Slum Free City Plan for - Ministry of Housing and Urban...

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Transcript of Slum Free City Plan for - Ministry of Housing and Urban...

  • Slum Free City Plan for

    Indore Metropolitan Area

    Revised Draft Final Report May 2013

    Volume I Report and Appendices

    Prepared by

    Indore Municipal Corporation JnNURM Cell , Nehru Park, Indore, Madhya Pradesh

    With Technical Support from

    Urban Planners Mehta and Associates 102-Navneet Plaza, 5 /2 Old Palasia Indore, Madhya Pradesh

  • Revi sed S l um Free Ci ty P lan for Indore Munic i pa l Area Indore Muni c ipa l Corporat ion

    U r b a n P la n ner s I n d o r e M un i c i p a l M e h t a a n d A ss o c i a t es , C o r po ra t i on I n d o r e

    2 of 238

    With Technical Support from

    Preface

    Urban India is undergoing a transi t ion in terms of physical form, demographic profile and socio-economic diversi ty. The important role of ci t ies in national economic process and their global l inkages demand more attention for their development, than being hitherto given. Cit ies are expected to perform efficiently in keeping with emerging demands for employment, commerce, trade, industry and other services. Cit ies have to at tract investments for improving their efficiencies by way of up to date infrastructure, improved governance and affordable housing/living with modern amenities. Urban renewal of Indian ci t ies has been init iated to achieve the objectives.

    According to census of India, the urban population in the country as 2011 was 377 mill ion. This constituted 31.16% of the total population of 1210 mill ions. The net addition of populat ion in urban areas during the decade 2001-2011 was about 91 mill ion. The slum census, 2001 in towns with more than 50,000 population, numbering 607, reported 40.606 mill ion slum dwellers which amounted to 22.76% of the population living in those 607 towns/cit ies. This implies, nearly one out of every four persons reside in slums in our cit ies & towns. Slums generally lack basic infrastructure, housing, social amenit ies and this has implicat ions on health and productivi ty of the people l iving in such areas. This also has serious implications for future generation of people residing in such areas.

    Socially slum is a way of l ife, a special character which has i ts own set of norms and values reflected in poor sanitation, health values, health practices, deviant behaviour and social isolation. (Planning Commission).

    Slums and Squatters, as observed by the Working Group on Slums and Squatters which submitted i ts report to the Planning Commission in May 1998, are known by different names in different ci t ies katras or juggi jhompri in Delhi, jhompadpatti or chawls in Mumbai, bast i in Calcutta, cheris in Chennai and keris in Bangalore. [But their basic characterist ics remain the same i .e. di lapidated and infirm housing structures, acute overcrowding, faulty al ignment of streets, poor venti lat ion, inadequate l ighting, paucity of drinking water, water-logging during rains, absence of toi let facil i t ies and non availabil i ty of basic physical and social services].

    Slums and Squatters form about 38% of population of Indore. Though staying in such informal set t lements they contribute significantly to the economic, social , poli t ical and cultural characterist ics of the ci ty.

  • Revi sed S l um Free Ci ty P lan for Indore Munic i pa l Area Indore Muni c ipa l Corporat ion

    U r b a n P la n ner s I n d o r e M un i c i p a l M e h t a a n d A ss o c i a t es , C o r po ra t i on I n d o r e

    3 of 238

    With Technical Support from

    These sett lements have emerged as manifestat ions of poverty and inequali ty. In spite of the pro-poor policies of Government of Madhya Pradesh, these set t lements are growing faster than population growth rate of Indore. Despite various policies, which have been pronounced by the central government such as VAMBAY, BSUP JNNURM and Ayodhya Basti by State Government from time to t ime and implemented by the local agencies, population in Slums and Squatter set t lements continues to swell .

    City Specific Strategic Interventions to make cit ies Slum Free are of Significance. With the same objective Government of India has Launched Rajeev Awas Yojana (RAY) envisaging Slum Free India through encouraging States and Union Terri tories to tackle the problems in Slums in definit ive Manner. The Programme envisages that each State wil l prepare a Slum Free State Plan of Action identifying Priori ty Cit ies Intended to be covered under RAY in First Five Years for Preparation Slum Free City Plan. I t is expected to commit for a Whole City and Whole Slum Approach in preparing Slum Free City Plans.

    Government of Madhya Pradesh has Identif ied Indore, Bhopal, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Ujjain and Sagar as Priori ty City and Initiated actions to prepare Slum Free City Plans.

    I t is in this context the Consultancy assignment for the support in preparation of Slum Free City Plan of Indore Metropoli tan Area has been entrusted to Mehta and Associates Indore by the Indore Municipal Corporation . Mehta and Associates is group of Urban Planners and Technocrats and also are one of the Consultants empanelled by Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) and Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MoHUPA), Government of India for preparation of City Development Plans under Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission.

    This is Draft Final Report of Slum Free City Plan for Indore Metropoli tan Area.

  • Revi sed S l um Free Ci ty P lan for Indore Munic i pa l Area Indore Muni c ipa l Corporat ion

    U r b a n P la n ner s I n d o r e M un i c i p a l M e h t a a n d A ss o c i a t es , C o r po ra t i on I n d o r e

    4 of 238

    With Technical Support from

    Acknowledgement

    The Consulting Team Acknowledges the Support of Officers of Indore Municipal Corporation, Urban Administrat ion and Development Department Government of Madhya Pradesh, MPUSP and District Administration Indore the Preparation of Slum Free City Plan for Indore Metropoli tan Area.

    Planning Team

    Mehta and Associates, Indore

  • Revi sed S l um Free Ci ty P lan for Indore Munic i pa l Area Indore Muni c ipa l Corporat ion

    U r b a n P la n ner s I n d o r e M un i c i p a l M e h t a a n d A ss o c i a t es , C o r po ra t i on I n d o r e

    5 of 238

    With Technical Support from

    Planning Team

    Indore Municipal Corporation

    Mehta and Associates Indore

  • Revi sed S l um Free Ci ty P lan for Indore Munic i pa l Area Indore Muni c ipa l Corporat ion

    U r b a n P la n ner s I n d o r e M un i c i p a l M e h t a a n d A ss o c i a t es , C o r po ra t i on I n d o r e

    6 of 238

    With Technical Support from

    Table of Contents

    Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ................................................................ 2

    Acknowledgement.......... ........................................................................ 4

    Planning Team................. ..................................................................... 5

    Table of Content . . . . . . . . . . . . . .................................................................. 6

    List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .................................................................... 11

    List of Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ................................................................... 13

    List of Appendices . . . ........................................................................... 15

    Abbreviat ions . . . . . . . . . . .......................................................................... 17

    Chapter 1........................ .......................................................................... 20

    Introduction ........................................................................... 20

    1.1 Background ................................................................................. 211.1.1 Definition of Slum (Census and Slum Act) ................................. 21

    1.2 Growth of Slums in Urban Areas ....................................... 22

    1.3 Slum Development Initiatives in India ............................. 221.3.1 National Slum Development Programme (NSDP) ..................... 22

    1.3.2 VAMBAY ............................................................................................... 23

    1.3.3 JNNURM ................................................................................................ 24

    1.4 Rajiv Awas Yojana (RAY) .................................................... 251.4.1 Planning Methodology ....................................................................... 25

    1.5 Slum Free City Plan for Indore Metropolitan Area .... 27

    1.6 Approach and Methodology .................................................. 281.6.1 Preparatory Phase ................................................................................ 28

    1.6.2 Slum Free City Planning Stage ....................................................... 32

    1.6.3 Community Participation & Public Consultation ...................... 34

    1.7 Structure of the Report .......................................................... 35

    Chapter 2 ........................................................................... 37

    City Profile of Indore ..............................................................