The Eight Parts of Speech The classification of words

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The Eight Parts of Speech The classification of words Slide 2 8 Parts of Speech 1. Nouns 2. Pronouns 3. Verbs 4. Adjectives 5. Adverbs 6. Prepositions 7. Conjunctions 8. Interjections Slide 3 1. Noun A noun is a person, place, thing, or idea. Slide 4 Nouns Some nouns we can perceive with our five senses. These are persons, places, and things. Some nouns cannot be perceived by the senses. They are ideas, thoughts, emotions, and beliefs. Slide 5 Examples Persons: - Thomas Jefferson - architect - girl Places - Salem - library - continent Slide 6 Examples Things: - desk - barn - boot Ideas: - curiosity - health - eternity Slide 7 Common Nouns Common nouns are a name common to a whole group. It does not specify a member of the group. (frog) Slide 8 Proper Nouns A proper noun is the name of an individual person, place, or thing. It is capitalized. (Blue Dart Frog) Slide 9 Examples Common: -singer -river -building Proper -Mariah Carey -Mississippi River -GlenOak High School Slide 10 2. Pronouns Pronouns are words used in place of nouns to avoid awkward repetition. Slide 11 Pronouns The word that the pronoun stands for or refers to is its antecedent. Ex: Kim said she would call the airport. (Kim is the antecedent of she.) Slide 12 6 kinds of pronouns 1. Personal 2. Compound personal 3. Indefinite 4. Demonstrative 5. Interrogative 6. Relative Slide 13 Personal Pronouns Takes the place of a persons name but may also take the place of things. Ex: Monica is a dancer. She has the lead in the school musical. Slide 14 Compound Personal Pronouns Pronouns that are combined with the suffix -self or -selves. Ex: myself, ourselves Slide 15 Indefinite Pronouns These are pronouns that do not refer to a specific person or thing. They sometimes have antecedents. Slide 16 Example: The players practiced in the rain. Some got sick. Players is the antecedent for the indefinite pronoun some. Slide 17 No antecedent example: Everything you say is true. anotherno one anybodyeverything anyoneeither both each manyone fewseveral Slide 18 Demonstrative Pronouns This, that, these, those: Pronouns that point to what they are referring to. Example: This is the poem I wrote. (This refers to poem) Slide 19 Interrogative Pronouns Pronouns that are used to ask questions. (Whose, Who, Whom, What, Which) Example: Who won the game? Slide 20 Relative Pronouns Some pronouns are used to relate one idea to another and these are called relative pronouns. Example: Mr. Talbott, who is the history teacher in our community, is an excellent cyclist. Slide 21 3. Verbs A verb tells what is happening in a sentence. A verb expresses action, condition, or state of being. Slide 22 2 verb categories ACTION VERBS: -Tell what the subject is doing -May be physical or mental LINKING VERBS: -Link or connect the subject of a sentence with a noun, pronoun, or adjective Slide 23 Action Verbs Examples: -Collide (visible) -Run (visible) -Enjoy (not) -Decide (not) Slide 24 Linking Verbs Can be sensory (like sounds, looks, and tastes), can be verbs of condition (like grew, became, seemed), or can be verbs of being. May have helping verbs with the main verb. Example: This book is now regarded as a classic. Slide 25 Verbs of Being -am- is- been -are- was- being -were- be Slide 26 2 kinds of action verbs Transitive: Who or what receives the action. Intransitive: Nothing receives the action. Slide 27 Examples (Transitive) He moved the car. Did they pass the law? *Ask who or what receives the action.* Slide 28 Examples (Intransitive) He moved. They passed. *Ask who or what receives the this case, there is nobody/nothing receiving the action. Slide 29 4. Adjectives Adjectives modify or describe nouns and pronouns. They tell which one, what kind, how many, or how much. Slide 30 Adjectives There is a row of yellow ducks. YELLOW says what kind of ducks so it is the adjective. Slide 31 The Articles A, an, and the are considered adjectives because they modify nouns. Slide 32 5. Adverbs Modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. Adverbs are sort of like adjectives. *Tell where, when, how, or to what extent* Slide 33 Examples: WHERE: They lingered outside. WHEN: The team left early. HOW: The story ended happily. TO WHAT EXTENT: The writing was totally illegible. Slide 34 6. Prepositions Common way to link and show relationships between words. Prepositions have objects. Example: The doctor went into the house. Slide 35 The preposition song!! About Above Across After Around At Slide 36 Song Before Behind Below Beside By Down During For From In Inside Near Of Off On Slide 37 Song Out Outside Over Through To Under Up With Without Slide 38 7. The Conjunction A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, and clauses. Conjunctive adverbs connect groups of words that could not stand alone. Slide 39 Examples Conjunctions And But So Or For Yet Conjunctive Adverbs Consequently Hence Also Furthermore However Slide 40 8. Interjection A word or group of words that expresses strong feeling or emotion. Wow! Help! Oh no! Attention! Slide 41 Source Building English Skills