Stakeholder Meeting Csss092909

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Transcript of Stakeholder Meeting Csss092909

  • 1.Waco 2050 Plan A Vision for the Heart of the CityJuly 2009

2. Walkable thoroughfares 3. The best way to move 35 people? 4. Auto Oriented Street Design 5. Pedestrian Unfriendly 6. Pedestrian Unfriendly 7. People even Pay Money to Walk 8. LA is always extreme 9. Overview New ways to look at street design Focus of Context Sensitive Solutions (CSS) What makes streets walkable? 10. Context Sensitive Solutions One Size Does Not Fit All Employment TownRegional Center District Residential Center NeighborhoodCommercial Corridor Main StreetIndustrial StResidentialCommercialMixed Use StreetStreetStreet 11. Institutionalizing Nationally 12. How does this apply ? Regional Transportation Plans Comprehensive Plans Area and Master Plans Performance Based MPO Selection Criteria Thoroughfare Plan Updates 13. Conventional Thinking Disregard context ofstreetApplied blindlywithout designerdiscretionDiscourage flexibilityFear of tort liability 14. CSS vs.Conventional Thinking Conventional CSS Approach Context:Context: Urban Suburban Rural General urban Urban center Urban core Design criteria primarily based Design criteria primarily based on: on: Functional classCommunity objectives Design speedFunctional class Forecast travel demandThoroughfare type Level of serviceAdjacent land use 15. Focus of CSS Major urban thoroughfares in walkable areas Major: arterials and collectors Urban/Downtowns: Walkable suburbs, town and city centers,neighborhoods mix of interactive land uses Viable, attractive choices Walking Biking Transit Photo: Skidmore, Owings, and Merrill LLP Context Sensitive Solutions inDesigning Major Urban 16. Focus of CSS Balance Safety Mobility Community objectives Environment Multimodal Involve public, stakeholders Interdisciplinary teams Flexibility in design Incorporate aesthetics Source: Minnesota Department of Transportation 17. CSS: In Pactice Simulation by Steve Price, Urban- Advantage 18. CSS: In PacticeSimulation by Steve Price, Urban-Advantage E. 14th Street and Davis Street, San Leandro 19. CSS: In Pactice Simulation by Steve Price, Urban- Advantage 20. CSS Design Framework Context zones: Suburbs - downtowns Street classification: Functional class Arterial Collector Thoroughfare type Boulevard Avenue Street Compatibility 21. Context ZonesSource: Duany Plater-Zyberk and Company 22. Thoroughfare Types Three classifications: Boulevard Avenue Street Basis for: Physical configuration Design criteria 23. Boulevard Divided arterial (4+ lanes) Target speed (45 mph or less) Through and local traffic Serve longer trips Access management Major transit corridor Primary freight route Emergency response route Limited curb parking 24. Multi-way Boulevard Characterized by: Central roadway for through traffic Parallel roadways access abutting property, parking, and pedestrian and bicycle facilities Parallel roadways separated from the through lanes by curbed islands Require significant right-of-way Special treatment of intersections 25. Avenue Arterial or collector (4 lanes max) Target speed (30 to 35 mph) Land access Primary ped and bike route Local transit route Freight - local deliveries Optional raised landscaped median Curb parking 26. Context Sensitive Solutions in Designing Major Urban 27. Street Collector or local 2 lanes Target speed (25mph) Land access primary function Designed to: Connect residential neighborhoods Connect neighborhoods with commercial districts Connect local streets to arterials May be commercial main street Emphasizes curb parking Freight restricted to local deliveries Context Sensitive Solutions in Designing Major Urban 28. Photographs from Michael King and Reid Ewing 29. Roadside Design Roadside zones: Edge Zone Furnishings Zone Throughway Zone (ADA) Frontage Zone Function and dimensions vary by context zone and adjacent land use 30. Roadside Design Roadside zones Public places Placement of roadsidefacilities Public art Sidewalk width andfunction Pedestrian buffers Sidewalk/driveway/alleycrossings Street furniture Utilities Landscaping/street trees 31. The Urban Roadside Uses and Activities Movement of pedestrians Access to buildings/property Utilities/appurtenances Transit stops Landscaping Urban design/public art Sidewalk cafes Business functions Civic spaces (plazas, seating) 32. Context Sensitive Solutions in Designing Major Urban 33. Intersection Design General principles Intersection sight distance Managing modal conflicts General intersection layout Curb return radii Channelized right turns Modern roundabouts Crosswalks Curb extensions Bicycle lane treatment Bus stops at intersections 34. What Makes People Walk? Practical Destinations 35. What Makes People Walk? Pleasant & Interesting EnvironmentaHuman Scale 36. What Makes People Walk?In most conventional suburban Walkable neighborhoods have streetsdevelopment, streets separate uses, that connect uses, with arterialsdiscouraging walking and forcingreserved for through traffic.even local trips onto arterial roads. 37. Walkable Networks-Why Do Networks Work? 38. Intersection Control 2 2 42Same TotalLanes662 More Capacity4 VMT2 Turns Clearance Time Signal Phase 39. New Traffic Engineering MOEs TraditionalPlace-Based Level of Service (auto) Level of Service (multi- Delay reduction (speed)modal) Highest functional Delay management (speedclassification (capacity)appropriate) Parking capacity (individual Most context sensitiveparcel)functional classification (multi-modal and internal capacity) Parking capacity (park once district/multiple parcels) 40. Networks Made of Walkable StreetsStreet Level Urban Redesign A redesign can do many things to improve the function, appearance and safety of a roadway. It can be accomplished by: Removing lanes from a multi-lane roadway4 lane to 3 lane conversionsCreate parking and/or bike lanes out of existinglanesWidening sidewalks to encourage pedestrianactivity