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  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    Click to edit Master title style

    Click to edit Master text styles Second level

    Third level Fourth level

    Fifth level

    1

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    Quality in eLearning Standards and IMS

    Learning DesignDaniel Burgos

    Educational Technology Expertise Centre (OTEC)[email protected]

    www.open.ou.nl/dbu

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    Part I: Quality and eLearning standardization

    Part II: Quality and IMS Learning Design

    Part III: State of the art on IMS Learning Design

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    The eLearning standards and the educational modeling languages seen from outside

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    Part I:Quality and eLearning

    standardization

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    What is Quality?

    In norm ISO 8402, quality is defined as the totality of characteristics of an entity that bear on its ability to satisfy stated and implied needs

    Entity and stakeholders

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    Target groups in eLearning specifications

    Students

    Teachers

    Learning designers

    System developers

    Content providers

    Standardization bodies

    Vendors

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    What are standards? An analogy

    Think about

    different plugs around the world

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    The standardization process

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    Specification versus Standard

    Validation and launch(ISO, BSI, CEN, IEEE)

    Com

    pany

    Inst

    itute

    Inde

    pend

    ent

    inst

    itutio

    n

    There is a need in industry or users

    There is a regulation to face the need

    Tools and environments are generated

    Debugging and programming. New releases

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    Standarization bodies

    IMS Global Learning Consortium.Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL).European Centre for Standards/Information Society Standardisation System Learning Technologies Workshop (CEN/ISSS WS-LT).Dublin Core Metadata Initiative.Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) LearningTechnology Standards Committee (LTSC).International Standards Organisation (ISO) Sub Committee 36 (SC 36).AFNOR, et cetera

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    eLearning specifications

    SCORMDublin Core Metadata

    IMS Simple SequencingIMS Content Packaging

    IMS Question and Test InteroperabilityIMS Learning Design

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    Why do we need specifications and standardsin eLearning

    A teacher makes some content

    The teacher adapts the content online

    (s)He integrates the content with the platform

    Validation and use

    Change of platform, player, editor...

    WIH

    TOU

    T sp

    ecic

    iatio

    n

    Pro

    blem

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    Why do we need specifications andstandards in eLearning

    A teacher makes some content

    The teacher adapts the content online

    (s)He integrates the content with the platform

    Validation and use

    Change of platform, player, editor...

    WIH

    T sp

    ecic

    iatio

    n

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    1. They prevent content becoming locked in to proprietary systems

    2. Ensure educational content can be reused3. Enable educational content & learner information to be

    shared4. Facilitate interoperability5. Enable users to search for, locate and retrieve appropriate

    content6. Share content between systems7. Create and deliver computer aided assessments8. Record and share learner information9. Ensure educational content is accessible to all users10.Improve the research and the quality

    Why do we need specificationsand standards in eLearning

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    Main contribution of a spec to eLearning quality: Interoperability of content, structures and technology

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    administration

    learning resources

    competencies

    registry/authority course

    delivery system /

    vle

    student

    pedagogy

    tests & assessmentactivities

    dialogueteacher

    repository

    Original diagram by C. Duncan

    repository

    Where could the quality be improved in the eLearning process?

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    Where could the quality be improved in the eLearning process?

    administration

    learning resources

    competencies

    registry/authority course

    delivery system /

    vle

    student

    pedagogy

    tests & assessmentactivities

    dialogueteacher

    repository repositoryIMS

    Competency Definition

    Meta-data

    IMS ContentPackaging

    IMSQTI

    IMS Enterprise

    IMS LIP

    IMS DRI

    IMS Simple

    Sequencing(draft)

    IMS Learning Design IMS

    DRI

    Original diagram by C. Duncan

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    Architecture of an eLearning specification and Quality

    LD PlayerRun toolRepository Unit ofLearningRun

    Authoring Learner & Staff Administration

    Uni

    t of

    Lear

    ning

    Lear

    ner &

    st

    aff d

    etai

    ls

    Design time Run time

    Portal

    Learningservices

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    Part II: Quality and IMS Learning Design

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    What is IMS Learning Design?

    An eLearning specification

    to model Units of Learning

    in an interoperable way

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    Levels in IMS Learning Design

    Users, learning activities, support activities, environments, resources, method, plays, acts, roles

    External resources, links and services (forums, chats...)

    Properties, conditions, calculations, global elements and monitoring services

    NotificationsCB

    A

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    Example IMS LD Unit of Learning

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    IMS Learning Design, from 2003 to 2007

    2003

    RawSpec

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    IMS Learning Design, from 2003 to 2007

    2003 2004

    RawSpec

    AwarenessRising

    Generaldissemination

    Engine

    Level A

    Example UoL

    Prototypes

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    IMS Learning Design, from 2003 to 2007

    2003 2004 2005

    RawSpec

    AwarenessRising

    Generaldissemination

    Engine

    TechnicalEditing Tools

    Level A Levels A, B, C

    Rough Players

    Specificdissemination

    Generalfacilitation

    Example UoL

    Prototypes

    UoL Templates

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    2003 2004 2005 2006-07

    RawSpec

    AwarenessRising

    Generaldissemination

    Engine

    TechnicalEditing Tools

    Level A Levels A, B, C Levels A, B, C

    Rough Players

    Specificdissemination

    Generalfacilitation

    User-centeredEditing Tools

    Kind Players

    Adaptation

    Inductivedissemination

    Example UoL Learningscenarios

    Prototypes

    UoL Templates Templates

    IMS Learning Design, from 2003 to 2007

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    2006-07

    Quality in IMS Learning Design

    Levels A, B, C New releases of the Spec Std bodies

    Learningscenarios

    Templates Development of UoLs Designers, teachers

    User-centeredEditing Tools

    Developers, vendors, teachers, designers

    Tools

    Inductivedissemination All stakeholdersLearning Networks

    AdaptationDesigners, std bodies, developers,

    Tools

    Kind PlayersDesigners, teachers, developers, vendors

    Tools

    Outcomes Stakeholders

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    Authoring: Quality in the life-cycle of a Unit of Learning

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    From teaching to an online Unit of Learning

    Start

    End

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    Narrative

    Lesson plan

    Resources

    Modelling

    Implementing

    Publishing

    Running

    html, avi, swf editors

    LD editor

    Revision

    LD engine & LD viewer

    Life-cycle Unit of Learning

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    Narrative

    Lesson plan

    Resources

    Modelling

    Implementing

    Publishing

    Running

    html, avi, swf editors

    LD editor

    Revision

    LD engine & LD viewer

    Life-cycle Unit of Learning

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    Part III: State of the art on IMS Learning Design

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    Current state of IMS LD: Research hot topics

    Learning Networks

    Interoperability

    Adaptation in eLearning

    Educational eGames

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    Thematic and exogeneusLearning Networks

    Community

    1

    Community

    2

    Community

    3

    Theme

    Theme

    Theme

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    Theme

    Thematic and exogeneus Learning Networks

    Community

    1

    SubTheme

    Community

    2

    Community

    3

    Community

    4

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    IMS LD is embedded in IMS CPIMS CP, new release along 2006

    Package

    Manifest

    Physical Files

    The actual content: HTML, Media, Activity descriptions, Collaboration

    and other files

    Meta-data

    Organizations:Organization

    Resources:Resource

    (sub)Manifest

    Unit of Learning

    Manifest

    Physical Files

    The actual content: HTML, Media, Activity descriptions, Collaboration

    and other files

    Meta-data

    Organizations:Learning Design

    Resources:Resource

    (sub)Manifest

    IMS Learning Design and IMS Content Packaging

    Regular IMSContent Package

    IMS LDUnit of Learning

    Interoperability inter-sytems-specs

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    IMS LD and Moodle

    Moodle will export a course to anIMS LD Unit of Learning along 2006

    Moodle will integrate in 2006-2007 the importation facility

    Moodle can link to SLED player toplay UoLs

    Learning objectResource: Link to website

    Learning objectResource: Link to file

    Learning objectResource: Label

    -Resource: Directory

    Learning objectResource

    ExternalActivity: Workshop

    ExternalActivity: Survey

    No matchActivity: Scorm

    -Activity: Quiz

    -Activity: Glossary

    Asynchronous conference (conference-type)

    Activity: Forum

    Synchronous conference (conference-type)

    Activity: Chat

    Activity DescriptionSummary of Topic

    Learning activity (first one)

    Topic 0

    Learning activityTopic

    roles:staff:titleSetting: Your word for Teachers

    roles:learner:titleSetting: Your word for Students

    LD learning objectivesSetting: summary

    Activity Structure:IsVisible

    Setting: Hidden sections

    Title of PlaySetting: Short name

    Title of Learning DesignSetting: Full name

    1 UoL, 1 play, 1 act, 1 activity structure (type selection)

    Full course

    IMS LD structureMoodle feature-component

    Interoperability inter-sytems-specs

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    IMS LD and Scorm

    Some research to communicate IMS LD and SCORM using CopperCore

    LD Player

    SCORM Player at www.Scormserver.org

    IMS Content Package

    (UoL)LD editor

    SCORM Package

    SCORMeditor

    Running SCO

    Running UoL

    design time run time

    RESOURCE href=www.scormserver.org/sco345

    Minimal integration: link to a SCORM player

    Interoperability inter-sytems-specs

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    IMS LD and external communication with others

    Sending values via a dispatcherLink without sendingvalues

    Interoperability inter-sytems-specs

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    Re-purposing Educational eGames

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTECSet of rules

    Teacher/s

    Learner/s

    Personal decision

    Behavior

    Personal decision

    Behavior

    Adaptive eLearning Model Layout

    Knowledge

    Learning style

    Learning designer

    System

    Method

    Roles

    Inputs

    1. Who is the final decision maker?

    2. How much is theweight of each?

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    Projects on research hot topics

    Learning Networks:

    TENCompetence, www.tencompetence.orgLearning Network for Learning Design, moodle.learningnetworks.orgiCamp, www.icamp-project.org

    Adaptive eLearning and professional learning:

    ProLearn, www.prolearn-project.org

    Interoperability:

    Telcert, www.opengroup.org/telcertUnfold, www.unfold-project.net

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    Tools on IMS LD

    CopperCore, www.coppercore.org

    Reload Project, www.reload.ac.uk

    Sled, http://sled.open.ac.uk

    IMS Specifications, www.imsglobal.org

    Moodle, http://moodle.org

    CopperAuthor, www.copperauthor.org

    Cosmos Tool

    ASK LDT

    netUniversit, dotLRN, et cetera

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    Summary: Quality in eLearning specificationsand IMS Learning Design

    eLearning specifications and standards provide and claim for qualityin:

    - Research hot topics: interoperability, learning networks, adaptiveeLearning, re-purpose of eGames

    - New versions and reviews of specifications

    - Development of tools

    - Authoring process of Units of Learning

  • Video

    E-Quality Seminar, Szczecin, Poland. Sept 21st-22nd, 2006

    OpenUniversiteitNederlandOTEC

    A few ways to say the same thing

    Thank youYenkoheDank je

    Muito obrigadoDanke

    Molto grazieDomo arigato

    MerciSpasiva

    TackSche-scheHvala lepa

    MerciMoltes gracies

    DiolchGracias

    Daniel Burgoswww.open.ou.nl/dbu

    Questionsand

    contributions?