Aladi May2 2005

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Transcript of Aladi May2 2005

  • T&C Trade Challengesfor Latin America

    The ATC EndedIs T&C a Normal Sector?

    Presentation by Mr. Matthias KNAPPEALADI Secretariat Montevideo, Uruguay, 25-26 May 2005

  • T&C is not (yet) a Normal Sector for BusinessPurely rules-related: T&C is a normal sector

    But:Non-optimal preparation for competition despite 10 years anticipationIndustry is swimming and a new competition wave is expected with DDAPresent concerns distract from DDANo special treatment anymore (1 classroom)

  • StructureT&C Tradein LatinAmerica7 ChallengesFor LAFindingResponses

  • Characteristics of T&C industry in South AmericaPoor market diversification: mainly to USPoor product diversification: underwear, knit-shirts, trousers & nightwearMainly CMT/maquila: full-package to be developed; only few countries are vertically integratedPoor linkage between foreign investors & local industryInsufficient use of regional opportunities

  • US Imports 1st Quarter 2005Jan & Feb strong, March lower growthChina: up 107%* for apparel but strong increase in key cotton products (338/9): 1257%; 347/8: 1521%; 352: 308%But: strong growth from preferential suppliers (CAFTA:knit; Andean: knit & woven; focus is on duties; rather shifts within than between regions But: how reliable is the data: e.g. EU confusion

    * For Jan/Feb 2005; Source OTEXA

    Jan & Feb strong, Mar lower growth: CITA over-shipment directive & were sent in Jan & not Dec; safeguard threats: suppliers rush out goods

  • T&C Exports from ALADI Countries in 2003

    Chart1

    0.87294817570.1270518243

    0.19008693650.8099130635

    0.77976734480.2202326552

    0.75284383880.2471561612

    0.22781041910.7721895809

    0.58979823590.4102017641

    0.17158930260.8284106974

    0.83509408090.1649059191

    0.21918922210.7808107779

    0.86546756310.1345324369

    0.85862035080.1413796492

    % textile

    % clothing

    T&C Exports of ALADI Countries in 2003

    T&C overview

    T&C EXPORTS of ALADI member states in 2003

    in US$ thousandstextilesclothingT&C% textile% clothing

    Argentina323,39547,068370,46387.3%12.7%

    Bolivia9,88342,10951,99219.0%81.0%

    Brazil1,023,847289,1691,313,01678.0%22.0%

    Chile95,63331,396127,02975.3%24.7%

    Colombia186,112630,848816,96022.8%77.2%

    Ecuador37,91426,36964,28359.0%41.0%

    Mexico1,494,9737,217,5348,712,50717.2%82.8%

    Paraguay71,85414,18986,04383.5%16.5%

    Peru181,666647,143828,80921.9%78.1%

    Uruguay198,24430,816229,06086.5%13.5%

    Venzuela34,9515,75540,70685.9%14.1%

    Argentina

    Argentina: Textile Exports

    in US$ thousands

    Total textile export in 2003:323,395

    Leading products exported in 2003 (HS 4)

    5105Wool&fine or coarse animal hair, carded or combed103,291

    5101Wool, not carded or combed52,832

    5402Synthetic filam yarn, not put up44,630

    5603Nonwovens, w/n impregnated34,075

    5902Tire cord fab of high tenac yarn of nylon 21,649

    5503Synthetic staple fibres, not carded8,982

    5205Cotton yarn (not sewing thread)7,450

    SUM272,909

    Leading products exported to

    5105Wool&fine or coarse animal hair, carded or combed103,291%

    Italy24,29523.5%

    China21,98821.3%

    Germany15,01214.5%

    Chile9,2378.9%

    Mexico6,2066.0%

    Turkey6,1135.9%

    Peru5,0684.9%

    Colombia3,7073.6%

    Spain1,8071.7%

    UK1,8001.7%

    Ecuador5950.6%

    Brazil2340.2%

    Uruguay280.0%

    5101Wool, not carded or combed52,832%

    Germany10,23119.4%

    France8,39415.9%

    Uruguay7,80414.8%

    Italy6,42212.2%

    China5,78310.9%

    Belgium4,1377.8%

    India3,2376.1%

    Mexico2,0613.9%

    Spain1,0021.9%

    Czech Republic7841.5%

    Brazil1500.3%

    Peru1140.2%

    Chile590.1%

    Colombia270.1%

    5402Synthetic filam yarn, not put up44,630%

    Brazil34,31876.9%

    Peru3,2777.3%

    Colombia3,1197.0%

    Chile1,4893.3%

    UK7771.7%

    US6911.5%

    Uruguay1870.4%

    Italy1590.4%

    Japan1250.3%

    Canada1190.3%

    Paraguay510.1%

    Venezuela500.1%

    Bolivia240.1%

    Ecuador240.1%

    5603Nonwovens, w/n impregnated34,075%

    Brazil11,02832.4%

    Chile7,81122.9%

    US5,68716.7%

    Peru1,7805.2%

    Mexico1,5544.6%

    Uruguay1,1943.5%

    Colombia1,1363.3%

    Korea8782.6%

    Venezuela7422.2%

    China6431.9%

    Bolivia1020.3%

    Paraguay930.3%

    5902Tire cord fab of high tenac yarn of nylon 21,649%

    Brazil16,95878.3%

    Chile4,63221.4%

    Mexico330.2%

    Peru210.1%

    Canada00.0%

    China00.0%

    France00.0%

    Germany00.0%

    Brazil

    Brazil: Textile Exports

    in US$ thousands

    Total textile export in 2003:1,032,847

    Leading products exported in 2003 (HS 4)

    5201Cotton, not carded or combed188,526

    5209Woven cotton fabrics, 185,452

    5205Cotton yarn 99,354

    5402Synthetic filam yarn, not put up56,786

    5208Woven cotton fabrics, 38,147

    5603Nonwovens, w/n impregnated35,478

    6002Knitted of crocheted fabrics, nes32,796

    5004Silk yarn29,313

    5607Twine, cordge&cable, with rubber/plastic29,247

    5509Yarn of synth staple fibre, 25,324

    5504Artificial staple fibres, not carded24,589

    5304Sisal&other textile fibres of genus Agave22,017

    5407Woven fabrics of synth. filam yarn 20,665

    5502Artificial filament tow20,258

    5902Tire cord fab of high tenac yarn of nylon 16,553

    5105Wool&fine or coarse animal hair, carded or combed14,710

    SUM839,215

    Leading products exported to

    5201Cotton, not carded or combed188,526%

    Argentina50,42226.7%

    Japan23,48412.5%

    Indonesia19,25410.2%

    China18,83110.0%

    Colombia7,6834.1%

    Korea7,4994.0%

    Thailand7,0923.8%

    Italy6,4973.4%

    Pakistan5,8823.1%

    Hong Kong5,1722.7%

    Chile4,1242.2%

    Bolivia2,9711.6%

    US1,5360.8%

    Peru4210.2%

    Paraguay1310.1%

    Mexico00.0%

    5209Woven cotton fabrics, 185,452%

    Argentina47,34225.5%

    Colombia20,68111.2%

    Netherlands13,6067.3%

    Venezuela13,1197.1%

    Chile11,9956.5%

    Dominican Republic11,5666.2%

    Bolivia9,7565.3%

    Peru9,3975.1%

    Mexico8,4134.5%

    Paraguay8,0484.3%

    Uruguay4,1832.3%

    US3,4031.8%

    Ecuador6280.3%

    5205Cotton yarn 99,354%

    Argentina25,10525.3%

    US20,43320.6%

    Portugal20,27020.4%

    Chile6,3296.4%

    Belgium6,3126.4%

    Peru5,2515.3%

    Colombia4,6564.7%

    Dominican Republic1,9071.9%

    Greece1,5191.5%

    Canada1,3911.4%

    Uruguay5810.6%

    Venezuela520.1%

    Mexico140.0%

    5402Synthetic filam yarn, not put up56,786%

    Argentina16,29328.7%

    Colombia10,72018.9%

    China8,09814.3%

    Peru6,70711.8%

    Korea2,8625.0%

    US1,8363.2%

    Netherlands1,6552.9%

    Chile1,2722.2%

    Germany1,0661.9%

    Spain1,0571.9%

    Uruguay8181.4%

    Venezuela7131.3%

    Paraguay1180.2%

    Bolivia870.2%

    Mexico480.1%

    Ecuador120.0%

    5208Woven cotton fabrics, 38,147%

    Argentina15,06639.5%

    Italy3,2628.6%

    Mexico2,4316.4%

    Bolivia1,9265.0%

    Colombia1,6574.3%

    US1,4973.9%

    France1,4673.8%

    Uruguay1,3273.5%

    Spain9902.6%

    UK8742.3%

    Chile7512.0%

    Peru7091.9%

    Paraguay6001.6%

    Ecuador1560.4%

    Venezuela1360.4%

    Chile

    Chile: Textile Exports

    in US$ thousands

    Total textile export in 2003:95,633

    Leading products exported in 2003 (HS 4)

    5209Woven cotton fabrics, 21,042

    5105Wool&fine or coarse animal hair, carded or combed12,421

    5112Woven fabrics of combed wool or of combed find animal hair9,182

    5515Woven fabrics of synthetic staple fibres, nes8,609

    5402Synthetic filam yarn, not put up7,404

    5509Yarn of synth staple fibre, not put up for retail sale5,762

    5603Nonwovens, w/n impregnated, coated, covered or laminated5,709

    5101Wool, not carded or combed5,397

    5407Woven fabrics of synth. filam yarn 3,840

    SUM79,366

    Leading products exported to

    5209Woven cotton fabrics, 21,042%

    Colombia5,28625.1%

    Venezuela2,63312.5%

    Bolivia2,32411.0%

    Ecuador2,32211.0%

    Mexico2,30010.9%

    Peru1,6247.7%

    Canada1,3566.4%

    Turkey8904.2%

    Spain5352.5%

    Lebanon4312.0%

    Paraguay860.4%

    5105Wool&fine or coarse animal hair, carded or combed12,421%

    Italy8,70970.1%

    UK1,2239.8%

    Iran7456.0%

    Japan4723.8%

    China2942.4%

    Spain2732.2%

    Argentina2141.7%

    Romania1771.4%

    Canada1241.0%

    US910.7%

    5112Woven fabrics of combed wool or of combed find animal hair9,182%

    Mexico3,65339.8%

    Canada2,54927.8%

    Colombia7588.3%

    Ecuador5616.1%

    New Zealand3804.1%

    US3674.0%

    Slovakia1972.1%

    Area Nes1441.6%

    Bolivia1221.3%

    China1101.2%

    Peru690.8%

    Venezuela310.3%

    5515Woven fabrics of synthetic staple fibres, nes8,609%

    Bolivia4,24849.3%

    Mexico1,94422.6%

    Argentina1,46317.0%

    Colombia3083.6%

    Brazil1631.9%

    Ecuador1291.5%

    Venezuela1061.2%

    US610.7%

    Uruguay200.2%

    Peru140.2%

    5402Synthetic filam yarn, not put up7,404%

    Brazil2,88038.9%

    Colombia2,00827.1%

    Mexico1,62121.9%

    Peru2593.5%

    Uruguay2022.7%

    Argentina2002.7%

    Bolivia1411.9%

    Ecuador480.6%

    Venezuela370.5%

    Ecuador

    Ecuador: Textile Exports

    in US$ thousands

    Total textile export in 2003:37,914

    Leading products exported in 2003 (HS 4)

    5305Coconut, abaca, ramie&other vegetable fibres, not spun8,173

    5205Cotton yarn (not sewing thread) 4,385

    5209Woven cotton fabrics4,371

    5402Synthetic filam yarn, not put up3,248

    5207Cotton yarn (not sewing thread) put up for retail sale2,397

    5513Woven fab of syn stapl fib 1,769

    5401Sewing thread of man-made filaments1,698

    5208Woven cotton fabrics1,697

    SUM27,738

    Leading products exported to

    5205Cotton yarn (not sewing thread) 4,385%

    Colombia4,20095.8%

    Venezuela651.5%

    Chile511.2%

    Peru300.7%

    Mexico170.4%

    China00.0%

    5209Woven cotton fabrics4,371%

    Colombia1,59336.4%

    Venezuela1,43532.8%

    Peru89620.5%

    Costa Rica1764.0%

    Dominican Republic791.8%

    Chile751.7%

    US741.7%

    Germany320.7%

    Mexico00.0%

    5402Synthetic filam yarn, not put up3,248%

    Colombia92628.5%

    Venezuela66520.5%

    Mexico57717.8%

    Chile41112.7%

    Argentina2959.1%

    Peru1414.3%

    Uruguay611.9%

    US491.5%

    Bolivia441.4%

    Panama371.1%

    Brazil321.0%

    5207Cotton yarn (not sewing thread) put up for retail sale2,397%

    Colombia1,92280.2%

    Venezuela28912.1%

    Peru1174.9%

    Dominican Republic371.5%

    Chile160.7%

    Germany00.0%

    Paraguay

    Paraguay: Textile Exports

    in US$ thousands

    Total textile export in 2003:71,854

    Leading products exported in 2003 (HS 4)

    5201Cotton, not carded or combed62,433

    5601Wadding of textile material4,034

    5209Woven cotton fabrics 2,175

    5208Woven cotton fabrics 1,223

    5004Silk yarn1,076

    SUM70,941

    Leading products exported to

    5201Cotton, not carded or combed62,433%

    Brazil37,76860.5%

    Argentina10,89817.5%

    China5,4728.8%

    Chile1,9973.2%

    Venezuela1,4242.3%

    South Africa1,0711.7%

    Taiwan9631.5%

    Indonesia7141.1%

    Hong Kong6491.0%

    Germany3830.6%

    Uruguay1990.3%

    Mexico00.0%

    5601Wadding of textile material4,034%

    Brazil3,01374.7%

    Argentina56414.0%

    Uruguay45711.3%

    Canada00.0%

    5209Woven cotton fabrics 2,175%

    Argentina1,51269.5%

    Bolivia25411.7%

    Chile25411.7%

    Spain954.4%

    Uruguay602.8%

    China00.0%

    Mexico00.0%

    5208Woven cotton fabrics 1,223%

    Argentina1,00882.4%

    Brazil14812.1%

    Spain463.8%

    Chile171.4%

    China00.0%

    5004Silk yarn1,076%

    Italy1,06899.3%

    Germany00.0%

    Japan00.0%

    India00.0%

    Uruguay

    Uruguay: Textile Exports

    in US$ thousands

    Total textile export in 2003:198,244

    Leading products exported in 2003 (HS 4)

    5105Wool&fine or coarse animal hair, carded or combed120,439

    5112Woven fabrics of combed wool or of combed find animal hair30,188

    5101Wool, not carded or combed18,087

    5103Waste of wool7,785

    5007Woven fabrics of silk or silk waste6,055

    5111Woven fabrics of carded wool or of carded fine animal hair5,197

    5515Woven fabrics of synthetic staple fibres, nes2,236

    SUM189,987

    Leading products exported to

    5105Wool&fine or coarse animal hair, carded or combed120,439%

    China34,22828.4%

    Italy29,77624.7%

    Germany16,71013.9%

    Colombia7,6696.4%

    Turkey5,7664.8%

    UK5,7104.7%

    Japan3,1722.6%

    France3,1652.6%

    Switzerland2,0731.7%

    Brazil1,7611.5%

    Peru5220.4%

    Mexico3610.3%

    5112Woven fabrics of combed wool or of combed find animal hair30,188%

    Mexico7,03723.3%

    Canada3,80712.6%

    Brazil3,54911.8%

    US2,4768.2%

    Argentina2,3107.7%

    Hong Kong1,1183.7%

    Japan1,0133.4%

    Spain8602.8%

    Colombia7572.5%

    Chile6332.1%

    Bolivia00.0%

    5101Wool, not carded or combed18,087%

    China6,68437.0%

    Italy2,76315.3%

    Belgium2,37213.1%

    India2,19212.1%

    Germany1,5558.6%

    Spain6483.6%

    US3,70020.5%

    Turkey3642.0%

    Colombia2031.1%

    UK1560.9%

    Brazil890.5%

    Ecuador720.4%

    Mexico480.3%

    5103Waste of wool7,785%

    Italy1,86223.9%

    Germany1,42418.3%

    China1,20115.4%

    India1,14214.7%

    Japan6067.8%

    UK4986.4%

    Belgium2563.3%

    Mexico2353.0%

    Poland1752.2%

    Estonia801.0%

    Chile560.7%

    Brazil540.7%

    Ecuador210.3%

    5007Woven fabrics of silk or silk waste6,055%

    Canada1,46424.2%

    US93415.4%

    Honduras80313.3%

    Colombia63410.5%

    Mexico4056.7%

    Macedonia3465.7%

    Taiwan2724.5%

    Indonesia2624.3%

    Dominican Republic1793.0%

    Chile1362.2%

    Argentina1091.8%

    Brazil350.6%

    Venezuela

    Venezuela: Textile Exports

    in US$ thousands

    Total textile export in 2003:34,951

    Leading products exported in 2003 (HS 4)

    5502Artificial filament tow22,166

    5209Woven cotton fabrics2,981

    5603Nonwovens, w/n impregnated, coated, covered or laminated2,512

    6001Pile fabrics incl long pile fabrics1,608

    5513Woven fab of syn stapl fib 921

    SUM30,188

    Leading products exported to

    5502Artificial filament tow22,166%

    Colombia6,83430.8%

    China5,77026.0%

    Chile2,44211.0%

    Hong Kong2,40510.8%

    Paraguay1,7087.7%

    Brazil9314.2%

    Pakistan5972.7%

    Cuba3711.7%

    Taiwan3181.4%

    Peru3161.4%

    5209Woven cotton fabrics2,981%

    Colombia2,97799.9%

    China00.0%

    Mexico00.0%

    5603Nonwovens, w/n impregnated, coated, covered or laminated2,512%

    Colombia84333.6%

    US39315.6%

    Ecuador33813.5%

    Mexico2349.3%

    Peru2098.3%

    Dominican Republic1997.9%

    Burkina Faso1355.4%

    Brazil251.0%

    6001Pile fabrics incl long pile fabrics1,608%

    Colombia1,02663.8%

    Ecuador22413.9%

    Brazil17010.6%

    Peru704.4%

    Costa Rica472.9%

    El Salvador412.5%

    Chile291.8%

    Mexico00.0%

    5513Woven fab of syn stapl fib 921%

    Colombia89497.1%

    Ecuador272.9%

    China00.0%

    Mexico00.0%

    Bolivia

    Bolivia: Textile Imports

    in US$ thousands

    Total textile imports in 2003:61,063

    Leading products imported in 2003 (HS 4)

    5515Woven fabrics of synthetic staple fibres, nes9,774

    5209Woven cotton fabrics.8,933

    5201Cotton, not carded or combed7,914

    5506Synthetic staple fibres, carded, combed4,950

    5407Woven fabrics of synth. Filam yarn3,015

    SUM34,586

    Leading products imported from

    5515Woven fabrics of synthetic staple fibres, nes9,774%

    China8,07382.6%

    Chile7517.7%

    Area Nes2372.4%

    Peru220.2%

    Korea1161.2%

    US910.9%

    Colombia510.5%

    UK430.4%

    Ecuador280.3%

    Uruguay150.2%

    Brazil100.1%

    5209Woven cotton fabrics.8,933%

    Brazil5,20258.2%

    Chile1,17413.1%

    China92210.3%

    US5646.3%

    Argentina3523.9%

    Peru3253.6%

    Paraguay2542.8%

    Mexico1201.3%

    5201Cotton, not carded or combed7,914%

    Peru4,17452.7%

    Brazil3,74047.3%

    5506Synthetic staple fibres, carded, combed4,950%

    Mexico2,86958.0%

    Peru1,88238.0%

    Area Nes951.9%

    US791.6%

    5407Woven fabrics of synth. Filam yarn3,015%

    China1,99266.1%

    Korea32310.7%

    Brazil2919.7%

    Peru1434.7%

    Argentina421.4%

    Chile321.1%

    US260.9%

    Ecuador170.6%

    Mexico160.5%

    Colombia

    Colombia: Textile Imports

    in US$ thousands

    Total textile imports in 2003:647,822

    Leading products imported in 2003 (HS 4)

    5209Woven cotton fabrics.100,631

    5201Cotton, not carded or combed83,797

    5402Synthetic filam yarn, not put up76,824

    5205Cotton yarn (not sewing thread) 42,897

    5407Woven fabrics of synth. Filam yarn40,346

    SUM344,495

    Leading products imported from

    5209Woven cotton fabrics.100,631%

    US33,00332.8%

    Brazil22,83322.7%

    China13,20313.1%

    Chile5,2045.2%

    Korea3,3013.3%

    Mexico3,1973.2%

    Taiwan3,0593.0%

    Ecuador2,7482.7%

    Hong Kong2,6412.6%

    Peru2,3372.3%

    Venezuela1,6201.6%

    Uruguay1,1351.1%

    Argentina1310.1%

    5201Cotton, not carded or combed83,797%

    US54,94165.6%

    Brukina Faso14,61917.4%

    Brazil7,9339.5%

    Australia1,9602.3%

    Spain1,2641.5%

    Egypt9101.1%

    Zimbabwe7770.9%

    Switzerland7620.9%

    Bolivia4290.5%

    5402Synthetic filam yarn, not put up76,824%

    US16,31821.2%

    Brazil9,55112.4%

    Taiwan8,44611.0%

    Mexico7,74110.1%

    Korea4,6096.0%

    Israel4,4525.8%

    Indonesia4,3335.6%

    Argentina3,1174.1%

    Chile1,8632.4%

    Ecuador1,3461.8%

    5205Cotton yarn (not sewing thread) 42,897%

    India12,89530.1%

    US9,87723.0%

    Ecuador7,18716.8%

    Brazil4,51810.5%

    Bolivia3,4448.0%

    Peru2,0804.8%

    Argentina1,4993.5%

    Mexico5781.3%

    5407Woven fabrics of synth. Filam yarn40,346%

    Taiwan12,32330.5%

    China9,80224.3%

    Korea4,28210.6%

    US3,2788.1%

    Indonesia2,7976.9%

    Chile8832.2%

    Thailand8552.1%

    Belgium6901.7%

    Netherlands6071.5%

    Mexico3790.9%

    Brazil1850.5%

    Venezuela1320.3%

    Ecuador1140.3%

    Mexico

    Mexico: Textile Imports

    >> see file "Mexico Imports"

    Peru

    Peru: Textile Imports

    in US$ thousands

    Total textile imports in 2003:282,504

    Leading products imported in 2003 (HS 4)

    5201Cotton, not carded or combed58,216

    5402Synthetic filam yarn, not put up30,776

    6002Knitted or crocheted fabrics, nes20,605

    5407Woven fabrics of synth. Filam yarn17,785

    5209Woven cotton fabrics 17,105

    SUM144,487

    Leading products imported from

    5201Cotton, not carded or combed58,216%

    US50,14986.1%

    Australia2,4764.3%

    Bolivia1,5112.6%

    Burkina Faso9291.6%

    China8901.5%

    Brazil5100.9%

    Egypt4130.7%

    Argentina3970.7%

    5402Synthetic filam yarn, not put up30,776%

    Colombia5,19316.9%

    Taiwan4,80715.6%

    Brazil3,90712.7%

    Korea3,77312.3%

    US2,4808.1%

    Argentina2,2547.3%

    Indonesia2,2317.2%

    Thailand1,1893.9%

    Chile1700.6%

    Ecuador1690.5%

    Mexico830.3%

    6002Knitted or crocheted fabrics, nes20,605%

    China6,37730.9%

    Taiwan6,23530.3%

    Korea6,10929.6%

    Brazil5522.7%

    US3251.6%

    Colombia3151.5%

    Chile2511.2%

    Ecuador2021.0%

    Argentina170.1%

    5407Woven fabrics of synth. Filam yarn17,785%

    Korea5,77432.5%

    China4,81727.1%

    Taiwan3,34518.8%

    Chile1,0015.6%

    Indonesia5943.3%

    US5713.2%

    Belgium4682.6%

    Spain3552.0%

    Brazil2381.3%

    Colombia1861.0%

    Bolivia500.3%

    Ecuador250.1%

    Argentina200.1%

    Mexico200.1%

    5209Woven cotton fabrics 17,105%

    Brazil9,89957.9%

    Chile1,4868.7%

    Taiwan1,2017.0%

    China1,1917.0%

    Ecuador1,0266.0%

    India5403.2%

    Colombia4012.3%

    Pakistan3832.2%

    US3762.2%

    Mexico3672.1%

    Argentina130.1%

  • US Imports from ALADI 3 year comparison

    Data

    US Imports: Development

    < - 15%> + 50%

    in million US$20032004% changeyear-end March 2005Jan-04Jan-05% changeFeb-04Feb-05%changeMar-04Mar-05%change

    ChinaTotal MFA11,608.82814,559.92825.42%16,356.4801,198.2051,146.715-4.30%2,002.9353,362.40067.87%2,971.3684,769.73560.52%

    Apparel7,257.5948,928.03223.02%10,372.905732.8381,035.40941.29%1,226.9812,306.94788.02%1,818.8553,263.77679.44%

    Cotton Apparel2,395.1432,754.90615.02%3,707.048250.353430.66172.02%407.7181,079.598164.79%595.5101,547.651159.89%

    MMF Apparel2,829.7173,354.97518.56%3,819.914218.681336.63253.94%349.904700.621100.23%519.736984.70189.46%

    Wool Apparel311.775370.32018.78%401.22910.85918.21367.72%15.40037.478143.36%20.15051.059153.39%

    ArgentinaTotal MFA17.39924.52040.93%25.2801.6271.84113.15%3.0713.046-0.84%4.9205.68015.46%

    Apparel5.0544.893-3.19%4.3680.6170.268-56.56%1.0110.522-48.30%1.5541.030-33.76%

    Cotton Apparel3.2432.914-10.14%2.4420.5030.143-71.57%0.7740.260-66.33%1.1000.629-42.84%

    MMF Apparel1.5771.6524.76%1.6160.0820.11742.68%0.2000.23517.77%0.3870.351-9.17%

    Wool Apparel0.1080.220103.70%0.1870.0170.007-58.82%0.0210.008-63.13%0.0440.010-76.46%

    BoliviaTotal MFA34.27739.52415.31%38.5772.5473.17124.50%4.9305.0271.97%9.1688.211-10.33%

    Apparel33.95939.22315.50%38.2732.5353.14424.02%4.9054.9831.57%9.1128.161-10.43%

    Cotton Apparel30.32035.82718.16%34.8352.4542.96520.82%4.6524.565-1.85%8.6547.663-11.47%

    MMF Apparel1.3901.182-14.96%2.2070.0210.109419.05%0.1520.318109.02%0.3330.3607.90%

    Wool Apparel2.2482.191-2.54%1.2080.0590.07018.64%0.1000.098-1.96%0.1230.13912.91%

    BrazilTotal MFA405.468407.7510.56%408.41942.58236.166-15.07%76.69570.188-8.48%112.773113.4410.59%

    Apparel148.492134.541-9.40%133.44312.11010.050-17.01%21.06919.075-9.47%32.15131.054-3.41%

    Cotton Apparel128.041109.767-14.27%107.39510.4607.563-27.70%17.27714.412-16.59%25.54423.173-9.29%

    MMF Apparel19.84123.33517.61%24.2411.6181.89317.00%3.3664.04420.15%6.1647.07114.70%

    Wool Apparel0.5431.291137.75%1.6330.0270.5872074.07%0.4120.59945.26%0.4200.76281.48%

    ChileTotal MFA13.06729.488125.67%33.3450.8183.293302.57%1.5214.801215.68%2.9736.830129.75%

    Apparel10.79824.011122.37%27.0150.4682.827504.06%1.0844.049273.40%2.2915.295131.15%

    Cotton Apparel1.0017.673666.53%8.9120.0210.9164261.90%0.0801.1611348.04%0.1601.399772.81%

    MMF Apparel0.3940.934137.06%0.9820.0090.018100.00%0.0270.067147.36%0.1250.17338.47%

    Wool Apparel8.52714.80673.64%16.0070.4281.470243.46%0.9652.292137.61%1.9933.19360.27%

    ColombiaTotal MFA538.925636.34918.08%647.32743.73351.02116.66%91.092100.57310.41%145.303156.2807.55%

    Apparel497.536589.23418.43%601.28041.38647.68315.22%85.33394.68310.96%134.862146.9098.93%

    Cotton Apparel316.637361.59914.20%368.14925.99529.97815.32%53.85260.03211.47%85.66492.2147.65%

    MMF Apparel114.257150.05731.33%153.0427.83210.48833.91%17.56720.02914.01%28.38731.37210.51%

    Wool Apparel65.38476.66717.26%79.3057.4727.186-3.83%13.75014.4705.24%20.46923.10712.89%

    EcuadorTotal MFA18.07019.92910.29%19.0111.0781.0921.30%2.7442.336-14.89%4.7303.812-19.42%

    Apparel15.41117.86615.93%17.1611.0411.0480.67%2.6032.240-13.96%4.3413.635-16.25%

    Cotton Apparel5.0997.88654.66%7.1730.5360.527-1.68%1.3941.001-28.22%2.2521.539-31.65%

    MMF Apparel8.8558.514-3.85%8.5120.4840.5156.40%1.1781.2143.05%2.0262.024-0.11%

    Wool Apparel1.3971.385-0.86%1.4050.0160.005-68.75%0.0250.024-1.17%0.0510.07139.63%

    MexicoTotal MFA7,940.8087,793.282-1.86%7,663.383545.184524.443-3.80%1,144.9361,097.168-4.17%1,835.1881,705.275-7.08%

    Apparel6,903.7366,684.835-3.17%6,557.998467.485449.067-3.94%978.125928.592-5.06%1,563.2151,436.378-8.11%

    Cotton Apparel4,499.2224,391.547-2.39%4,324.177293.088290.569-0.86%612.536595.721-2.75%985.571918.201-6.84%

    MMF Apparel2,158.8432,066.825-4.26%2,010.761159.175144.286-9.35%329.711300.690-8.80%522.618466.555-10.73%

    Wool Apparel239.371220.867-7.73%217.33614.74913.619-7.66%34.75930.993-10.83%53.43449.903-6.61%

    PeruTotal MFA516.134691.55433.99%738.40849.26863.25528.39%102.139128.25325.57%156.491203.34529.94%

    Apparel504.400676.71234.16%722.35448.15461.78328.30%100.143125.48925.31%153.512199.15429.73%

    Cotton Apparel486.459632.63530.05%675.08847.10458.56024.32%97.141119.42122.94%147.746190.19928.73%

    MMF Apparel7.80330.315288.50%33.4630.6412.911354.13%2.3455.369128.92%4.9178.06464.03%

    Wool Apparel10.06813.57934.87%13.7550.3210.308-4.05%0.4960.67235.57%0.6840.86125.73%

    UruguayTotal MFA14.48517.16618.51%17.1150.6200.92449.03%1.9261.629-15.42%2.6842.633-1.90%

    Apparel10.20111.80415.71%11.7460.4040.4449.90%1.1600.894-23.00%1.5511.493-3.75%

    Cotton Apparel0.4350.381-12.41%0.4390.0250.010-60.00%0.1270.074-41.77%0.1350.19342.58%

    MMF Apparel0.5210.373-28.41%0.2570.0850.040-52.94%0.1990.063-68.39%0.2280.112-50.86%

    Wool Apparel9.15411.02120.40%11.0360.2920.38531.85%0.8110.748-7.71%1.1641.1801.34%

    VenezuelaTotal MFA2.2351.708-23.58%1.7460.0620.07012.90%0.1610.1641.83%0.2860.32413.24%

    Apparel1.3160.700-46.81%0.6770.0370.006-83.78%0.0780.075-4.03%0.1690.147-13.30%

    Cotton Apparel0.9660.387-59.94%0.4100.0030.0030.00%0.0130.050287.02%0.0570.08040.40%

    MMF Apparel0.3360.292-13.10%0.2390.0340.003-91.18%0.0640.025-61.26%0.1080.055-48.96%

    Wool Apparel0.0010.0111000.00%0.011---0.0000.000-100.00%0.0000.000-100.00%

    2003-2004-Mar05

    5.0544.8934.368

    33.95939.22338.273

    148.492134.541133.443

    10.79824.01127.015

    497.536589.234601.28

    15.41117.86617.161

    6903.7366684.8356557.998

    504.4676.712722.354

    10.20111.80411.746

    1.3160.70.677

    7257.5948928.03210372.905

    2003

    2004

    year-end March 2005

    US$ millions

    US - ALADI Apparel Imports 2003/2004

    Jan-Feb-Mar 04-05

    Jan-Feb-Mar 04-05

    0.41287569690.88020.7944

    "Jan"

    "Feb"

    "March"

    2004

    2.9141.6520.22

    35.8271.1822.191

    109.76723.3351.291

    7.6730.93414.806

    361.599150.05776.667

    7.8868.5141.385

    4391.5472066.825220.867

    632.63530.31513.579

    0.3810.37311.021

    0.3870.2920.011

    January

    February

    March

    US - ALADI Apparel Imports: 2004 / 2005 data change in %

    Argentina

    Argentina

    Bolivia

    Bolivia

    Brazil

    Brazil

    Chile

    Chile

    Colombia

    Colombia

    Ecuador

    Ecuador

    Mexico

    Mexico

    Peru

    Peru

    Uruguay

    Uruguay

    Venezuela

    Venezuela

    -0.5656401945

    -0.483

    -0.3376

    0.2402366864

    0.0157

    -0.1043

    -0.1701073493

    -0.0947

    -0.0341

    5.0405982906

    2.734

    1.3115

    0.1521529019

    0.1096

    0.0893

    0.0067243036

    -0.1396

    -0.1625

    -0.0393980556

    -0.0506

    -0.0811

    0.2830294472

    0.2531

    0.2973

    0.099009901

    -0.23

    -0.0375

    -0.8378378378

    -0.0403

    -0.133

    Cotton Apparel

    MMF Apparel

    Wool Apparel

    US - ALADI Apparel Imports 2004

  • US Import changes from ALADI 2004- 2005

    Data

    US Imports: Development

    < - 15%> + 50%

    in million US$20032004% changeyear-end March 2005Jan-04Jan-05% changeFeb-04Feb-05%changeMar-04Mar-05%change

    ChinaTotal MFA11,608.82814,559.92825.42%16,356.4801,198.2051,146.715-4.30%2,002.9353,362.40067.87%2,971.3684,769.73560.52%

    Apparel7,257.5948,928.03223.02%10,372.905732.8381,035.40941.29%1,226.9812,306.94788.02%1,818.8553,263.77679.44%

    Cotton Apparel2,395.1432,754.90615.02%3,707.048250.353430.66172.02%407.7181,079.598164.79%595.5101,547.651159.89%

    MMF Apparel2,829.7173,354.97518.56%3,819.914218.681336.63253.94%349.904700.621100.23%519.736984.70189.46%

    Wool Apparel311.775370.32018.78%401.22910.85918.21367.72%15.40037.478143.36%20.15051.059153.39%

    ArgentinaTotal MFA17.39924.52040.93%25.2801.6271.84113.15%3.0713.046-0.84%4.9205.68015.46%

    Apparel5.0544.893-3.19%4.3680.6170.268-56.56%1.0110.522-48.30%1.5541.030-33.76%

    Cotton Apparel3.2432.914-10.14%2.4420.5030.143-71.57%0.7740.260-66.33%1.1000.629-42.84%

    MMF Apparel1.5771.6524.76%1.6160.0820.11742.68%0.2000.23517.77%0.3870.351-9.17%

    Wool Apparel0.1080.220103.70%0.1870.0170.007-58.82%0.0210.008-63.13%0.0440.010-76.46%

    BoliviaTotal MFA34.27739.52415.31%38.5772.5473.17124.50%4.9305.0271.97%9.1688.211-10.33%

    Apparel33.95939.22315.50%38.2732.5353.14424.02%4.9054.9831.57%9.1128.161-10.43%

    Cotton Apparel30.32035.82718.16%34.8352.4542.96520.82%4.6524.565-1.85%8.6547.663-11.47%

    MMF Apparel1.3901.182-14.96%2.2070.0210.109419.05%0.1520.318109.02%0.3330.3607.90%

    Wool Apparel2.2482.191-2.54%1.2080.0590.07018.64%0.1000.098-1.96%0.1230.13912.91%

    BrazilTotal MFA405.468407.7510.56%408.41942.58236.166-15.07%76.69570.188-8.48%112.773113.4410.59%

    Apparel148.492134.541-9.40%133.44312.11010.050-17.01%21.06919.075-9.47%32.15131.054-3.41%

    Cotton Apparel128.041109.767-14.27%107.39510.4607.563-27.70%17.27714.412-16.59%25.54423.173-9.29%

    MMF Apparel19.84123.33517.61%24.2411.6181.89317.00%3.3664.04420.15%6.1647.07114.70%

    Wool Apparel0.5431.291137.75%1.6330.0270.5872074.07%0.4120.59945.26%0.4200.76281.48%

    ChileTotal MFA13.06729.488125.67%33.3450.8183.293302.57%1.5214.801215.68%2.9736.830129.75%

    Apparel10.79824.011122.37%27.0150.4682.827504.06%1.0844.049273.40%2.2915.295131.15%

    Cotton Apparel1.0017.673666.53%8.9120.0210.9164261.90%0.0801.1611348.04%0.1601.399772.81%

    MMF Apparel0.3940.934137.06%0.9820.0090.018100.00%0.0270.067147.36%0.1250.17338.47%

    Wool Apparel8.52714.80673.64%16.0070.4281.470243.46%0.9652.292137.61%1.9933.19360.27%

    ColombiaTotal MFA538.925636.34918.08%647.32743.73351.02116.66%91.092100.57310.41%145.303156.2807.55%

    Apparel497.536589.23418.43%601.28041.38647.68315.22%85.33394.68310.96%134.862146.9098.93%

    Cotton Apparel316.637361.59914.20%368.14925.99529.97815.32%53.85260.03211.47%85.66492.2147.65%

    MMF Apparel114.257150.05731.33%153.0427.83210.48833.91%17.56720.02914.01%28.38731.37210.51%

    Wool Apparel65.38476.66717.26%79.3057.4727.186-3.83%13.75014.4705.24%20.46923.10712.89%

    EcuadorTotal MFA18.07019.92910.29%19.0111.0781.0921.30%2.7442.336-14.89%4.7303.812-19.42%

    Apparel15.41117.86615.93%17.1611.0411.0480.67%2.6032.240-13.96%4.3413.635-16.25%

    Cotton Apparel5.0997.88654.66%7.1730.5360.527-1.68%1.3941.001-28.22%2.2521.539-31.65%

    MMF Apparel8.8558.514-3.85%8.5120.4840.5156.40%1.1781.2143.05%2.0262.024-0.11%

    Wool Apparel1.3971.385-0.86%1.4050.0160.005-68.75%0.0250.024-1.17%0.0510.07139.63%

    MexicoTotal MFA7,940.8087,793.282-1.86%7,663.383545.184524.443-3.80%1,144.9361,097.168-4.17%1,835.1881,705.275-7.08%

    Apparel6,903.7366,684.835-3.17%6,557.998467.485449.067-3.94%978.125928.592-5.06%1,563.2151,436.378-8.11%

    Cotton Apparel4,499.2224,391.547-2.39%4,324.177293.088290.569-0.86%612.536595.721-2.75%985.571918.201-6.84%

    MMF Apparel2,158.8432,066.825-4.26%2,010.761159.175144.286-9.35%329.711300.690-8.80%522.618466.555-10.73%

    Wool Apparel239.371220.867-7.73%217.33614.74913.619-7.66%34.75930.993-10.83%53.43449.903-6.61%

    PeruTotal MFA516.134691.55433.99%738.40849.26863.25528.39%102.139128.25325.57%156.491203.34529.94%

    Apparel504.400676.71234.16%722.35448.15461.78328.30%100.143125.48925.31%153.512199.15429.73%

    Cotton Apparel486.459632.63530.05%675.08847.10458.56024.32%97.141119.42122.94%147.746190.19928.73%

    MMF Apparel7.80330.315288.50%33.4630.6412.911354.13%2.3455.369128.92%4.9178.06464.03%

    Wool Apparel10.06813.57934.87%13.7550.3210.308-4.05%0.4960.67235.57%0.6840.86125.73%

    UruguayTotal MFA14.48517.16618.51%17.1150.6200.92449.03%1.9261.629-15.42%2.6842.633-1.90%

    Apparel10.20111.80415.71%11.7460.4040.4449.90%1.1600.894-23.00%1.5511.493-3.75%

    Cotton Apparel0.4350.381-12.41%0.4390.0250.010-60.00%0.1270.074-41.77%0.1350.19342.58%

    MMF Apparel0.5210.373-28.41%0.2570.0850.040-52.94%0.1990.063-68.39%0.2280.112-50.86%

    Wool Apparel9.15411.02120.40%11.0360.2920.38531.85%0.8110.748-7.71%1.1641.1801.34%

    VenezuelaTotal MFA2.2351.708-23.58%1.7460.0620.07012.90%0.1610.1641.83%0.2860.32413.24%

    Apparel1.3160.700-46.81%0.6770.0370.006-83.78%0.0780.075-4.03%0.1690.147-13.30%

    Cotton Apparel0.9660.387-59.94%0.4100.0030.0030.00%0.0130.050287.02%0.0570.08040.40%

    MMF Apparel0.3360.292-13.10%0.2390.0340.003-91.18%0.0640.025-61.26%0.1080.055-48.96%

    Wool Apparel0.0010.0111000.00%0.011---0.0000.000-100.00%0.0000.000-100.00%

    2003-2004-Mar05

    5.0544.8934.368

    33.95939.22338.273

    148.492134.541133.443

    10.79824.01127.015

    497.536589.234601.28

    15.41117.86617.161

    6903.7366684.8356557.998

    504.4676.712722.354

    10.20111.80411.746

    1.3160.70.677

    7257.5948928.03210372.905

    2003

    2004

    year-end March 2005

    US$ millions

    US - ALADI Apparel Imports 2003/2004

    Jan-Feb-Mar 04-05

    Jan-Feb-Mar 04-05

    0.41287569690.88020.7944

    "Jan"

    "Feb"

    "March"

    2004

    2.9141.6520.22

    35.8271.1822.191

    109.76723.3351.291

    7.6730.93414.806

    361.599150.05776.667

    7.8868.5141.385

    4391.5472066.825220.867

    632.63530.31513.579

    0.3810.37311.021

    0.3870.2920.011

    January

    February

    March

    US - ALADI Apparel Imports: 2004 / 2005 data change in %

    Argentina

    Argentina

    Bolivia

    Bolivia

    Brazil

    Brazil

    Chile

    Chile

    Colombia

    Colombia

    Ecuador

    Ecuador

    Mexico

    Mexico

    Peru

    Peru

    Uruguay

    Uruguay

    Venezuela

    Venezuela

    -0.5656401945

    -0.483

    -0.3376

    0.2402366864

    0.0157

    -0.1043

    -0.1701073493

    -0.0947

    -0.0341

    5.0405982906

    2.734

    1.3115

    0.1521529019

    0.1096

    0.0893

    0.0067243036

    -0.1396

    -0.1625

    -0.0393980556

    -0.0506

    -0.0811

    0.2830294472

    0.2531

    0.2973

    0.099009901

    -0.23

    -0.0375

    -0.8378378378

    -0.0403

    -0.133

    Cotton Apparel

    MMF Apparel

    Wool Apparel

    US - ALADI Apparel Imports 2004

  • US Imports from ALADI in 2004

    Trade Map

    Leading products exported (HS 4) in 2003Products imported by the US (HS 4) in 2003

    in US$ thousandsin US$ thousands

    Argentinatotal apparel export:47,068

    6109T-shirts, singlets and other vests, knitted or crocheted8,1326109total imports3,664,492

    Spain3,22640%Mexico847,738

    Chile1,587Honduras693,016

    Italy842El Salvador379,539

    Uruguay607Dominican Republic175,807

    US590Canada166,000

    6204Women's suits, jackets, dresses, skirts etc.& shorts7,6316204total imports:11,652,256

    US1,84624%China1,900,883

    Spain1,675Mexico1,359,103

    Chile1,181Hong Kong1,359,103

    Uruguay789Philippines522,584

    Brazil350Indonesia495,355

    6110Jerseys, pullovers, cardigans etc. knitted or crocheted3,2836110total imports:12,482,946

    Chile97230%China1,460,710

    Spain630Hong Kong1,318,955

    Uruguay449Mexico832,535

    Brazil340Honduras606,664

    US308Guatemala572,577

    6108Women's slips, panties, pyjamas, bathrobe etc. knit/cro3,2616108total imports:2,301,300

    Chile1,13735%China237,010

    Mexico563Hong Kong187,298

    Uruguay330Mexico173,273

    Spain226Honduras139,292

    US210Turkey134,180

    Boliviatotal apparel export:42,109

    6109T-shirts, singlets and other vests, knitted or crocheted13,955

    US13,68198%

    Chile70

    Italy54

    Panama35

    Canada33

    6105Men's shirts, knitted or crocheted11,8356105total imports1,828,427

    US10,60090%Pakistan171,544

    Korea251India171,038

    Chile212Viet Nam118,547

    Hong Kong187Honduras118,251

    Netherlands146Peru117,189

    6110Jerseys, pullovers, cardigans etc. knitted or crocheted5,915

    US3,03351%

    Germany903

    UK750

    Chile403

    Mexico128

    6203Men's suits, jackets, trousers etc.& shorts3,1586203total imports7,995,317

    US2,54280%Mexico1,917,217

    Brazil247Dominican Republic809,510

    Chile201China484,020

    Peru134Italy373,052

    Uruguay27Canada344,681

    Braziltotal apparel export:289,169

    6109T-Shirts, singlets and other vests, knitted or crocheted67,528

    US40,86261%

    Germany5,082

    Argentina4,212

    France3,905

    Spain2,225

    6204Women's suits, jackets, dresses skirts etc. shorts59,148

    US45,07776%

    Spain2,640

    Canada2,417

    Argentina1,127

    Portugal755

    6104Women's suits, dresses, skits etc& shorts, knit/croch27,1596104total imports2,124,845

    US14,11552%Mexico254,589

    Spain1,942Taiwan153,725

    Canada1,410Viet Nam121,097

    Italy1,380Turkey103,419

    Argentina982Guatemala98,863

    6203Men's suits, jackets, trousers etc.& shorts16,107

    US9,48959%

    Argentina1,823

    Portugal695

    Italy592

    Mexico445

    Chiletotal apparel export31,396

    6203Men's suits, jackets, trousers etc &shorts13,461

    US7,94459%

    Mexico1,901

    Canada1,541

    Peru964

    Argentina444

    6204Women's suits, jackets, dresses skirts etc. /shorts3,031

    Mexico1,10436%

    US462

    Peru420

    Bolivia190

    Ecuador175

    6110Jerseys, pullovers, cardigans etc., knitted or crocheted2,130

    Mexico1,23358%

    Peru317

    Bolivia278

    Canada95

    US79

    6115Panty hose, tights, stockings & other hosiery, knit/croch2,0866115total imports1,148,090

    Peru75536%Korea195,242

    Mexico505Mexico144,320

    Uruguay205El Salvador117,129

    Dominican Republic129China112,134

    Ecuador112Canada82,390

    Colombiatotal apparel export:630,848

    6203Men's suits, jackets, trousers etc.& shorts209,689

    US184,50888%

    Germany6,603

    Venezuela5,548

    Mexico4,083

    Ecuador3,190

    6204Women's suits, jackets, dresses skirts &shorts128,090

    US104,13481%

    Venezuela6,853

    Mexico5,429

    Ecuador4,361

    Costa Rica1,648

    6108Women's slips, panties, pyjamas, bathrobes etc. knit/croch44,754

    US21,48948%

    Venezuela6,885

    Mexico3,347

    Costa Rica2,876

    Ecuador2,133

    6212Brasseries, girdles, corsets, braces, suspenders etc.& parts39,5376212total imports:1,627,625

    US9,92825%China447,746

    Venezuela6,884Honduras171,554

    Mexico6,524Mexico164,847

    Costa Rica3,099Dominican Republic141,209

    Ecuador2,799Indonesia133,369

    Ecuadortotal apparel export:26,369

    6115Panty hose, tights, stockings&other hosiery7,749

    US5,43470%

    Colombia790

    Chile438

    Panama413

    Peru269

    6109T-shirts, singlets and other vests, knitted or crocheted4,328

    US1,58437%

    Germany1,282

    Panama442

    Colombia233

    Peru200

    6203Men's suits, jackets, trousers etc.& shorts4,239

    Colombia1,41033%

    US1,149

    Venezuela297

    Peru277

    Italy

    6103Men's suits, jackets, trousers etc.& shorts, knit/croch1,7096103total imports:826,667

    US1,03060%Mexico132,896

    Venezuela131Thailand54,207

    Mexico94Viet Nam49,124

    Italy86Indonesia44,282

    Belgium82Taiwan40,578

    Mexicototal apparel export:7,217,534

    6203Men's suits, jackets, trousers etc&shorts1,882,573

    US1,804,10496%

    Honduras40,623

    Canada11,783

    Costa Rica5,829

    Guatemala4,560

    6204Women's suits, jackets, dresses skirts etc&shorts1,333,951

    US1,282,73496%

    Honduras21,681

    Canada9,663

    Costa Rica7,969

    Hong Kong6,897

    6109T-shirts, singlets and other vests, knitted or crocheted913,966

    US903,94299%

    Canada3,733

    France1,711

    Cayman Islands1,217

    Spain920

    6110Jerseys, pullovers, cardigans etc. knitted or crocheted580,653

    US577,993100%

    Hong Kong979

    Canada847

    Chile191

    UK186

    Perutotal apparel export:647,143

    6109T-shirts, singlets and other vests, knitted or crocheted240,516

    US201,17084%

    Venezuela16,167

    Canada4,200

    Spain4,103

    Chile2,578

    6105Men's shirts, knitted or crocheted142,343

    US119,94784%

    France5,612

    Germany3,143

    Netherlands2,722

    Canada1,587

    6110Jerseys, pullovers, cardigans etc. knitted or crocheted64,497

    US44,50169%

    Germany3,924

    UK3,042

    Spain2,150

    Japan1,744

    6106Women's blouses & shirts, knitted or crocheted57,6686106total imports1,251,823

    US50,49488%Guatemala116,753

    Venezuela2,838China105,148

    Canada1,318Mexico91,832

    UK605Viet Nam86,329

    Germany591Macau74,111

    Uruguaytotal apparel export:30,816

    6110Jerseys, pullovers, cardigans, etc. knitted or crocheted7,422

    US2,36332%

    Mexico1,361

    Argentina858

    Brazil416

    Chile207

    6203Men's suits, jackets, trousers etc. &shorts6,543

    US4,35367%

    Mexico979

    Argentina798

    Brazil179

    Chile176

    6202Women's overcoats, capes, windjackets etc. 5,0086202total imports1,477,826

    Mexico2,73555%China380,776

    Chile1,097Viet Nam105,427

    US463Hong Kong85,959

    Argentina409India78,303

    Brazil279Bangladesh76,619

    6201Men's overcoats, capes, windjackets etc2,5796201total imports:1,529,612

    Mexico1,47657%China317,490

    US386Viet Nam152,095

    Argentina378Sri Lanka110,679

    Chile223Bangladesh109,376

    Brazil96Korea93,492

    Venezuelatotal apparel export:5,755

    6104Women's suits, dresses, skirt etc.knit/croch951

    Spain74879%

    Colombia85

    Netherlands28

    Portugal27

    Ecuador12

    6109T-shirts, singlets and other vests, knitted or crocheted749

    Spain45961%

    France130

    Aruba56

    Colombia41

    US34

    6204Women's suits, jackets, dresses, skirts etc.& shorts633

    US42367%

    Spain67

    Italy58

    Peru25

    Colombia21

    6110Jerseys, pullovers, cardigans etc. knitted or crocheted611

    Spain55891%

    Panama23

    Colombia18

    France0

    Germany0

    OTEXA

    Leading products exported to the US by ALADIA states

    in US$ millions

    Bolivia

    20032004Mar-04Mar-05change

    338338 M/B knit shirts16.85921.6253.8165.16935%

    339339 W/G knit blouses9.3157.0032.8661.911-33%

    351351 Nightwear/Pyjama0.1472.3020.3350.018-95%

    348348 W/G slacks etc.1.1691.2761.0370.013-99%

    446446 W/G wool sweater1.2080.8180.0530.06930%

    438438 Knit shirts, blouses0.0950.1440.0120.002-83%

    SUM28.79333.1688.1197.182

    total apparel33.95939.2239.1128.161

    Rest5.1666.0550.9930.979

    Brazil

    20032004Mar-04Mar-05change

    348348 W/G slacks etc.49.98350.59612.1558.742-28%

    338338 M/B knit shirts16.98414.4922.7213.73637%

    339339 W/G knit blouses22.56514.1605.2393.263-38%

    352352 Cotton underwear10.1998.8781.7603.32089%

    347347 M/B trousers9.1877.5771.0232.270122%

    350350 Dresses, gowns etc7.4064.3180.5010.118-76%

    SUM116.324100.02123.39921.449

    total apparel148.492134.54132.15131.054

    Rest32.16834.5208.7529.605

    Chile

    20032004Mar-04Mar-05change

    347347 M/B trousers0.2704.0470.0290.7412455%

    443443 M/B wool suits2.4953.9850.5881.03977%

    447447 Wool trousers1.8763.8990.5760.94364%

    433433 M/B suit-typ CT3.6123.8830.3910.922136%

    SUM8.25315.8141.5843.645

    total apparel10.79824.0112.2915.295

    Rest2.5458.1970.7071.650

    Colombia

    20032004Mar-04Mar-05change

    347347 M/B trousers121.116124.24319.91238.12591%

    348348 W/G slacks etc.76.64387.93424.71422.608-9%

    338338 M/B knit shirts28.62039.32112.3446.512-47%

    433433 M/B suit-typ CT30.53933.1397.5909.99232%

    352352 Cotton underwear29.92832.8637.4158.1179%

    659659 Other MMF apparel25.43123.8987.7507.313-6%

    447447 Wool trousers17.49921.9777.4446.933-7%

    239329 Baby garment16.34320.9755.2473.906-26%

    443443 M/B wool suits15.49619.5385.3515.8539%

    638638 M/B knit shirts3.74517.9990.8271.31459%

    SUM365.360421.88798.594110.673

    total apparel497.536589.234134.862146.909

    Rest132.176167.34736.26836.236

    Rest+447/239/443/638185.259247.83655.13754.242

    Ecuador

    20032004Mar-04Mar-05change

    338338 M/B knit shirts1.5433.1070.9360.600-36%

    347347 M/B trousers1.4871.2170.2690.179-33%

    446446 W/G wool sweater0.5270.5280.0050.029480%

    351351 Nightwear/Pyjama0.4230.4080.0600.003-95%

    445445 M/B wool sweater0.5770.3880.0190.013-32%

    SUM4.5575.6481.2890.824

    total apparel15.41117.8664.3413.635

    Rest10.85412.2183.0522.811

    Mexico

    20032004Mar-04Mar-05change

    347347 M/B trousers1,502.1571,469.949290.383313.5748%

    348348 W/G slacks etc.1,226.3261,310.259285.046242.400-15%

    338338 M/B knit shirts660.247555.464144.621105.544-27%

    339339 W/G knit blouses574.294540.591144.923135.987-6%

    659659 Other MMF apparel358.053345.319102.94396.457-6%

    638638 M/B knit shirts312.836312.48273.13868.551-6%

    647647 Trousers309.059307.48466.57968.9674%

    639639 W/G knit blouses211.260183.29044.18136.591-17%

    648648 Slacks196.122180.41245.47840.129-12%

    649649 Bras146.136157.99738.42430.468-21%

    SUM5,496.4905,363.2471,235.7161,138.668

    total apparel6,903.7366,684.8351,563.2151,436.378

    Rest1,407.2461,321.588327.499297.710

    Rest+647/639/648/6492,269.8232,150.771522.161473.865

    Peru

    20032004Mar-04Mar-05change

    339339 W/G knit blouses210.673290.94773.25484.74916%

    338338 M/B knit shirts199.554251.88355.24180.45546%

    639639 W/G knit blouses2.24113.9470.6592.870336%

    348348 W/G slacks etc.13.53413.2303.0133.80326%

    347347 M/B trousers9.82411.3182.8173.62029%

    345345 Cotton sweater8.2219.9021.8732.39828%

    SUM444.047591.227136.857177.895

    total apparel504.400676.712153.512199.154

    Rest60.35385.48516.65521.259

    Uruguay

    20032004Mar-04Mar-05change

    433433 M/B suit-typ CT3.5143.6000.8820.98812%

    435435 W/G coats0.6492.1760.0100.020100%

    446446 W/G wool sweater1.0671.8660.0190.03584%

    445445 M/B wool sweater0.6531.8560.0200.052160%

    438438 Knit shirts, blouses1.2570.6420.0350.033-6%

    SUM7.14010.1400.9661.128

    total apparel10.20111.8041.5511.493

    Rest3.0611.6640.5850.365

    Chart1

    1618.351

    1463.295

    885.892

    868.062

    380.835

    338.109

    327.231

    207.336

    2089.155

    US Imports from ALADI - Important Categories

    OTEXA II

    ALADI states

    2004

    347347 M/B trousers1,618.351

    348348 W/G slacks etc.1,463.295

    338338 M/B knit shirts885.892

    339339 W/G knit blouses868.062

    659659 Other MMF apparel380.835

    638638 M/B knit shirts338.109

    647647 Trousers327.231

    639639 W/G knit blouses207.336

    SUM total apparel8,178.266

    Rest2,089.155

    648Slacks180.412

    649Bras157.997

    433M/B suit-typ CT40.622

    447Wool trousers25.876

    443M/B wool suits23.523

    239Baby garment20.975

    345Cotton sweater9.902

    352Cotton underwear8.878

    350Dresses, gowns etc4.318

    446W/G wool sweater3.212

    351Nightwear/Pyjama2.710

    435W/G coats2.564

    445M/B wool sweater2.244

    438Knit shirts, blouses0.786

    ALADI

    1618.351

    1463.295

    885.892

    868.062

    380.835

    338.109

    327.231

    207.336

    2089.155

    339 W/G knit blouses10%

    659 Other MMF apparel5%

    638 M/B knit shirts4%

    647 Trousers4%

    639 W/G knitblouses2%

    338 M/B knit shirts11%

    348 W/G slacks etc. 18%

    347 M/B trousers20%

    Bolivia

    21.625

    7.003

    2.302

    1.276

    0.818

    0.144

    6.055

    Bolivia Apparel Export 2004 to the USA

    338 M/B knit shirts56%

    339 W/G knit blouses18%

    351 Nightwear/Pyjama6%

    348 W/G slacks etc. 3%

    446 W/G wool sweater2%

    438 Knit shirts, blouses0%

    Brazil

    50.596

    14.492

    14.16

    8.878

    7.577

    4.318

    34.52

    Brazil Apparel Export 2004 to the USA

    Chile

    4.047

    3.985

    3.899

    3.883

    8.197

    Chile Apparel Export 2004 to the USA

    Colombia

    124.243

    87.934

    39.321

    33.139

    32.863

    23.898

    247.836

    Colombia Apparel Export 2004 to the USA

    Rest 41%

    Ecuador

    3.107

    1.217

    0.528

    0.408

    0.388

    12.218

    Ecuador Apparel Export 2004to the USA

    Mexico

    1469.949

    1310.259

    555.464

    540.591

    345.319

    312.482

    2150.771

    Mexico Apparel Export 2004to the USA

    Rest32%

    Peru

    290.947

    251.883

    13.947

    13.23

    11.318

    9.902

    85.485

    Peru Apparel Export 2004 to the USA

    Uruguay

    3.6

    2.176

    1.866

    1.856

    0.642

    1.664

    Uruguay Apparel Export 2004 to the USA

  • US Apparel Imports by RegionSource: OTEXA and emergingtextiles.com

    Chart1

    15.621.880.448.493.85-14.1748.05-5.22

    4.292.43-5.5630.670-97.3640.91-5.31

    1.4764.222.532.915.97-58.6971.343.58

    -7.4517.2826.3723.199.7929.430.826.55

    338/339

    340/640

    347/348

    352/652

    349/649

    350/650

    638/639

    647/648

    % change

    US Apparel Imports: Change by Region in Major Categories

    Chart2

    15.624.291.47-7.45

    1.882.4364.217.28

    0.44-5.5622.5326.37

    8.4930.672.9123.19

    3.8505.979.79

    -14.17-97.36-58.6929.43

    48.0540.9171.340.82

    -5.22-5.313.586.55

    CAFTA

    SSA

    Andean

    ASEAN

    % change

    US Apparel Imports: Change in Major Categories by Region

    Sheet1

    Category

    338/339340/640347/348352/652349/649350/650638/639647/648

    CAFTA15.621.880.448.493.85-14.1748.05-5.22

    SSA4.292.43-5.5630.67--97.3640.91-5.31

    Andean1.4764.222.532.915.97-58.6971.343.58

    ASEAN-7.4517.2826.3723.199.7929.430.826.55

    Sheet2

    Sheet3

  • US Apparel Imports by RegionSource: OTEXA and emergingtextiles.com

    Chart1

    15.621.880.448.493.85-14.1748.05-5.22

    4.292.43-5.5630.670-97.3640.91-5.31

    1.4764.222.532.915.97-58.6971.343.58

    -7.4517.2826.3723.199.7929.430.826.55

    338/339

    340/640

    347/348

    352/652

    349/649

    350/650

    638/639

    647/648

    % change

    US Apparel Imports: Change by Region in Major Categories

    Chart2

    15.624.291.47-7.45

    1.882.4364.217.28

    0.44-5.5622.5326.37

    8.4930.672.9123.19

    3.8505.979.79

    -14.17-97.36-58.6929.43

    48.0540.9171.340.82

    -5.22-5.313.586.55

    CAFTA

    SSA

    Andean

    ASEAN

    % change

    US Apparel Imports: Change in Major Categories by Region

    Sheet1

    Category

    338/339340/640347/348352/652349/649350/650638/639647/648

    CAFTA15.621.880.448.493.85-14.1748.05-5.22

    SSA4.292.43-5.5630.67--97.3640.91-5.31

    Andean1.4764.222.532.915.97-58.6971.343.58

    ASEAN-7.4517.2826.3723.199.7929.430.826.55

    Sheet2

    Sheet3

  • StructureT&C Tradein LatinAmerica7 ChallengesFor LAFindingResponses

  • World Garment Exports: Declining Growth Rates Source: WTO; idea: D. Birnbaum

    Chart1

    108.371990

    117.330.0826797084

    132.290.1275036223

    128.79-0.0264570262

    140.10.0878173771

    157.880.1269093505

    164.1430.0396693691

    182.280.1104951171

    183.330.0057603687

    186.030.0147275405

    197.030.0591302478

    193.69-0.0169517332

    200.850.0369662863

    Value

    Change

    Year

    Value in $ Billions

    Year on Year Change

    Global Garment Trade

    Data

    19901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003

    World108370117330132290128790140100157880164143182280183330186030197030193690200850

    U.S.26997276963295135605386434136743317502975572058785671156639166731

    EU Total56846640186958465185683317654081678874848635486853801798087784882

    EU Intra28412

    EU Extra28434339603708836645387034333546235471184918950983473514828251022

    U.S.

    SME6,0076,1497,0797,5468,4219,2559,65811,34912,88614,10316,03516,10317,25618,864

    Value21,93722,59526,71328,21631,38634,64936,38942,82748,17650,79557,23256,46056,96361,164

    FOB$3.65$3.67$3.77$3.74$3.73$3.74$3.77$3.77$3.74$3.60$3.57$3.51$3.30$3.24

    China Market Share338/339638/639340341347/348

    World119.761.326.813.484.3

    China2.22.20.70.82.3

    2%4%3%6%3%

    181.041.1363636364

    2.43%

    Countries

    19901997200219901995200219952002

    World108,370182,280200,85068%10%

    Bangladesh5851,3574,1310.5%0.7%2.1%132%204%

    Cambodia 2002 (U.S.)001,4770.0%0.0%0.7%697%296351%

    Canada3281,0151,9880.3%0.6%1.0%209%96%

    China9,66931,80341,3028.9%17.4%20.6%229%30%

    Costa Rica (U.S.)3828407250.4%0.5%0.4%120%-14%

    Domincan Republic US)6942,2162,1620.6%1.2%1.1%219%-2%

    El Salvador US)541,0521,6750.1%0.6%0.8%1835%59%

    EU11,33814,95615,71910.5%8.2%7.8%32%5%

    Guatemala1916821,6580.2%0.4%0.8%258%143%

    Honduras1139182,4400.1%0.5%1.2%714%166%

    Hong Kong9,2669,3298,3068.6%5.1%4.1%1%-11%

    Hungary3591,1191,2960.3%0.6%0.6%212%16%

    Re6,14013,77814,0375.7%7.6%7.0%124%2%

    India (01)2,5304,3435,4832.3%2.4%2.7%72%26%

    Indonesia1,6462,9044,5311.5%1.6%2.3%76%56%

    Israel4826005490.4%0.3%0.3%24%-9%

    Korea7,8794,1924,3067.3%2.3%2.1%-47%3%

    Lesotho U.S.)25863930.0%0.0%0.2%248%355%

    Macao1,1111,8051,6481.0%1.0%0.8%62%-9%

    Malaysia1,3152,3371,9631.2%1.3%1.0%78%-16%

    Mauritius6198929490.6%0.5%0.5%44%6%

    Mexico5875,6368,0110.5%3.1%4.0%860%42%

    Morocco7227242,3420.7%0.4%1.2%0%223%

    Pakistan1,0141,8102,2280.9%1.0%1.1%79%23%

    Philippines6812,3192,3840.6%1.3%1.2%241%3%

    Peru1203265300.1%0.2%0.3%172%63%

    Poland (94)3652,22319150.3%1.2%1.0%509%-14%

    Romania 944291,7522,7800.4%1.0%1.4%308%59%

    Singapore9954403860.9%0.2%0.2%-56%-12%

    South Africa0712380.0%0.0%0.1%0%233%

    Switzerland (94)6867157630.6%0.4%0.4%4%7%

    Sri Lanka (94)6381,4742,4410.6%0.8%1.2%131%66%

    Taiwan3,9873,4092,1973.7%1.9%1.1%-14%-36%

    Thailand2,8173,6863,5752.6%2.0%1.8%31%-3%

    Tunisia1,1262,2992,6011.0%1.3%1.3%104%13%

    Turkey3,3316,6976,6613.1%3.7%3.3%101%-1%

    U.S.2,5658,6727,0122.4%4.8%3.5%238%-19%

    Vietnam (03)0262,3750.0%0.0%1.2%0%9054%

    Total Garment Exports from China and the developed countries

    Exports in MillionsWorld Market Share

    199019972002199019972002

    Greater China26,18656,71565,29324%31%33%

    Canada3281,0151,9880%1%1%

    EU External11,33814,95615,71910%8%8%

    Israel4826005490%0%0%

    Korea7,8794,1924,3067%2%2%

    Switzerland6867157631%0%0%

    Taiwan3,9873,4092,1974%2%1%

    U.S.2,5658,6727,0122%5%3%

    Total53,45190,27497,82649%50%49%

    Total Garment Exports from Traditional Garment Exporting Countries

    Exports in MillionsWorld Market Share

    199019972002199019972002

    India (01)2,5304,3435,4832%2%3%

    Indonesia1,6462,9044,5312%2%2%

    Malaysia1,3152,3371,9631%1%1%

    Mauritius6198929491%0%0%

    Pakistan1,0141,8102,2281%1%1%

    Thailand2,8173,6863,5753%2%2%

    Tunisia1,1262,2992,6011%1%1%

    Turkey3,3316,6976,6613%4%3%

    Total14,39824,96827,99213%14%14%

    Total Garment Exports from Traditional Garment Exporting Countries

    CountryExports in MillionsWorld Market Share

    199019972002199019972002

    Bangladesh5851,3574,1311%1%2%

    Cambodia001,4770%0%1%

    Lesotho25863930%0%0%

    Mexico5875,6368,0111%3%4%

    Morocco7227242,3421%0%1%

    Poland3652,2231,9150%1%1%

    Romania4291,7522,7800%1%1%

    Sri Lanka6381,4742,4411%1%1%

    South Africa0712380%0%0%

    Vietnam0262,3750%0%1%

    CBI (Caribbean)1942758494712%4%5%

    Total3,35113,32423,7275%11%18%

    Sheet3

    World

    19901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003

    Value108117132129140158164182183186197194201225.94

    Change8%13%-3%9%13%4%11%1%1%6%-2%4%12%

    1990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002

    U.S.27283336394143505659676667

    EU28343737394346474951474851

    U.S.3%19%8%9%7%5%16%11%6%14%-1%1%

    EU19%9%-1%6%12%7%2%4%4%-7%2%6%

    19901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003

    Units6,0076,1497,0797,5468,4219,2559,65811,34912,88614,10316,03516,10317,25618,864

    FOB$3.65$3.67$3.77$3.74$3.73$3.74$3.77$3.77$3.74$3.60$3.57$3.51$3.30$3.24

    Sheet3

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    Global Garment Trade

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    U.S. and EU Garment Imports

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    U.S. Garment Imports

  • 1. Prices will fall furtherMore supply and quota rents are gone

    Source: Robin Anson, Director Textiles Intelligence; ITMF, Dresden October 2003; www.textilesintelligence.com and Textile Outlook International No. 110 March-April 2004

    Chart1

    1.65

    2.2

    2.31

    2.4

    2.41

    2.35

    2.33

    2.23

    2.18

    2.14

    1.89

    1.83

    US$/sme

    Trends in US T&C import prices, 1983-2003

    1.65

    Sheet1

    19831.65

    19892.2

    19942.31

    19952.4

    19962.41

    19972.35

    19982.33

    19992.23

    20002.18

    20012.14

    20021.89

    20031.83

    Sheet1

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    US$/sme

    Trends in US T&C import prices, 1983-2001

    Sheet2

    Sheet3

  • US Apparel Imports Unit Value Jan 05 to Jan 04Source: OTEXAChina prices down: 9% on average but up to 50% in key products in US (35% in EU)

    US Apparel Imports per Category

    -1.72-3.92

    -2.5715.02

    1.12-6.29

    -1.96-19.75

    3.928.06

    World unit value change

    China unit value change

    Change in %

    US Apparel Imports per Category in January 2005

    USApparelImports per CategoryII

    -2.09-50.96

    -5.3-37.35

    -4.78-53.86

    -2.22-46.56

    -2.5-54.9

    -9.27-48.43

    World unit value change

    China unit value change

    Change in %

    US Apparel Imports per Category in January 2005

    USApparelImports p. CategoryIII

    -2.85-15.99

    6.14-19.09

    3.52-8.95

    4.88-24.73

    7.6-28.03

    3.45-5.13

    World unit value change

    China unit value change

    Change in %

    US Apparel Imports per Category in January 2005

    US Apparel Imp. Central America

    22.81

    20.76

    -9.71

    -4.79

    7.63

    27.91

    Volume change January 05

    Change in %

    US Apparel Imports from Central America in January 2005

    US Apparel Import from Asia

    20.37

    1.25

    -4.72

    -14.75

    9.38

    28

    47.05

    13.31

    -34.93

    -25.71

    Volume change Jan 05

    Change in %

    US Apparel Imports from Asia in January 2005

    Chart data

    US Apparel Imports per Category in January 2005

    World Jan-05 unit value changeChina Jan-05 unit value changeunit value= US$ per unit

    Apparel-1.72-3.92

    Cotton apparel-2.5715.02

    Wool apparel1.12-6.29

    MMF apparel-1.96-19.75

    Baby garments3.928.06

    Knit shirts M/B (338)-2.09-50.96

    Knit shirts W/G(338)-5.3-37.35

    Skirts (342)-4.78-53.86

    Trousers M/B (347)-2.22-46.56

    Trousers W/G (348)-2.5-54.9

    Cotton underwear (352)-9.27-48.43

    Knit shirts M/B (638)-2.85-15.99

    Knit shirts W/G (639)6.14-19.09

    N-knit shirts M/B (640)3.52-8.95

    Trousers M/B (647)4.88-24.73

    Trousers W/G (648)7.6-28.03

    Underwear (652)3.45-5.13

    Chart data II

    US Apparel Imports in January 2005

    Volume change Jan 05

    Central America countries

    Guatemala22.81Panama

    El Salvador20.76Honduras

    Costa Rica-9.71Nicaragua

    Mexico-4.79Belize

    Dom. Rep.7.63

    Honduras27.91

    ASEAN + China + Bangladesh, Hong Kong and Macau

    Cambodia20.37Laos

    Indonesia1.25Singapore

    Malaysia-4.72Brunei

    Philippines-14.75

    Thailand9.38

    Vietnam28

    China47.05

    Bangladesh13.31

    Hong Kong-34.93

    Macau-25.71

  • US Apparel Imports Unit Value Jan 05 to Jan 04Source: OTEXA

    US Apparel Imports per Category

    -1.72-3.92

    -2.5715.02

    1.12-6.29

    -1.96-19.75

    3.928.06

    World unit value change

    China unit value change

    Change in %

    US Apparel Imports per Category in January 2005

    USApparelImports per CategoryII

    -2.09-50.96

    -5.3-37.35

    -4.78-53.86

    -2.22-46.56

    -2.5-54.9

    -9.27-48.43

    World unit value change

    China unit value change

    Change in %

    US Apparel Imports per Category in January 2005

    USApparelImports p. CategoryIII

    -2.85-15.99

    6.14-19.09

    3.52-8.95

    4.88-24.73

    7.6-28.03

    3.45-5.13

    World unit value change

    China unit value change

    Change in %

    US Apparel Imports per Category in January 2005

    US Apparel Imp. Central America

    22.81

    20.76

    -9.71

    -4.79

    7.63

    27.91

    Volume change January 05

    Change in %

    US Apparel Imports from Central America in January 2005

    US Apparel Import from Asia

    20.37

    1.25

    -4.72

    -14.75

    9.38

    28

    47.05

    13.31

    -34.93

    -25.71

    Volume change Jan 05

    Change in %

    US Apparel Imports from Asia in January 2005

    Chart data

    US Apparel Imports per Category in January 2005

    World Jan-05 unit value changeChina Jan-05 unit value changeunit value= US$ per unit

    Apparel-1.72-3.92

    Cotton apparel-2.5715.02

    Wool apparel1.12-6.29

    MMF apparel-1.96-19.75

    Baby garments3.928.06

    Knit shirts M/B (338)-2.09-50.96

    Knit shirts W/G(338)-5.3-37.35

    Skirts (342)-4.78-53.86

    Trousers M/B (347)-2.22-46.56

    Trousers W/G (348)-2.5-54.9

    Cotton underwear (352)-9.27-48.43

    Knit shirts M/B (638)-2.85-15.99

    Knit shirts W/G (639)6.14-19.09

    N-knit shirts M/B (640)3.52-8.95

    Trousers M/B (647)4.88-24.73

    Trousers W/G (648)7.6-28.03

    Underwear (652)3.45-5.13

    Chart data II

    US Apparel Imports in January 2005

    Volume change Jan 05

    Central America countries

    Guatemala22.81Panama

    El Salvador20.76Honduras

    Costa Rica-9.71Nicaragua

    Mexico-4.79Belize

    Dom. Rep.7.63

    Honduras27.91

    ASEAN + China + Bangladesh, Hong Kong and Macau

    Cambodia20.37Laos

    Indonesia1.25Singapore

    Malaysia-4.72Brunei

    Philippines-14.75

    Thailand9.38

    Vietnam28

    China47.05

    Bangladesh13.31

    Hong Kong-34.93

    Macau-25.71

  • 2. Country & Enterprise Consolidation

    Source: US Department of Commerce: Report to the Congressional Textile Caucus on the administrations efforts on textile issues; Washington, September 2002

    Chart1

    60

    30

    15

    Year

    Number of Countries

    Likely Post 2004 Sourcing Pattern

    Sheet1

    Under Quota60

    Year 2005/630

    Year 201015

    Sheet1

    Year

    Number of Sources

    Likely Post 2004 Sourcing Pattern

    Sheet2

    Sheet3

  • Changing Enterprise RequirementsMega companies or smaller flexible firms >Supplier has more responsibilitySpeed to market counts (standard apparel: timely replenishment; fashion apparel: quick response)Trade policy and foreign investor response were key for apparel export development in many LDCs

  • Mega Companies:Global Process for a Dress ShirtSelected by fabric mill & quality is fineGood relationship & good in piece dyeVertical setup by fabric millMajor shirt factory in TAL

  • 3. China as a WTO Member & Major PlayerUS clothing imports from China: 2002: +60%; 2003: +46%; 2004: + 32%; Jan-Apr 2005: +67%Japan: 85% of all clothing imports from ChinaAustralia: 69% of clothing and 21% of all textile imports from ChinaJanuary 2005 exports to EU: Knit apparel up 163%; woven apparel up 80%January 2005 exports to US: Knit apparel up 111%; woven apparel 79%

    US retailer view o China:A workforce that sets standards for productivityA responsive and nimble textile industryModern and speeds portsOne of the most efficient supply chainsThus: Operational excellence can be found in China

  • Source: China Customs, 02/05Chinas T-Shirt Exports to the EU in Jan 05

    Chart

    Chart

    18566.12

    5864.2

    Volume change

    Change in %

    Chart data

    China's T-Shirt Exports in January 2005

    Jan 05/Dec 04 volume change in %Unit Value change in %

    Hungary18566.121.17

    Poland5864.20-45.99

    Germany883.05-51.83

    Spain881.41-46.26

    US679.96-57.67

    Italy571.98-49.75

    France502.58-39.15

    Ukraine328.85

    Czech Republic324.7927.93

    Denmark299.35-30.41

    England206.86-35.24

    Canada162.25-14.77

    Hungary1.17

    Poland-45.99

    Volume change

    Unit value change

    Change in %

    China's T-Shirt Exports in January 2005

    Germany

    Germany

    Spain

    Spain

    US

    US

    Italy

    Italy

    France

    France

    Ukraine

    Ukraine

    Czech Republic

    Czech Republic

    Denmark

    Denmark

    England

    England

    Canada

    Canada

    Hungary

    Hungary

    Poland

    Poland

    883.05

    -51.83

    881.41

    -46.26

    679.96

    -57.67

    571.98

    -49.75

    502.58

    -39.15

    328.85

    324.79

    27.93

    299.35

    -30.41

    206.86

    -35.24

    162.25

    -14.77

    1.17

    -45.99

    Sheet2

    Sheet3

  • US Imports of Cotton T-Shirts Jan 05 Jan 04Source: OTEXA

    Chart

    206.566.72

    158.73-7.92

    122-27.26

    112.34-6.05

    86.04-10.57

    5.943.6

    1.1418.08

    -13.37-16.52

    -15.67-11.93

    -21.56Lesotho

    Volume change

    Unit value change

    Change in %

    US Imports of Cotton T-Shirts in January 2005

    Chart data

    US Imports of Cotton T-Shirts in Janauary 05

    Jan 04-Jan 05 volume change in %Jan 04-Jan 05 Unit Value change in %

    Cambodia206.566.72

    China158.73-7.92

    India122.00-27.26

    Guatemala112.34-6.05

    Haiti86.04-10.57

    El Salvador5.943.6

    Honduras1.1418.08

    Dom. Rep.-13.37-16.52

    Mexico-15.67-11.93

    Lesotho-21.56-

  • 4. Use of Trade Remedies Safeguards (fairly traded imports)Antidumping duties (unfairly traded imports): mainly yarns, fabrics & made ups; trade chilling effectCountervailing duties: Unfair trade practicesT&C products as targets for retaliation in dispute settlement cases.Possibility of new quotas against China1) Special T&C Safeguards until 31/12/20082) Product Specific Safeguards until 10/12/2013 (all products, not only T&C)To be discussed in detail tomorrow

  • Discriminatory Trade Policy Decision Influence Sourcing Decisions

    Source: USA-ITA

    Chart3

    0.15

    0.29

    0.5

    0.02

    0.04

    After 2005, who do you think will have the most impact on international sourcing decisions?

    Beginning

    Beginning in 2005, where do you thing most U.S. imports will be made?

    1Asia87%

    2Central America2%

    3Mexico and Canada (NAFTA)2%

    4South Asia (India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh6%

    5Africa2%

    Beginning

    Beginning in 2005, where do you thing most U.S. imports will be made?

    After

    After 2005, who do you think will have the most impact on international sourcing decisions?

    1U.S. and European government officials15%

    2Sourcing executives from retailers and importers29%

    3International World Trade Organization50%

    4Buying agents2%

    5International manufacturers4%

    100%

    After

    After 2005, who do you think will have the most impact on international sourcing decisions?

    Rank import order

    What do you rank as the single most important factor for placing 2005 import orders?

    1Low cost31%

    2Consistent quality36%

    3Speed to Market22%

    4Product Development Capabilities5%

    5Compliance with Codes of Conduct6%

    Rank import order

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    What do you rank as the single most important factor for placing 2005 import orders?

    Vendor rank import order

    What do you rank as the most important factor for placing 2005 orders if the vender has consistent quality and competitive costs?

    1Compliance with Codes of Conduct22%

    2Product Development Capabilities11%

    3Speed to Market52%

    4Vertical integration15%

    Vendor rank import order

    What do you rank as the most important factor for placing 2005 orders if the vender has consistent quality and competitive costs?

    How important will free trade

    Beginning in 2005, how important will free trade / preferentail trade agreements be?

    1Impossible to source competitive products without them3%

    2Important as one element in a sourcing strategy59%

    3Not important unless they are renegotiated and simplified.21%

    4They will be useless against competition from China17%

    How important will free trade

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Beginning in 2005, how important will free trade / preferential trade agreements be?

  • 5. Doha Trade Negotiations and T&CNAMA Negotiations: reduction of high tariffs, tariff peaks and escalations; specific formula; sector approach?; additional provisions for LDCs & newly acceded countries (less than full reciprocity)Adjustment related issues impact NAMARules negotiations (e.g. ITCB request on AD)Identification, categorisation, examination & treatment of NTBsSouth-South trade under NAMA or GSTP?ITCB and its future role for South AmericaMarket access & development aspects of cotton

  • 6. Multilateral vs. Complex System of FTAsCAFTA/Andean RTA negotiations distracts from NAMA (short vs. long term)RTAs need to provide new benefits, incl. regional cumulationBut NAMA can erode these preferencesOther countries also receive preferences:AGOA and Canada with easy RofOQIZ in Jordan and EgyptEU: New GSP scheme, incl. cumulation

  • But Preferential & Differential Treatment is Equally Important

    Source: USA-ITA

    Chart6

    0.03

    0.59

    0.21

    0.17

    Beginning in 2005, how important will free trade / preferential trade agreements be?

    Beginning

    Beginning in 2005, where do you thing most U.S. imports will be made?

    1Asia87%

    2Central America2%

    3Mexico and Canada (NAFTA)2%

    4South Asia (India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh6%

    5Africa2%

    Beginning

    Beginning in 2005, where do you thing most U.S. imports will be made?

    After

    After 2005, who do you think will have the most impact on international sourcing decisions?

    1U.S. and European government officials15%

    2Sourcing executives from retailers and importers29%

    3International World Trade Organization50%

    4Buying agents2%

    5International manufacturers4%

    100%

    After

    After 2005, who do you think will have the most impact on international sourcing decisions?

    Rank import order

    What do you rank as the single most important factor for placing 2005 import orders?

    1Low cost31%

    2Consistent quality36%

    3Speed to Market22%

    4Product Development Capabilities5%

    5Compliance with Codes of Conduct6%

    Rank import order

    What do you rank as the single most important factor for placing 2005 import orders?

    Vendor rank import order

    What do you rank as the most important factor for placing 2005 orders if the vender has consistent quality and competitive costs?

    1Compliance with Codes of Conduct22%

    2Product Development Capabilities11%

    3Speed to Market52%

    4Vertical integration15%

    Vendor rank import order

    What do you rank as the most important factor for placing 2005 orders if the vender has consistent quality and competitive costs?

    How important will free trade

    Beginning in 2005, how important will free trade / preferentail trade agreements be?

    1Impossible to source competitive products without them3%

    2Important as one element in a sourcing strategy59%

    3Not important unless they are renegotiated and simplified.21%

    4They will be useless against competition from China17%

    How important will free trade

    Beginning in 2005, how important will free trade / preferential trade agreements be?

  • 7. New Rules (e.g. FTAs, RTAs, Security)Preferential treatment: continued USCBP interventionCodes of Conduct - Ethical SourcingECO Labelling: Remain voluntary but can reduce market access

    Security: US Customs-Trade Partnership Against

    US Customs-Trade Partnership Against TerrorismUnder the Department of Homeland SecurityEnvisaged a supply chain covering manufacturersManufacturer monitoring to include security complianceE.g. verification of job applicationsUS customs to visit manufacturers randomlyMandatory advanced cargo electronic informationThat could add extra transit timeLogistics: US Advance Manifest RulesVessel: 24 hours prior to port landingAir & Courier: 4 hours to arrival in USRail: 2 hours prior to arrivalTruck: 1 hour prior to arrival in USEl Salvador was visited 3 times between 2000 and 2003Understandable records, in which steps of production are clear.Actual production machinery necessary.Payment for materials & payroll.Export documentation, incl. shipping records.Contracts, incl. with subcontractors.Cutting, assembly and out-processing records.Certificates of Origin.

  • Summary: / Challenges1. Price reduction2. Consolidation3. China? Or rather Improving Competitiveness4. Use of trade remedies 5. DDA and T&C Trade6. Multilateral approach vs. FTAs/RTAs7. Imposition of new (buyers) rules

    Mitumba: Trae grew from 0.4 billion $ in 1980 to 1.4 billion $ in 2000. Taking the low cost of 2nd hand clothing into consideration the quantities are large!Welfare implications: Poor consumers gain; supply chai industry for 2nd hand clothing gains (importers, traders, merchants). T&C industry loses. In order to reduce Mitumba: Tax incentives for those who donate to charities;b) Lack of information on the consumer/donators side n the mplications

  • StructureT&C Tradein LatinAmerica7 ChallengesFor LAFindingResponses

  • Closer Regional CooperationSmall countries will not be able to develop a vertically integrated industryA regional (or inter-regional) vertical approach is neededRTAs need to integrate closer regional cooperation, incl. Regional sourcing, CAFTA exampleRTAs could lead to product & market diversificationAFTEX: developing regional complementarities & exploiting synergies: and in Latin America

  • 3 Areas of South-South Trade Developmenta) DCs as a market; QUAD market: 80% of world imports; post-ATC growth rate expected to be 1-5%Large DC will grow much fasterGSTP could be a door-opener

    b) S-S Trade of intermediaries to export to traditional markets (value chain cooperation)c) Improve relationship with foreign investorsTCDC is key for all three areasCotton development needs to be seen in light of S-S trade

  • Hubs & Spokes Changes to Hub & Regional Hubs

    USACRDRESGNKSNMLHCAFTASub Saharan AfricaMex & CANWhat is in it for South America?

  • Diversifying into MMF Apparel Exports to USThe production skills set is not very different, but sourcing skills are neededImproving buyer relationship as any diversification strategy needs cooperation with buyers (to expand & to support the product switch)Partnership with national and/or regional suppliersJoint marketing of regional apparel and textile companies

  • US Imports from SA: Fibre Composition

    Data

    US Imports: Development

    < - 15%> + 50%

    in million US$20032004% changeJan-04Jan-05% changeFeb-04Feb-05%changeMar-04Mar-05%change

    ChinaTotal MFA11,608.82814,559.92825.42%1,198.2051,146.715-4.30%2,002.9353,362.40067.87%2,971.3684,769.73560.52%

    Apparel7,257.5948,928.03223.02%732.8381,035.40941.29%1,226.9812,306.94788.02%1,818.8553,263.77679.44%

    Cotton Apparel2,395.1432,754.90615.02%250.353430.66172.02%407.7181,079.598164.79%595.5101,547.651159.89%

    MMF Apparel2,829.7173,354.97518.56%218.681336.63253.94%349.904700.621100.23%519.736984.70189.46%

    Wool Apparel311.775370.32018.78%10.85918.21367.72%15.40037.478143.36%20.15051.059153.39%

    ArgentinaTotal MFA17.39924.52040.93%1.6271.84113.15%3.0713.046-0.84%4.9205.68015.46%

    Apparel5.0544.893-3.19%0.6170.268-56.56%1.0110.522-48.30%1.5541.030-33.76%

    Cotton Apparel3.2432.914-10.14%0.5030.143-71.57%0.7740.260-66.33%1.1000.629-42.84%

    MMF Apparel1.5771.6524.76%0.0820.11742.68%0.2000.23517.77%0.3870.351-9.17%

    Wool Apparel0.1080.220103.70%0.0170.007-58.82%0.0210.008-63.13%0.0440.010-76.46%

    BoliviaTotal MFA34.27739.52415.31%2.5473.17124.50%4.9305.0271.97%9.1688.211-10.33%

    Apparel33.95939.22315.50%2.5353.14424.02%4.9054.9831.57%9.1128.161-10.43%

    Cotton Apparel30.32035.82718.16%2.4542.96520.82%4.6524.565-1.85%8.6547.663-11.47%

    MMF Apparel1.3901.182-14.96%0.0210.109419.05%0.1520.318109.02%0.3330.3607.90%

    Wool Apparel2.2482.191-2.54%0.0590.07018.64%0.1000.098-1.96%0.1230.13912.91%

    BrazilTotal MFA405.468407.7510.56%42.58236.166-15.07%76.69570.188-8.48%112.773113.4410.59%

    Apparel148.492134.541-9.40%12.11010.050-17.01%21.06919.075-9.47%32.15131.054-3.41%

    Cotton Apparel128.041109.767-14.27%10.4607.563-27.70%17.27714.412-16.59%25.54423.173-9.29%

    MMF Apparel19.84123.33517.61%1.6181.89317.00%3.3664.04420.15%6.1647.07114.70%

    Wool Apparel0.5431.291137.75%0.0270.5872074.07%0.4120.59945.26%0.4200.76281.48%

    ChileTotal MFA13.06729.488125.67%0.8183.293302.57%1.5214.801215.68%2.9736.830129.75%

    Apparel10.79824.011122.37%0.4682.827504.06%1.0844.049273.40%2.2915.295131.15%

    Cotton Apparel1.0017.673666.53%0.0210.9164261.90%0.0801.1611348.04%0.1601.399772.81%

    MMF Apparel0.3940.934137.06%0.0090.018100.00%0.0270.067147.36%0.1250.17338.47%

    Wool Apparel8.52714.80673.64%0.4281.470243.46%0.9652.292137.61%1.9933.19360.27%

    ColombiaTotal MFA538.925636.34918.08%43.73351.02116.66%91.092100.57310.41%145.303156.2807.55%

    Apparel497.536589.23418.43%41.38647.68315.22%85.33394.68310.96%134.862146.9098.93%

    Cotton Apparel316.637361.59914.20%25.99529.97815.32%53.85260.03211.47%85.66492.2147.65%

    MMF Apparel114.257150.05731.33%7.83210.48833.91%17.56720.02914.01%28.38731.37210.51%

    Wool Apparel65.38476.66717.26%7.4727.186-3.83%13.75014.4705.24%20.46923.10712.89%

    EcuadorTotal MFA18.07019.92910.29%1.0781.0921.30%2.7442.336-14.89%4.7303.812-19.42%

    Apparel15.41117.86615.93%1.0411.0480.67%2.6032.240-13.96%4.3413.635-16.25%

    Cotton Apparel5.0997.88654.66%0.5360.527-1.68%1.3941.001-28.22%2.2521.539-31.65%

    MMF Apparel8.8558.514-3.85%0.4840.5156.40%1.1781.2143.05%2.0262.024-0.11%

    Wool Apparel1.3971.385-0.86%0.0160.005-68.75%0.0250.024-1.17%0.0510.07139.63%

    MexicoTotal MFA7,940.8087,793.282-1.86%545.184524.443-3.80%1,144.9361,097.168-4.17%1,835.1881,705.275-7.08%

    Apparel6,903.7366,684.835-3.17%467.485449.067-3.94%978.125928.592-5.06%1,563.2151,436.378-8.11%

    Cotton Apparel4,499.2224,391.547-2.39%293.088290.569-0.86%612.536595.721-2.75%985.571918.201-6.84%

    MMF Apparel2,158.8432,066.825-4.26%159.175144.286-9.35%329.711300.690-8.80%522.618466.555-10.73%

    Wool Apparel239.371220.867-7.73%14.74913.619-7.66%34.75930.993-10.83%53.43449.903-6.61%

    PeruTotal MFA516.134691.55433.99%49.26863.25528.39%102.139128.25325.57%156.491203.34529.94%

    Apparel504.400676.71234.16%48.15461.78328.30%100.143125.48925.31%153.512199.15429.73%

    Cotton Apparel486.459632.63530.05%47.10458.56024.32%97.141119.42122.94%147.746190.19928.73%

    MMF Apparel7.80330.315288.50%0.6412.911354.13%2.3455.369128.92%4.9178.06464.03%

    Wool Apparel10.06813.57934.87%0.3210.308-4.05%0.4960.67235.57%0.6840.86125.73%

    UruguayTotal MFA14.48517.16618.51%0.6200.92449.03%1.9261.629-15.42%2.6842.633-1.90%

    Apparel10.20111.80415.71%0.4040.4449.90%1.1600.894-23.00%1.5511.493-3.75%

    Cotton Apparel0.4350.381-12.41%0.0250.010-60.00%0.1270.074-41.77%0.1350.19342.58%

    MMF Apparel0.5210.373-28.41%0.0850.040-52.94%0.1990.063-68.39%0.2280.112-50.86%

    Wool Apparel9.15411.02120.40%0.2920.38531.85%0.8110.748-7.71%1.1641.1801.34%

    VenezuelaTotal MFA2.2351.708-23.58%0.0620.07012.90%0.1610.1641.83%0.2860.32413.24%

    Apparel1.3160.700-46.81%0.0370.006-83.78%0.0780.075-4.03%0.1690.147-13.30%

    Cotton Apparel0.9660.387-59.94%0.0030.0030.00%0.0130.050287.02%0.0570.08040.40%

    MMF Apparel0.3360.292-13.10%0.0340.003-91.18%0.0640.025-61.26%0.1080.055-48.96%

    Wool Apparel0.0010.0111000.00%---0.0000.000-100.00%0.0000.000-100.00%

    2003-2004

    5.0544.893

    33.95939.223

    148.492134.541

    10.79824.011

    497.536589.234

    15.41117.866

    6903.7366684.835

    504.4676.712

    10.20111.804

    1.3160.7

    2003

    2004

    US$ millions

    US - ALADI Apparel Imports 2003/2004

    Jan-Feb-Mar 04-05

    0.6170.2681.0110.5221.5541.03

    2.5353.1444.9054.9839.1128.161

    12.1110.0521.06919.07532.15131.054

    0.4682.8271.0844.0492.2915.295

    41.38647.68385.33394.683134.862146.909

    1.0411.0482.6032.244.3413.635

    467.485449.067978.125928.5921563.2151436.378

    48.15461.783100.143125.489153.512199.154

    0.4040.4441.160.8941.5511.493

    0.0370.0060.0780.0750.1690.147

    janv.04

    janv.05

    fvr.04

    fvr.05

    mars.04

    mars.05

    US$ millions

    US - ALADI Apparel Imports: Jan 04/05 - Feb 04/05

    2004

    2.9141.6520.22

    35.8271.1822.191

    109.76723.3351.291

    7.6730.93414.806

    361.599150.05776.667

    7.8868.5141.385

    4391.5472066.825220.867

    632.63530.31513.579

    0.3810.37311.021

    0.3870.2920.011

    Cotton Apparel

    MMF Apparel

    Wool Apparel

    US - ALADI Apparel Imports 2004

  • The Phenomenon: Most Duty-free Access Utilisation is for Cotton Apparel

    AndeanAGOAJordanCBIWorld

    Chart1

    333458133273611523686836755239704

    186080220331917829045720364760592

    651946383768629840306744928437

    273286415725476938662636751154

    6017054708385143231014020409

    87490078132305483191805400

    91655406312387205601416739833

    143514735218252487265384390

    275072687413464004699886110

    94913040147471548212968233

    2002

    2003

    2004

    Chart2

    1.792012781820022.385579180820026.877413802320026.38648054520022.8981548478

    1.883131186720032.693802470420036.33771408420035.675630903620032.8036866067

    1.804845165620042.558045125620045.286714602420045.338444484220043.2863404093

    World Cotton/MFF

    CBI Coton/MMF

    Andean Cotton/MMF

    AGOA Cotton/MMF

    Jordan Coton/MMF

    Ratio Cotton/MMF Apparel

    US Apparel Imports Cotton Apparel/MMF Apparel

    Sheet1

    US Imports for Cotton and MMF Apparel

    Ratio of Cotton Apparel import to MMF Apparel imports

    200220032004200220032004

    World Cotton333458133273611523686836755239704World Cotton/MFF1.791.881.80

    MMF186080220331917829045720364760592

    CBI Cotton651946383768629840306744928437CBI Coton/MMF2.392.692.56

    MMF273286415725476938662636751154

    Andean Cotton6017054708385143231014020409Andean Cotton/MMF6.886.345.29

    MMF87490078132305483191805400

    AGOA Cotton91655406312387205601416739833AGOA Cotton/MMF6.395.685.34

    MFF143514735218252487265384390

    Jordan Cotton275072687413464004699886110Jordan Coton/MMF2.902.803.29

    MFF94913040147471548212968233

    Sheet2

    Sheet3

  • Tariff Peaks for Cotton & MMF Apparel

    Source: USAID and USITC

    Sheet1

    US Tariff and Quota tariff Equivalents by Fibre type

    FibreTrade Weighted MFN Tariff (%)Quota Tariff Eqivalent (%)Total Protection (Tariff + Quota tariff Equivalent)

    Cotton153045

    Synthetic232750

    Other (wool, etc.)22830

    Sheet2

    US Apparel Inputs by Fiber and Tariff

    CottonMMF

    ProductMFN RateMFN Rate

    Average13.223.4

    Trousers, Breeches, Shorts

    Knit15.528.2

    Woven16.628.3

    Shirts & Blouses

    Knit2032

    Woven17.626.4

    Dresses

    Knit11.515.5

    Woven8.416

    Nightwear, Pajamas

    Knit8.916

    Woven8.916

    Coats, Overcoats, etc.

    Knit15.928.2

    Woven13.223.4

    Sheet3

    CottonMMF

    ProductMFN RateMFN Rate

    Average13.223.4

    Trousers, Breeches, Shorts

    Knit15.528.2

    Woven16.628.3

    Shirts & Blouses

    Knit2032

    Woven17.626.4

    Origin requirementsRight of USCBP to visit factories to verify production and records (recordkeeping!)Alowing goods to be detained pending verification of eligibility for preferencesSolution:Evaluate the benfits as proof of origin will continue to be important:Good record keeping is keyEnsure factories are prepared to receive CBPOPA orders will still be under greater scrutiny

  • SummaryCloser Regional Cooperation (macro and meso level (AFTEX example)South-South Trade at 3 levelsDiversification into MMF products coupled with south-south cooperation

  • THANK YOU !For more informationhttp://www.intracen.org/textilesandclothingContact: Matthias Knappe, Senior Market Development [email protected]

  • WTO Rules Governing T&C TradeFrom 2005

    Presentation by Mr. Matthias KNAPPEALADI Secretariat Montevideo, Uruguay, 25-26 May 2005

  • Rules prevailing from 1 January 2005WTO principles of transparency & non-discriminationExceptions: regional trade agreements & special and prefential treatmentAntidumping rules prevent unfair trading practicesSafeguards prevent injury from trade flowDispute settlement mechanism to resolve disputes that might arise.

  • Trade Remedies Safeguards (fairly traded imports)Antidumping duties (unfairly traded imports): mainly yarns, fabrics & made ups; trade chilling effectCountervailing duties: Unfair trade practicesT&C products as targets for retaliation in dispute settlement cases.Possibility of new quotas against China1) Special T&C Safeguards until 31/12/20082) Product Specific Safeguards until 10/12/2013 (all products, not only T&C)

  • Possibility for China special T&C SafeguardsUntil 31/12/2008 for ATC produc