TX History Ch 12.2

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Transcript of TX History Ch 12.2

  • 1. Chapter 12:A New Nation Section 2:Houstons First Term

2. Bellwork

  • What are the qualities of a good leader?

3. Houstons Administration

  • Oct 1835:Sam Houstonelected president of the Republic of Texas

Sam Houston 4. Houstons Administration

  • Houstons Goals:
    • Peace with American Indians
    • Keep guarded against Mexico
    • Annexation by the U.S.

5. Houstons Administration Secretary of State: Stephen F. Austin Secretary of the Treasury: Henry Smith 6. Houstons Administration Secretary of the Navy Samuel Rhodes Fisher Secretary of War Thomas J. Rusk 7. Houstons Administration

  • Supreme Court:
    • Chief Justice James Collinsworth
    • 4 Associate Justices
  • 4 District Courts
  • 23 County Courts

Chief Justice James Collinsworth 8. Houstons Administration

  • Texas claimed Rio Grande as boundary
  • Mexico claimed Nueces River as boundary

9. Houstons Administration

  • Ad interim government moved government to Columbia
  • Late 1836:Houston named temporary capital

10. Houston & Army Unrest

  • Felix Huston : Texas army commander who desired to invade Mexico
  • Replaced by Houston
  • Duel between Huston & Albert Sydney Johnson

Felix Huston 11. Houston & Army Unrest

  • Johnston unable to take command
  • Unrest grows
  • Commander urges a march on the capital

Albert Sidney Johnston 12. Houston & Army Unrest

  • President Houston reduced the size of the army in 1836 becauseunrest in the army threatened the new government .
  • Houston relied on theTexas Rangersand militia for frontier defense

13. Economic Policies

  • Expenditures government expenses
  • Revenues government income
  • National debt = $1.25 million

14. U.S. National Debt

  • Each citizens share = $30,224.49
  • Grows on average of $1.43 billion per day

As of Jan 21, 2008 15. Economic Policies

  • Efforts to solve problems:
    • Collected taxes and duties
    • Tried to get loans from the U.S.
    • Sale of public lands

16. Economic Policies

  • Panic of 1837: Financial crisis during Houstons administration
  • Began in U.S.
  • Texas heavily traded with the U.S.

17. Economic Policies

  • Limited supply
  • Not backed
  • Value dropped aftermore paper money was printed

Republic of Texas Currency 18. Land Policy Under Houston

  • 1836:Texas claimed over 200 million acres in public lands
  • Constitution of 1836 provided for sale of lands
  • Empresariosystem

19. Land Policy Under Houston

  • Heads of households:4,604 acres
  • Single men:1,476 acres
  • Distributed 37 million acres

20. Houstons American Indian Policy

  • Conflict spreads as settlement spreads
  • American Indians want to keep land, Texans want to remove Indians

21. Houstons American Indian Policy

  • Houston lived with theCherokeeIndians
  • Desired a peaceful solution

Sam Houston 22. Houstons American Indian Policy

  • Houston negotiated a treaty with the Cherokee
  • Cherokee guaranteed title to land
  • Senate refused to ratify

23. Houstons American Indian Policy

  • Ratify approve or accept formally
  • Cherokee become angry
  • Mexican agents convince Cherokee to attack

24. Houstons American Indian Policy

  • Chief Bowles Cherokee leader and friend of Sam Houston
  • Encourages Cherokee to remain patient

Chief Bowles 25. Houstons American Indian Policy

  • Gave Cherokee land to keep peace
  • Cherokee viewed as Mexican allies
  • Enlisted Chief Bowles to help keep peace with Plains Indians

26. Houstons American Indian Policy

  • Establishes line of forts along frontier
  • Used Texas Ranger to patrol frontier
  • Texans viewed Indians as a roadblock

27. Houstons American Indian Policy

  • Negotiated treaties with Indians
  • Houston believed the best American Indian policy wasto make peace with each American Indian group.

28. Problem Solution/Action Unruly Army Debt Lack of clear land policy Conflict with Indians