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    The Connected and Automated Vehicle Initiative in Florida

    Trey Tillander, P.E. Director, Traffic Engineering & Operations Office Florida DOT

    AASHTO SCOTE Annual Meeting June 26, 2017

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    Agenda

    • Florida’s Autonomous Vehicle Regulatory Environment

    • Florida’s Connected and Automated Vehicles (CAV) History

    • Connected Vehicles (CV) Projects in Planning

    • CV Projects in Design/Implementation

    • Operational CV Project

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    Florida’s Autonomous Vehicle Regulatory Environment

    • 2012 Law Enactment (FS 316.003, 316.85, 316.86, 319.145)

     Defined “autonomous vehicle” as a vehicle that can drive without active control or monitoring by a human

     Required autonomous vehicle to have a means to alert the operator of a technology failure and for the operator to take control of the vehicle

     Required an autonomous vehicle to meet federal motor vehicle standards and NHTSA regulations

     Allowed autonomous vehicles to be operated on roads by persons with a valid drivers license and designated by manufacturers of autonomous technology for testing

     Required human operator to be in vehicle unless on a closed course

     Required $5M insurance or bond prior to testing an autonomous vehicle

     Limited liability of the vehicle manufacturer

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    Florida’s Autonomous Vehicle Regulatory Environment

    • 2016 amendment to FS 316.85, 316.86, 319.145, 339.175, 339.64

     Removed restrictions of operators to manufacturers of autonomous technology

     Removed requirement for human operator to be present in vehicle for testing purposes

     Removed insurance/bond requirement

     Added requirement for the autonomous vehicle to be capable of bringing the vehicle to a stop if the operator is not able to

     Added requirements that MPO Long-Range Transportation Plans and FDOT’s Strategic Intermodal System Plan must consider autonomous technology

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    Florida’s Autonomous Vehicle Regulatory Environment

    • 2017 amendment to FS 316.85 (House Bill died)

     Would have removed a requirement that the person operating a vehicle in autonomous mode possess a valid driver's license

     Instead, the autonomous technology would have been deemed the licensed entity

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    Florida’s Long CAV History

    • 1992 – TravTek Operational Field Test in Orlando

     Public/private partnership with AAA, GM, AVIS

     Tested 5 alternatives for visual and audible navigation assistance, route guidance, and real-time information

     Orlando TMC and 1,200 square mile traffic network

     100 vehicles and approximately 4,000 drivers

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    Florida’s Long CAV History

    • 1996 – ITS World Congress in Orlando

    • 2003 – iFlorida Model Deployment

     Expanded and integrated existing data collection and monitoring systems

     Used data operationally to improve transportation systems security, safety, reliability, performance, and traveler information dissemination

     On-board alarm system on buses that transmitted video back to the operations center

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    Florida’s CAV History

    • 2011 – ITS World Congress in Orlando

    • FDOT Demonstrated CV technologies to the ITS World Congress participants  Orlando region

     I-4, SR 528, John Young Parkway, International Drive, and Universal Boulevard

    • Technologies included  45 On-Board Units (OBU) to alert drivers – in buses and other

    vehicles

     26 Roadside Units (RSU) to broadcast messages

    • Demonstrated how this technology was integrated with the FDOT’s Orlando Regional Transportation Management Center (RTMC) with SunGuide® Software

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    Florida’s CV Projects/Initiatives

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    CV Projects Under Planning

    • University of Florida Accelerated Innovation Deployment (UF AID)

    • University of Florida Test Bed (UF Test Bed)

    • Gainesville SPaT Trapezium

    • Central Florida Autonomous Vehicle (AV) Proving Ground

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    University of Florida Accelerated Innovation Deployment

    • FDOT applied for 2017 Accelerated Innovation Deployment (AID) Demonstration grant application in April

    • University of Florida (UF) and City of Gainesville connected vehicle pilot project  Thirteen traffic signals around UF campus

     Seven mid-block crossings

     Passive pedestrian/bicyclist detection at all locations via detection technologies

     Real-time notification to transit, motorists, and pedestrians/bicyclists

     SPaT data broadcasting w/active pedestrian/bicyclist detection via RSU Traffic Signals (13)Mid-block Crossings (7)

    Project Corridor

    Legend

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    University of Florida Test Bed

    • UF Test Bed Partners

     Florida Department of Transportation

     UF

     City of Gainesville

    • Intent

     To provide real-world test bed facility

     To collaborate with and assist developers to demonstrate and test a wide range of solutions

    • Test bed facilities range from freeways to high volume arterials with bike/pedestrian/scooter/skateboard applications

    • Request for Information (RFI) for desired technologies or applications to test for safety, mobility, and data management

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    Gainesville SPaT Trapezium

    • FDOT in partnership with City of Gainesville is developing a Request for Proposal (RFP) for the deploying CV technologies on 27 signals along four corridors forming trapezium around UF campus

    • Technologies to deploy and test  Roadside Units

     Onboard Units

     Software application (web based or smartphone application based) for pedestrian and bicyclist safety

    Traffic Signals (27) Project Corridor

    Legend

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    Central Florida AV Proving Ground

    • 2017 USDOT approved AV Proving Ground

    • Central Florida AV Partners 1. Florida’s Turnpike Enterprise (SunTrax)

    2. Florida Polytechnic University

    3. I-4 Ultimate (Districts 1 and 5)

    4. Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University (FAMU) and Florida State University (FSU)

    5. LYNX

    6. City of Orlando

    7. University of Central Florida (UCF)

    8. Central Florida Expressway (SR 528)

    9. NASA, Kennedy Space Center

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    CV Projects Under Design/Implementation

    • Tallahassee US 90 Signal Phase and Timing (SPaT)

    • I-75 Florida’s Regional Advanced Mobility Elements (FRAME)

    • Gainesville Autonomous Transit Innovation Connector (GATrIC)

    • Florida’s Turnpike Enterprise (FTE) SunTrax

    • Tampa-Hillsborough Expressway Authority (THEA) Co