Automatic Sprinkler System

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    1

    Automatic Sprinkler Systems

    Chapter 13

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    Ricky Phillips, Instructor 2

    Automatic Sprinkler Systems

    Most reliable fixed extinguishing system

    o reported multiple deaths in a

    completely sprinkled building

    Controls !"# of all fires $ith fi%e or

    fe$er sprinklers acti%ated

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    Ricky Phillips, Instructor 3

    Automatic Sprinkler System

    Consist of sprinkler heads

    & arranged to automatically distribute $ater

    directly to the fire

    'ater supplied through a system of

    piping

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    Ricky Phillips, Instructor (

    Two types of Sprinkler Coverage

    Complete )prinkler Co%erage

    & protects the entire building

    Partial )prinkler Co%erage

    & protects only certain areas

    * high ha+ards, exit routes, places reuired by

    code or -./

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    Ricky Phillips, Instructor 0

    NFPA 13

    )tandard for the Installation of )prinkler

    )ystems

    Reuirements on spacing, pipe si+e,

    and all details concerning the

    installation of sprinkler systems

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    Ricky Phillips, Instructor

    NFPA 13D

    )tandard for the Installation of )prinkler

    )ystems in ne and $o 4amily

    5$ellings and Mobile .omes

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    Ricky Phillips, Instructor !

    FM or ! !istings

    -ll parts of system regulated by

    & 4actory Mutual

    & 6nder$riters 7aboratories

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    Ricky Phillips, Instructor 8

    "ffects on !ife Safety

    7ife )afety is enhanced

    & fire is extinguished $ill small

    Combustion products are limited

    & extinguishment in incipient stage

    Presence is crucial in high9rise

    buildings

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    Ricky Phillips, Instructor :

    System Fun#amentals

    )prinklers

    )prinkler 5esign

    )prinkler )torage

    Control ;al%es

    'ater 4lo$ -larms 'ater )upply

    4ire 5epartment Connection

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    Ricky Phillips, Instructor 1"

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    Ricky Phillips, Instructor 11

    Sprinklers

    5ischarge $ater

    4usible 7ink

    uick Response

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    Ricky Phillips, Instructor 13

    Sprinkler Storage

    )torage Cabinet

    & extra heads

    & sprinkler $rench

    Changing sprinkler heads should only

    be performed by representati%es of the

    building?s occupants@

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    Ricky Phillips, Instructor 1(

    Control $alves

    )AB ;al%e

    Post Indicator ;al%e PI;D

    Post Indicator ;al%e -ssembly PI;-D

    perating ;al%es

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    Ricky Phillips, Instructor 10

    %aterflow Alarms

    .ydraulic or electrical

    $arn of $ater mo%ement in system

    .ydraulic alarm sounds local

    Electrical alarm sounds local and fire

    alarm system

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    Ricky Phillips, Instructor 1

    %ater Supply

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    Ricky Phillips, Instructor 1!

    Fire Department Connection

    Pro%ides outside source of $ater supply

    Consists of at least t$o 291F2G female

    connections or one 75. connection

    )upplied by pumper $ith minimum

    1,""" gpm pump or greater

    Minimum of t$o 291F2G lines

    P5P of 10" psi@

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    Ricky Phillips, Instructor 18

    Types of Systems

    'et9Pipe

    5ry9Pipe

    Pre9-ction

    5eluge

    Residential

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    Ricky Phillips, Instructor 1:

    %et&Pipe System

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    Ricky Phillips, Instructor 2"

    Dry&Pipe System

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    Ricky Phillips, Instructor 21

    Deluge System

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    Ricky Phillips, Instructor 22

    Pre&Action System

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    Ricky Phillips, Instructor 23

    'esi#ential System

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    Ricky Phillips, Instructor 2(

    Factors ( Consi#erations

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    Ricky Phillips, Instructor 20

    Controlling %ater Flow from a

    Sprinkler )ea#