
  • Singlemost important nutrient for a pregnant woman and her fetus
  • Improves lactation

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  • Essential for the regeneration of red blood cells
  • Improves concentration, memory, and balance
  • Relieves irritability
  • Promotes growth and increases appetite in children


  • Animal products (meat, fish, poultry, shellfish, milk, cheese, eggs)
  • Fortified cereals


  • Prevents accumulation of fats in the liver
  • Aids in memory
  • May help in treating nephritis, liver damage, high blood pressure, and heart disease


  • Milk
  • Liver
  • Egg
  • Peanuts


  • Promotes the growth of healthy hair and helps to prevent its falling
  • Lowers cholesterol levels as well


  • Widespread in foods


  • Needed for buoyant health, vitality, and endurance
  • Ensures clear skin, fresh complexion, and healthy gums and teeth
  • Promotes healing and protects against all forms of stress
  • Protects against effects of toxic chemicals in the environment, food, and water and counteracts the toxic effect of drugs

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  • For the healthy functioning of the parathyroid glands (Calcium levels)
  • Prevention of dental caries


  • Sunlight
  • Fortified milk, margarine, butter, cereals
  • Veal, beef
  • Egg yolks
  • Liver
  • Fatty fish (Salmon and sardines)


  • Protects the functioning of cells and the intracellular processes
  • Essential for normal reproductive functions, fertility, and vigour
  • Dissolves blood colts and also prevents their formation
  • Prevents formation of excessive scar tissue
  • Promotes urine secretion


  • Prevention of heart disease, asthma and arthritis
  • Beneficial in treating dysmenorrhea
  • Beneficial during menopause. Relieves hot flushes, mental tension, sleeplessness,and other symptoms
  • May be used in the treatment of varicose veins


  • Plant oils (margarine, salad dressings)
  • Leafy green vegetables
  • Whole grains
  • Liver
  • Egg yolks
  • Nuts
  • Seeds


  • Prevents internal bleeding and hemorrhages
  • Important for normal functioning of the liver


  • Bacterial synthesis in the GI
  • Liver
  • Green vegetables
  • Cabbage-type vegetables
  • Milk

49. Carla Ysabella L. Bonifacio November 9, 2008