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    Guna

    • Nirukti

    • Lakshana

    Guna pradanata • Vargikarana

    • Swaroopa

    • Karmukata

    • Guna Mahatwa

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    GUNA NIRUKTI The word GUNA is derived from the Dhatu Gunam. It is explained as

    “   गणयत आमनत र गयत थ   गणयत आमनयत लक अ इत ग :

     

    This means GUNA is the main factor or property of a Dravya y which it attracts every thin! in it or in other words which ma"es the Dravya to act. It is ecause of GUNA the Dravya is "nown and is exposed y its action. If there is no !una then the Dravya ecomes inactive and dull and it is un"nown. #$or e! If we ta"e an Iron rod it is dar" lac" in colour and heavy and metallic in nature. This means the iron rod has !ot dar" lac" colour

    and heavy y its properties. And we are identifyin!

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    GUNA LAXANA:-

     समवय त शचषट : करम ग : (Ch Su 115) GUNA is the one which is located in Dra!a inherentl! is the causatie

    a"ent and is deoid o# $ro$ert! and action% &t 'eans that GUNA itsel# hasno action ut it onl! uali#ies the Dra!a #or such action%

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     अथ द    रय रत : य ग  !  : षकरय : ग : (karikavalee) GUNA is the Dra!asra!a haa and itsel# alone

    has no action%

    वशवल" : ग :( * + Su 1,1.)  वशवम वक#रम $नम व$नम ल"म य% त

     वशवल" ग :( * + Su 1,1.)

    GUNA is a co'ination o# +ihina La/shanas and hence it cannot e e0$lained as a sin"le #or' or

    La/shana% he word +iswa i/irana2 3hinna

    and +ihinna are the e0non!'s o# Gunas%

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    Guna Pradanata

    • Rasabhibhava

    • Rasanugraha

    • Vipakakaranatwat

    • Sankyabahulyat

    • Prayogabahulyat

    • Karmabahulyat

    • Vishayabahulyat

    • Upadsha

    • !padsha

    • !numana

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    1%  *asahihaat

     

     रस$$   & व ग :  'वकय   (   व   ! त   ! यनत %  यथ )षदक%   शलषम% *रत म+ य   ! म$$   & य तथ ,टलशच 

      म*-,नचम   & ल% च त.तम/षणयद      वत% 0यत यद    य$$   & यत त'मद, र+% द     1 षटम% यथ $   ! 2यत रम

     इत %

    Guna su$ercedes the Rasas and there! e##ects the result or

    action% 4or e0a'$le  Jala increases Kapha Dosa owin" to natural Madura Rasa and Seeta Guna% 3ut the sa'e water

    when oiled the Ushna Guna su$ercedes the Madura Rasa and

    $aci#ies the Kapha%

     

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    3) *asanu"raha'

      ग    ण शतददभरन    ग रदहत य रसतष प रधयश    न      रसय ग    ण : प रधन इदत दवय : क श!यत

      नह"    व#$ पद#%&यदवभगत : "ध    रण ' रत   श र () दवपक *'वन $ . +दवधह" र    !व#$ 

      कषय"ध    रवयत +,*(व"*क श र- () दवपक

      *'वन $ . न!य    (ण!व" र    !व#$ नहनन    ग"दप . *वणन " रत श र (."दवह/$ सधव" .  " र    !व#$ ग    0!व#$ वतदप1प रकपणत. क)    कन

     " रत : श र () : दप2य&य ग    णस,प . व रष!व#$   ग    0!व#$ "0तयप रकपणत . दत3तन त    " रत   श र (. पद#%&यन $ क    *क" व रष!व 4 रहण!व#$

      दह3कय वतदनग रहत . कषयण " रत श र (.   दवदवध/$ ग    ण"   ध   :

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     %& Vipaka karanatwat  

     ग व,कय (  कर% #त'+,45ल 

      ग6व,कशच ल782यवदत#2   ल7व,क'यत . )))))))   रस% कय   ! व   ! 9 (  ,कय9 .  स च ,क गय9 इत यद,"य 

      अनय'य व र9'त'मत त'य (  , र+नय%   द    6षटम .  यथ )))  वयद   ! :+तमलम#   र 

    . व;.

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    D*UGS * D*A+6AS VIAKA 

    1.  Guru,Snigdha,Seeta,ichla Guna -------------- ---Guru !ipa"a

    #.  Laghu,$u"sha,%shna,ichila Guna -----------------Laghu !ipa"a  

    !$es o# +i$a/a ---- GUNA -------- Dosha ---------- 7ala/ar'a

    Guru !ipa"a guru, snigdha "apha vardhana srista vit mutra

    &Madhura' vata pitta samanam

    &brumhanam'

    laghu vipa"am laghu, ru"sha "apha samanam bhada vit mutra

    &"atu' vata pitta vardhana

      &langhanam'

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    *#Samkhya bahulyad   $R V Su %&%'(#

       रसय 4हव ग    ण     र() )  रस )  ष) "  ग    ण )  शदत " +&पय 4हव दवदश() इदत *कप रदस7"कक"    दण *

    $ र * व*5*558#

    Rasas ar only si+ in Nos Vrya ar

    mainly ' in Nos and Vipakas ar , inNos* -hil gunas ar (% in Nos *.hus Gunas ar mor important than Rasadis* 

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    (. ra!o"a #ahul!ad &$ ! Su 1)1#*'

      4ह   ध +यगपदरषकवगह9पण 

      शतय :पय    ;यत   ,  रसत      "     : & र . व [email protected]' $asa !aisishi"a +charya says that Gunas can

     be used both internally and eternally, the form %S+/+&"ashayas, +svas, avaleha, churna,

    guti"as'internally and eternally in the form of

    +bhyanga, +lepa, ichu, arishe"a etc. 0ut

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    +. Karma ahulyat()

    +नकक"    !वत   रसदसदहततष तष त1क"    दण 

      सह$य    करणनकक"    ण इदत * $ र * व  A*5*5BC# -ith rasas ths also a/t 0 b/aus o1 this it is Karmabahulyat  

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    ,. -ishaya ahulyat()   "हदवषय!वत $  र *  व*5*  55D #

    2asd on guna many no o1 dravyas /an b +plaind* So it is suprior

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    . Upadesha()   तष ग    9(णदनEध वतFन 

     इ!यद0पश ) $ र * व* 5*  5BG # 3vn in samhitas gunas prpard so gunas ar suprior

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    /.Apadesha()

    +प- श )4  तHण +य प    0ष "  " र    रय गत  इदत *  र *  व*5*5BG Somtims gunas b/om idntity o1

    drugs * 3+)4 h is smooth or h is rough 0 tough

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    01. Anumana() as lik by karana w /an in1r karya

    Lik Guna sht is vatakara" pittagna *Guna Usna is Pittakara" Kaphavatagna

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    Gunapradanata

    • Rasabibhava)4 supprss 5/t o1 rasa)4 usna 6ala

    0 sht 6ala • Rasanugraha)4 by 7ualitis rasa b/om

    important !malaki bst in amla " gh bst in madura

    • Vipakakarnatwat)4 gunas 1orm vipaka

    • Sankyabahulyat)4 mor in no than any 7uality

    • Prayogabahulyat)4 mor