2014 Petunjuk Prakt Blok 22 Tadulako

download 2014 Petunjuk Prakt Blok 22 Tadulako

of 29

  • date post

    03-Jun-2018
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    218
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of 2014 Petunjuk Prakt Blok 22 Tadulako

  • 8/12/2019 2014 Petunjuk Prakt Blok 22 Tadulako

    1/29

    GUIDE OF PRACTICAL WORK

    PHARMACOLOGY AND THERAPY DEPARTMENT

    BLOCK 22

    MODUL NAME

    1. Nosocomial Infection

    2. Tropical Medicine

    3. TB Control ro!ram

    ". #$%stances A%$se

    1

  • 8/12/2019 2014 Petunjuk Prakt Blok 22 Tadulako

    2/29

    PHARMACOLOGY AND THERAPY DEPARTMENT

    FACULTY OF MEDICINE

    UNIVERSITAS GADJAH MADA

    RULES AND REGULATIONS GOVERNING LABORATORY WORK

    IN THE DEPARTMENT OF PHARMACOLOGY AND THERAPY, FACULTY OF

    MEDICINE, UNIVERSITAS GADJAH MADA

    1. In t&e la%orator' of &armacolo!' dnd T&erap' Department( t&e st$dents &a)e to

    *ear la%orator' coats and s&oes( and are not allo*ed to *ear sandals.

    2. It is imperati)e t&at st$dents %e in t&e la%orator' in time. T&ose *&o arri)e 1+

    min$tes after t&e d$e time are denied permission into t&e la%orator'

    3. Before a session( t&e st$dents *ill recei)e assi!nments to %e prepared for t&e

    follo*in! session.

    ". After ta,in! part in t&e t&ree sessions( t&e st$dents *ill &a)e to sit for an e-am( t&e

    time for *&ic& *ill %e anno$nced later.

    +. T&e total !rade a st$dent *ill !et comprises +/ for t&e e-am and +/ for

    la%orator' report.

    2

  • 8/12/2019 2014 Petunjuk Prakt Blok 22 Tadulako

    3/29

    WRITING PRESCRIPTION

    AimsT&e aims of t&is session are st$dent *ill %e a%le to0

    Calc$late dr$! dose

    Determine t&e proper medication dosa!e re!imen( incl$din! dose( ro$te of

    administration( fre$enc' of administration( time of administration( and d$ration of

    t&erap'

    rite a prescription

    BACKGROUND

    One of t&e processes in an inte!rated patient mana!ement is prescri%in!. After t&e

    doctors e-amine t&e patient( ma,e a dia!nosis( and determine t&e treatment plan( t&e ne-t

    step often done %' a p&'sician is *ritin! a prescription. rescri%in! process is as important

    as t&e pre)io$s processes. T&ro$!& t&is prescription s&eet( doctors *ill indirectl'

    comm$nicate *it& patients t&ro$!& a p&armacist.

    To *rite a !ood and ri!&t prescription( st$dents need to $nderstand &o* to calc$late

    dr$! dosa!es( ro$tes of administration( fre$enc' of administration( time of administration(

    and d$ration of t&erap'. In addition( t&ere are ot&er t&in!s t&at need to %e o%ser)ed *&en

    prescri%in!( *&ic& is dr$! dosa!e form a)aila%le in t&e mar,et.

    TOOLS AND MATERIALS

    #cenarios

    rescription paper

    " paper

    PROCEDURES

    Ten cases of scenario %elo* s&o$ld %e done %' eac& st$dent. Eac& case t&en *ill %e

    disc$ssed and presented to t&e ot&er st$dents. T&e follo*in! s&o$ld %e considered in t&e

    disc$ssion of eac& case

    1. Determine t&e proper medication dosa!e re!imen incl$de0 dose( ro$te of

    administration( fre$enc' of administration( time of administration( and

    d$ration of t&erap'

    2. rite a prescription medicine

    T&e follo*in! are t&e case0

    3

  • 8/12/2019 2014 Petunjuk Prakt Blok 22 Tadulako

    4/29

    1. A &'sician *ants to prescri%e paracetamol ta%lets for Aldi( a 12 'ear4old %o'( "

    ,!( s$fferin! from common cold.

    Genei! n"me D#$ D%s"$e Genei! &%m

    aracetamol 141+ m!5,!5dose( e)er' "46 &o$rs Ta%let + m!#'r$p 76 ml8 12

    m!5+ml

    9a* material

    2. A &'sician *ants to prescri%e antacid c&e*a%le ta%let to Mrs. Dede( a 3 'ear4old

    *oman( + ,!( s$fferin! from ac$te !astritis.

    Genei! n"me D#$ D%s"$e Genei! &%m

    Mi-t$re ofAl7O:83and

    M!7O:83

    Al7O:83 can %e !i)en $p to 1!ram55administration

    M!7O:83 can %e !i)en $p to

    1 !ram55administration

    Antasida DOEN c&e*a%leta%let contains Al7O:832

    m! and M!7O:83 2 m!

    Antasida DOEN s$spension

    76ml8( eac& + ml contains0

    Al7O:832 m! and

    M!7O:83 2 m!

    3. &'sicians *ant to prescri%e Cotrimo-a;ol s'r$p for Clara( 3 'ears 1+ ,!( s$fferin!

    from d'senter' %asiler.

    Genei! n"me D#$ D%s"$e Genei! &%m

    Cotrimo-a;ol "

  • 8/12/2019 2014 Petunjuk Prakt Blok 22 Tadulako

    5/29

    6. A &'sician *ants to prescri%e Anti&emorroid DOEN s$ppositor' to Mr. Dian( +"

    'ears old @ ,! s$fferin! from internal &emorr&oids.

    Genei! n"me D#$ D%s"$e Genei! &%m

    Anti&emorroidDOEN

    Once a da'( 1 s$ppositor'%efore sleep

    Eac& 1 rectal s$ppositor' ofAnti&emoroid DOEN

    contains0

    Bism$t& s$%!alat 1+ m!

    :e-ac&lorofen 2.+ m!

    Lido,ain 1 m!

    #en! o,sida 12 m!

    #$pp ad 2 !

    @. Mrs #$san 36 'ears old came to t&e doctor *it& complaints of itc&in! after $sin! acertain %rand of talc$m po*der. &'sical e-amination fo$nd er't&ematosa

    pap$lo)esic$la in t&e armpit( c&est and el%o*s. Doctor dia!nosed t&at s&e &as

    aller!ic contact dermatitis. T&e doctor t&en prescri%ed &'drocortisone cream.

    Genei! n"me D#$ D%s"$e Genei! &%m

    :'drocortisone Dosa!e .+41/.

    Topicall' $sed e)er' 6412 &o$rs

    :'drocortison cream 1/ or

    2.+/ in t$%e + !

  • 8/12/2019 2014 Petunjuk Prakt Blok 22 Tadulako

    6/29

    1. Dino( 1+ 'ears old( came to a doctor a%o$t &is %lood' diarr&ea and &ad defecated

    t&ree times a da' for t*o da's. &'sical e-amination indicated t&at t&ere *ere no

    si!ns of de&'dration. T&e faeces e-amination infested *it& trop&o;oit of

    Entamoeba hystolitica. T&e dia!nose *as Amoe%iasis *it&o$t de&'dration and t&e

    doctor prescri%ed metronida;ol and oral re&'dration li$id.

    Genei! n"me D#$ D%s"$e Genei! &%m

    Metronida;ole Ad$lt0 +4@+ m!5dose( e)er'

    < &o$rs

    Ta%let 2+ m! and + m!

    Oralit Ad$lts0 2 to " mL for e)er'

    diarr&eaOralit 2 ml5sac&et

    L%!"'i%n 0 &armacolo!' and T&erap' Department( ac$lt' of Medicine( Uni)ersitas

    ?ad>a& Mada

    D#"'i%n0 1 - 12 min$tes

    EALUATION

    Assi!nment d$rin! la%orator' practice.

    9EE9ENCE#

    9oac&( #. 2".Introductory Clinical Pharmacology. @t&ed.I#I( 2@. ISO Indonesia7Informasi #pesialite O%at Indonesia8(

    #ri #$&armi( 22(Resep Dokter dan Proses Preskripsi yang Benar dan Rasional( Ba!ian

    armasi =edo,teran a,$ltas =edo,teran U?M( o!'a,arta

    #'arif( 9.A( M$rini( T.( dan a&'$nin!si&( M.#.:. 212. Pedoman Dasar Penulisan

    Resep Dokter untuk Pasien nak. Ba!ian arma,olo!i dan Terapi a,$ltas =edo,teran

    U?M.

    Faman4Goenoes( N. 21. rs Prescribendi Resep !ang Rasional. Edisi 1. Airlan!!a

    Uni)ersit' ress.

    6

  • 8/12/2019 2014 Petunjuk Prakt Blok 22 Tadulako

    7/29

    9E#C9ITION ANAL#I#

    AIM0

    After doin! t&e acti)it' it is e-pected t&at st$dentHs ,no*led!e a%o$t prescription

    *ritin! increases and st$dent are a%le to t&in, criticall' to an' prescription *&ic& t&e' read

    and anal';e.

    9E#UME O T:EO9

    Until no* it is still fo$nd t&at a prescription is ille!i%le and not *ritten completel'.

    :ealt& Ministerial 9e!$lation No 2651

  • 8/12/2019 2014 Petunjuk Prakt Blok 22 Tadulako

    8/29

    9OCEDU9E

    Me'(%)

    #t$dents are di)ided into some !ro$ps 734" persons5!ro$p8. One *ee, %efore t&is

    session( eac& !ro$p *ill recei)e assi!nments to %e prepared for t&is session. T&e

    assi!nment is a doctorHs prescription to %e anal';ed %' $sin! t&e follo*in! criteria %elo*.

    T&e st$dents &a)e to ma,e a repot of t&e assi!nment and s$%mit it one da' %efore t&e

    practical *or,. On D4da' t&e st$dent present t&e s&ort report *ritten on transparent plastic

    and disc$ss it *it& ot&er !ro$ps.

  • 8/12/2019 2014 Petunjuk Prakt Blok 22 Tadulako

    9/29

    O9M O 9E#C9ITION ANAL#I#

    A. Completeness of a prescription

    Complete

    7'es5no8

    9i!&t5le!i%le

    7'es5no8

    E-planation

    DoctorHs Identit'

    Superscription 915.

    925.

    935.

    etc.

    Inscription 915.

    925.

    935.

    etc.

    Subscription 915.925.

    935.

    etc.

    Signa "Signatura# 915.

    925.

    935.

    etc.

    DoctorHs si!nat$re 915.

    925.

    935.etc.

    atientHs Identit'

  • 8/12/2019 2014 Petunjuk Prakt Blok 22 Tadulako

    10/29

    B. rescription form

    1. T'pe of prescriptions

    915.

    925.

    935. etc.

    2. Ma!istral form 7present5none8

    If t&ere is ma!istral form( e-plain $sin! t&e criteria0

    In!redients T&e name of acti)e

    medicinal a!ent

    Effects5$nctions

    Remedium Cardinale7principal dr$!s8

    Remedium d$u%ant

    7ad>$)ant8

    Corrigens

    Constituents&%ehicle

    3. Official form 7present5none8

    If t&ere is official form( e-plain composition and effects of t&e medicine

    ". #pecial form 7present5none8

    If t&ere is special form( e-plain t&e content and effect of t&e medicine

    +. Narcotic dr$!s 7present5none8

    Name 0

    rite t&e dr$! in a prescription.

    B. 1 Dosa!e re!imen 7dosa!e( ro$te of administration( fre$enc'( time of

    administration( and d$ration of treatment8

    2. Dr$! Interaction 7present5none8

    C. &armace$tical dosa!e form selected %' t&e doctor