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  1. 1. gamomcemloba `nakaduli 1988w. mTargmneli neli amaSukeli ana frankis dRiuri 12 ivnisi, 1942 1 agvisto, 1944 germanulidan Targmna, winasityvaoba da SeniSvnebi daurTo neli amaSukelma winasityvaoba am wignze mSralad da Cveulebrivi miudgomlobiT laparaki SeuZlebelia, radgan metad uCveuloa misi damweris bedi. oTxkedelSua gamoketili 13 wlis gogona ori wlis manZilze gulwrfelad aqsovda dRiurSi sakuTar gancdebs, fiqrebs, imedebs, wuxils, SiSs, xan emociis gamomwvev, xanac Rimilis momgvrel STabeWdilebebs. Cveulebrivi bavSvuri uSualobiT dawyebuli dRiuri, erTsa da imave adamianebTan yoveldRiuri urTierTobiT da yofiTi wvrilmanebiT SezRudul, mZime, saxifaTo garemoSi, gogonas uaxloesi megobari da mesaidumle gaxda. ararsebul megobars anam kiwi daarqva da misgan eloda nugeSsa da Semweobas. Tu sikvdils ver gaeqceoda, anas undoda, misi dRiuri masTan erTad daRupuliyo, magram moxda ise, rom ana daiRupa, dRiuri ki gadarCa. gadarCa mxolod dRiuri, kacobriobis istoriaSi erT-erTi usaSinlesi drois mamxilebeli dokumenti. germanelma faSistebma totaluri saxelmwifos Seqmnisa da msoflioSi gabatonebis ideas msxverplad moutanes yvelaferi adamianuri. faSistebi gegmianad, meTodurad spobdnen ara marto xalxs, aramed kacobriobis zneobriv monapovarsac. es iyo dro, roca evropaSi milionobiT udanaSaulo adamianis sisxli iRvreboda da sakoncentracio banakebSi krematoriumebi bolavda. swored am TavaSvebuli rbevis, Zaladobisa da masobrivi mkvlelobis msxverpli gaxda patara ana. anas mama, oto franki, daibada germaniaSi, mainis frankfurtSi; universitetis damTavrebis Semdeg komerciul saqmianobas mihyo xeli. monawileobda pirvel msoflio omSi. 1933 wels, rogorc ki germaniaSi faSisturi reJimi damyarda, oto frankma ojaxi holandiaSi gadaiyvana da faSistebis risxvas ganerida. amsterdamSi, prinsengraxtze, saxli daiqirava da firma gaxsna. axlad dawyebuli cxovreba TiTqos mSvidad, normalurad mimdinareobda, magram germanelebma holandia daipyres da kvlav daiwyo ebraelTa sastiki devna. anas mamam germanelebis xelSi Cavardnas damalva arCia; 1942 wlis zafxulSi, holandieli TanamSromlebis daxmarebiT, firmis Senobis ukana nawili saTanadod moawyo da, roca mis ufros qaliSvils, margos, gestapodan uwyeba mouvida, col-Svili winaswar momzadebul `TavSesafarSi~ gadaxizna. amave TavSesafarSi gadmovida kidev erTi ojaxi, van daani coliTa da vaJiSviliT. bolos maT `ojaxs~ merve wevri, kbilis eqimi duseli Seemata. amgvarad rva adamiani iatakqveS aRmoCnda da TavSesafris mkacr reJims daemorCila. patara ana xalisianad, ndobiT, udardelad Sescqeroda cxovrebas; celqobda, keklucobda, alerssa da yuradRebas moiTxovda. uecrad bedma gare samyaros moswyvita, oTx kedelSi gamoketa, dRis sinaTle da haeri moanatra. amieridan is mxolod qurdulad, fardis WuWrutanidan uyurebda cxovrebis ulazaTo dinebas, xolo TavSesafarSi Zalauneburad erTad Seyrili adamianebis ubadrukobas, angariSianobas da kinklaobas xedavda. am sulis SemxuTav garemoSi TiTqos unda damWknariyo, daClungebuliyo jer kidev moumwifebeli goneba da grZnoba, magram moxda piriqiT; swored aq gaiSala, naadrevad momwifda da gamomJRavnda anas niWi. https://www.facebook.com/groups/ELLIB/
  2. 2. dauokebelma cnobismoyvareobam, STabeWdilebaTa Rrma gancdam, rTulma, winaaRmdegobebiT savse bunebam, sakuTari Tavisadmi da gare samyarosadmi kritikulma damokidebulebam gauRrmava anas aRqmis unari, xedvas SeaCvia da ufaqizesi grZnobis gadmocema aswavla. ana Zalze saxifaTo da daZabul momentebSic ki amCnevs cxovrebis sasacilo movlenebs. misi ironia erTsa da imave dros javSanicaa da adamianuri sisustisa da yofiTi wvrilmanebisadmi Semwynarebloba da siyvarulic. damoukidebeli, kritikuli xedvis unari dRiTi dRe Rrmavdeba da miukerZoeblobisa da simarTlisaken swrafvas verc axlo naTesauri damokidebuleba axSobs da verc pirveli siyvaruli. ane gacilebiT mets amCnevs da ukeTesadac, vidre TavSesafris danarCeni mkvidrni, ufro realurad uyurebs cxovrebas, met uSualobas iCens adamianebTan urTierTobaSi da cdilobs gaerkves sakuTar grZnobebSi, amaRldes, daZlios SiSi, gaTavisufldes eWvebisa da meryeobisagan, ipovos mtkice sayrdeni, Rirseulad Seegebos damcirebasa da sikvdils. magram rac ufro izrdeba gonebrivad, miT ufro rTuldeba cxovreba. ana grZnobs sakuTar gaorebas, Sinagan winaaRmdegobas gare samyarosTan da bolos im daskvnamde midis, rom maTi morigeba an sasurveli mimarTulebiT warmarTva mis Zal-Rones aRemateba. misTvis bevri ram aris amqveynad bneliT moculi da gaugebari, magram erTi ram yovelTvis cxadia: adamiani Sromismoyvare, keTili da faqizi unda iyos. axla zedmeti da Znelicaa imaze laparaki, Tu ra gziT ganviTardeboda anas niWi da ras SesZenda literaturas, magram ase naTlad gamokveTili mxatvruli alRo, msjelobis unari, mignebebi da saTqmelis mokled, ZiriTad StrixebSi gadmocemis niWi mis asakSi bevr did mweralsac ar hqonia. SeiZleba amas dromac Seuwyo xeli. ebraelTa sastikma devnam, darbevam, wamebam, mTeli eris mospobis saSiSroebam, omiT gamowveulma siduxWirem, adamianTa dakninebam da binZuri, veluri instinqtebis zeimma igi Zalauneburad miiyvana im aucileblobamde, rom TviTon garkveuliyo movlenaTa viTarebaSi, gaeazrebina yvelaferi, rac mis irgvliv da qveyanaze xdeboda. ori wlis ganmavlobaSi anaam bevri ram Seigno, gadaafasa, uaryo da miiRo, magram bavSvuri sibrZniT ganWvretili cxovrebisa da adamianobisaTvis arasodes ar uRalatnia. igi gulxeldakrefili rodi eloda sikvdils; mecadineobda, Sromobda, werda, gulaxdilad esaubreboda ucnob megobars da am adamianuri iaraRiT ebrZoda araadamianur Zaladobas, romelic miuxedavad sikvdilisa, mainc ukuagdo da daamarcxa. ori weliwadi elodnen ltolvilebi sikvdils an Tavisuflebas da bolos Tavisuflebas isev sikvdilma daaswro. 1944 wlis 4 agvistos gestapom TavSesafari aRmoaCina da yvelani daapatimra. faSistebis risxva Tavs daatyda agreTve ebraelebis mfarvel holandielebsac. oto frankis TanamSromlebis da megobrebis eli vosenis, mip da henk van santenebis Tavdauzogavi zrunva amao aRmoCnda, maT ver ixsnes ganwirulni. kraleri da koophoisi ki, rogorc firmis mmarTvelebi, ltolvilebTan erTad daapatimres. mZime avadmyofi koophoisi cixidan male gaaTavisufles, xolo kraleri amersfortis banakSi moxvda, saidanac germaniaSi upirebdnen wayvanas, magram gaqceva moaxerxa da omis damTavrebis Semdeg col- Svils daubrunda. anas Segnebuli hqonda, Tu ra mZime tvirTi awva maT holandiel megobrebs da maTi bediT Sewuxebuli werda: `gana damalvas da amdeni saSinelebis gadatanas sikvdili ar jobda. maSin arc Cvens mfarvelebs CavagdebdiT safrTxeSi~. dapatimrebuli ebraelebi cixidan vesterborkis gamanawilebel banakSi moxvdnen. 3 seqtembers anas ded-mama da van daanebis ojaxi osvencimSi gagzavnes, 30 oqtombers ki margo da ana bergen-belzenis sakoncentracio banakSi gadaiyvanes. am banakSi ana Sexvda Tavis skolis megobars lis goosens, romlis Sesaxebac 1943 wlis 27 noembers werda: `guSin saRamos... Tvalwin naTlad warmomidga lisi. idga Cems win dakonkili, gamxdari, ybebCacvenili; misi didi
  3. 3. sevdiani Tvalebi sayveduriT micqerdnen, TiTqos meubnebodnen: ana, ratom mimatove, damexmare, mixseni am jojoxeTidan! ...ratom unda gadavrCe me, is ki sadRac Cakvdes?~. magram anas varaudi ar gamarTlda. lisi gadarCa da bergen- belzenSi anasTan Sexvedras ase igonebs: `anas ZonZebi ecva. sibneleSic ki Canda, rogor gamxdariyo. loyebi Cascvenoda, Tvalebi kidev ufro gafarToeboda... oriveni vtirodiT, videqiT da vtirodiT erTmaneTs ekliani mavTulxlarTebi gvaSorebda~. osvencimSi daiRupnen anas deda, col-qmari van daanebi, peteri da duseli. 1945 wlis TebervalSi bergen-belzenSi SimSilisagan gardaicvala margo, gazafxulis damdegs anamac dalia suli. ltolvilTagan gadarCa mxolod anas mama. igi ixsna sabWoTa armiam, romelmac osvencimi daikava da visac suli edga, mzrunveloba ar moaklo. ganTavisuflebis Semdeg oto franki holandiaSi dabrunda, magram maxlobelTagan cocxali veRaravin ipova. damwuxrebuls elim da mipma anas dRiuri gadasces, romelic saxlis gaCxrekis Semdeg uwesrigod dayril Zvel wignebsa da Jurnal-gazeTebs Soris aRmoaCines da Seinaxes. ra icoda saidumlo policiam, rom uyuradRebod migdebuli bavSvis rveuli mTel msoflios aaRelvebda. ana frankis dRiuri aTjer gamoica holandiaSi, ocze met enaze iTargmna da msoflioSi milioniani tiraJiT gavrcelda. am dRiuris mixedviT Seqmnes piesebi da kinofilmebi. wignze mravali gamokvleva daiwera. ra kuTxiTac unda miudgeT anas dRiurs, umTavresi mainc misi gonebrivi ganviTarebis procesi da cxovrebisadmi damokidebulebaa. anam icoda, rom cxovrebam igi ori ukiduresobis zRvramde miiyvana an sikvdili, an gamarjveba; magram icoda isic, rom zogjer wamebiT sikvdili igive gamarjvebaa, momavlis sakeTildReod gamarjveba. amitom SerCa mas bolomde Sinagani Tavisufleba da sakuTari Rirsebis Segneba. ai, ras ambobs de viki, romelic anasTan erTad vesterborkis banakSi iyo: `ana franksa da peter van daans yoveldRe vxedavdi. mudam erTad iyvnen... anas Tvalebi ubrwyinavda... da ise Tavisuflad eWira Tavi, iseTi pirdapiri gamoxedva hqonda, rom Cems Tavs veubnebodi: igi xom aqac bednieria!~ neli amaSukeli am wignis Sesaxeb (germanuli gamocemidan) am Semzarav cxovrebiseul dokumentSi erT mTlianobadaa qceuli devnili ojaxis bedi da uCveulod niWieri da mgrZnobiare bavSvis sulieri cxovreba. arsebobis simZimem da sikvdilis mudmivma muqaram gaamZafra gogonas sulisa da gonebis gancdebi da grZnobebis gamoxatvis iseTi unari SesZina, romelmac misi dRiuri naadrevad mowifulTa sakuTrebad aqcia. SeuZlebelia, daiviwyo bavSvi, romelic misi ojaxis TavSesafris sazarel sxvenze aparula, raTa varskvlavebiT moWedil zecas ucqiros. sapyrobileSi, sadac adamianebma Seagdes, ana franki wers: `rodesac axloblebze fiqrob, tirili gindeba, SeiZleba mTeli dRe itiro. amitom isRa grCeba, rom RmerTs Seevedro, saswauli moaxdinos da zog maTgans sicocxle SeunarCunos! da me suliTa da guliT vloculob~. dRiuri 12 ivnisi, 1942 imedi maqvs, SemiZlia gando Sen yvelaferi, gando ise, rogorc aqamde aravis mivndobivar, imedi maqvs, Sen Cemi didi nugeSi iqnebi.
  4. 4. kvira, 14 ivnisi, 1942 paraskevs dilis eqvs saaTze gameRviZa. es gasagebicaa, Cemi dabadebis dRe iyo. magram ase adre adgomis ufleba ar mqonda da sanam Svids TxuTmeti daa