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Transcript of Tx history-ch-11.1

  • 1. Chapter 11: The Texas Revolution Section 1:The War Begins

2. Thinking Question

  • What events caused a build up in tensions between Texans and the Mexican government?

3. The Capture of Gonzales & Goliad

  • Santa Anna president of Texas in the 1830s
  • Texans angry Santa Anna would notfollow the Constitution of 1824

Antonio L pez de Santa Anna 4. The Capture of Gonzales & Goliad

  • Mexican officials demand that U.S. settlers at Gonzales turn over a cannon
  • Refused to hand over cannon

Gonzales Cannon 5. The Capture of Gonzales & Goliad

  • Bury the cannon in an orchard
  • Seek reinforcements
  • Removed a ferry crossing the Guadalupe River

6. The Capture of Gonzales & Goliad

  • Come and Take It
  • October 2, 1835:Texans attack Mexican force
  • One Mexican killed, no Texans killed

7. The Capture of Gonzales & Goliad

  • Mexicans retreat to San Antonio
  • General Mart n Perfecto de Cos orders 300 more troops to Texas

General Martn Perfecto de Cos 8. The Capture of Gonzales & Goliad

  • After Gonzales, the Texansattacked and defeated an army at Goliad
  • George Collinsworth and Ben Milam commanded a Texas force of about 50 settlers

9. The Capture of Gonzales & Goliad

  • Outnumbered, the Mexicans at Goliad surrender
  • Texas had cut off the Mexican armys supply route
  • Rebel army sets sights on San Antonio

10. The March on San Antonio

  • Volunteers at Gonzales begin to organize and attack on San Antonio
  • Stephen F. Austin elected general

11. The March on San Antonio

  • October 1835:Austin sets up camp outside of San Antonio
  • Received aid from Tejanos who had suffered after the arrival of Cos

12. The March on San Antonio

  • Texas Army ill trained and equipped
  • Infantry foot soldiers
  • Cavalry group of soldiers on horseback

13. The March on San Antonio

  • 90 men sent out to search for a good defensive position
  • Search Party attacked by a force of 400 Mexican soldiers

Jim Bowie James Fannin Andrew Briscoe 14. Jim Bowie

  • Born 1796 in Kentucky
  • Spent most of his life in Louisiana
  • Caught & rode wild horses,rode alligators, & trapped bears

15. Jim Bowie

  • Signed up to fight in the War of 1812
  • Engaged in illegal slave trading with Jean Lafitte
  • Had a fiery temper and got in many fights

16. Bowie Knife

  • Designed by Jims brother, Rezin Bowie, Jeff Cleft created the first knife
  • Given to Jim for protection
  • Gained fame after the Sandbar Fight

17. The March on San Antonio

  • Texans had a good defensive position
  • Texans possessed more accurate rifles
  • Texan troops won
  • Stephen F. Austin waits for reinforcements

18. The Grass Fight

  • Austin & troops lay siege to San Antonio
  • Austin chosen as a commissioner to the U.S.
  • Col. Edward Burleson takes command

Col. Edward Burleson 19. The Grass Fight

  • Deaf Smith, a scout,reports of approaching Mexican soldiers
  • Rumors spreads that soldiers are carrying silver

Erastus Deaf Smith 20. The Grass Fight

  • Texas troops attack
  • Find out Mexicans are carrying straw
  • Realize siege is effective

21. The Capture of San Antonio

  • Dec 4, 1835:Col Burleson orders a withdrawal from San Antonio
  • Captured Mexican officer says that the Mexican camp is weak and disorganized
  • Who will go with old Ben Milam into San Antonio?

22. The Capture of San Antonio

  • 300 rebels under the command of Milam and Francis Johnson attack San Antonio
  • Dec 5, 1835:Fighting begins
  • House-to-house fighting

Ben Milam 23. The Capture of San Antonio

  • Milam killed on third day of fighting
  • December 10:Cos surrenders
  • Cos allowed to lead his troops out of Texas

24. The Capture of San Antonio

  • By December of 1835, Texans had drivennearly all the Mexican soldiers out of Texas
  • Most Texans thought the conflict was over

25. First Battle of the Alamo

  • Cos used the Alamo as his headquarters
  • Made improvements to the Alamo
  • Surrendered at the Alamo