Tx history-ch-18.4

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Transcript of Tx history-ch-18.4

  • 1. Chapter 18:Texas & the Civil War Section 4:The Texas Home Front

2. Thinking Question

  • How might the Civil war have affected civilians?
  • How do you think Unionists were treated?

3. The Wartime Economy & the Draft

  • Texas suffered less than other Confederate states
  • Goods became scarce & expensive:
    • Paper
    • Medicine
    • Coffee

4. The Wartime Economy & the Draft

  • Texans adapted
  • Farmers grew less cotton and more corn and wheat
  • Slaveholders from other states sent their slaves to Texas to prevent them from being freed

5. The Wartime Economy & the Draft

  • Women & children ran plantations
  • Women worked to support the war

6. The Wartime Economy & the Draft Gov. Francis Lubbock (1861-1863) Gov. Pendleton Murrah (1861-1865) 7. The Wartime Economy & the Draft

  • April 1862:Confederate Congress enacted a draft
  • Draft law that was unpopular because some people received exemptions

8. The Wartime Economy & the Draft

  • White males 18-35
  • Later broadened to 17-50

9. The Wartime Economy & the Draft

  • Exemptions:
    • Certain jobs
    • Buy way out of service or provide substitute

10. Unionists in Texas

  • Confederate draft received opposition from Unionists
  • Most joined war effort, but some refused to fight
  • Unionists viewed as potentially dangerous traitors

11. Unionists in Texas

  • Martial law kind of rule sometimes established in parts of Texas that were Unionist

12. Unionists in Texas

  • Some Unionists violently attacked:
    • August 1862:60 Germans Texans attacked when fleeing to Mexico to escape draft
    • 50 Germans hanged in Central Texas when they organized to protest war
    • Oct. 1862:40 suspected Unionists hung in the Great Hanging in Gainesville

13. Illustration appeared inFrank Leslie's Illustrated Weekly NewspaperFebruary 20, 1864 14. 15. 16. 17. Problems for Unionists in Texas Effects on Unionists