Jnnurm &Ngo,Cbo- Pgdswm

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    MANAGEMENT OF URBAN WASTE SERVICES

    URBANISATION SCENARIO

    INSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS-

    NGO,CBO INVOLVEMENT

    JNNURM AND SWM

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    URBANISATION AND JNNURM

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    GLOBAL URBAN SCENARIO

    The making of cities: natural increase and migration:push and pull Almost 1,80,000 people are added to the urban

    population each day Most significant urbanisation in Asia (61% of the total

    world population; and share in global urban populationhas risen from 9% in 1920 to 48% in 2000, and 53% by2030)

    Africa (12% of global population) Latin America: High urbanisation but stabilising

    Urban stagnation and aging populations in Europe,Japan It is estimated that there are almost a billion poor people

    in the world, of this over 750 million live in urban areaswithout adequate shelter and basic services

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    EMERGING URBAN REALITIES

    Rapid Urbanisation, especially in metropolitan areas,beyond the cities carrying capacity, puttingtremendous pressure on infrastructure and services

    In an urbanizing world, cities will determine theeconomic future of countries. But cities will also face

    the challenge of urbanization of poverty. Globalizing economies will accentuate increasing

    competition between cities The demographic and economic pressures will

    heighten concerns of equity, environment, quality of

    life and sustainability Each city is unique. Therefore both the problems and

    solutions should be identified locally

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    THE INDIAN URBAN CHALLENGE

    India has second largest Urban System in theworld, with 310 million people in 5161 cities &towns

    Indian cities contribute 55-60% of GDP

    1% households without tap water in premisesand several cities have only 2 4 hours ofsupply

    43% households without sanitation

    23% live in abject poverty 40 million people live in slums 30% households live in single room tenements Urban Infrastructure severely stressed

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    MUNICIPALITIES IN DISARRAY

    Demographic shift to urban areasunlikely to slow down

    Cost of inadequate infrastructure is

    enormousUnable to meet rising demand for

    services

    Unable to raise resourcesConstrained by old fashioned rules and

    procedures

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    REASONS FOR POOR SERVICES

    Population pressure

    Absence of long term planning

    Governance Issues Inadequate cost recovery

    Precarious financial position of ULBs

    Poor operation and maintenance ofassets

    Inadequate capacities

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    JNNURM

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    RATIONALE FOR JNNURM

    Challenge lies in bridging theInfrastructure deficit

    Creating an environment & statutoryframework for smooth transition

    Need a departure from Business as

    Usual JNNURM: A response to this challenge

    Improving O&M of assets

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    MISSION STATEMENT

    Reforms driven, fast track, planneddevelopment of identified cities with focus on

    efficiency in urban infrastructure/servicesdelivery mechanism, community participationand accountability of ULBs towards citizen

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    MISSION STRATEGY

    Planned urban perspective frameworks for a period of 20-25years (5 Yr updates) indicating policies and strategies ofmeeting fund requirements

    Perspective plan should be based on City Development

    Plan (CDP) Cities will be required to prepare DPR

    Private Sector Participation in development, managementand financing of Urban infrastructure

    Funds will be released to State Nodal agency (TUFIDCO) Funds from State/Central Govt will flow directly to the Nodal

    agency as Grant

    Revolving fund will be created to meet the O&M cost of the

    assets created

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    JNNURM: THE CONTEXT

    Urban Water Supply, Sanitation and Roads willneed about 28,035 Crores for next 10 years

    Urban Transport Infrastructure in cities withpopulation more than 1 Lakh will need 207000Crores for next 20 years

    It is estimated that over a seven-year period,Urban Local Bodies would require a totalinvestments of Rs. 1,20,536 crores.

    JNNURM plans investment of Rs 50,000 croresover seven years

    To be matched by State and local governments

    Rest to be raised from Private Sector Participation

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    MISSION PERIOD

    The duration of the Mission is seven yearsbeginning from 2005-06.

    SCOPE OF THE MISSION

    Major thrust will be on urban infrastructureprojects relating to Watersupply includingsanitation, sewerage, solid waste

    management, road network, urban transportand redevelopment of old city areas with aview to upgrading of existing infrastructure

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    OBJECTIVES OF JNNURM

    3Bring about urbanisationin a dispersed mannerthrough planneddevelopment of cities

    4Provision of servicesfor the urban poor

    5Redevelopmentof old cities

    2Ensure adequate funds tofulfil deficiencies

    1Integrated developmentof infrastructureservices in the cities

    6Secure effective linkagesbetween asset creation &asset management to makeinfrastructural services self-sustaining

    JNNURM seeks to encourage

    reforms and fast track planned

    development

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    JNNURM CONSTITUENTS

    Sub-Mission 1: MoUD:

    Governance (reform agenda) and

    Infrastructure Issues JNNURM in 63 Mission cities

    UIDSSMT in Non-Mission cities (IDSMT)

    Sub-Mission 2: MoH&UPA BSUP: Basic Services to the Urban

    Poor

    IHSDP in Non-Mission cities (VAMBAY)

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    JNNURM COMPONENTS

    Cities/UAs with 4 million plus population (7),1 million plus

    population(28) State Capitals and other Cities(selected cities - 30) All other cities to be covered under UIDSSMT and IHSDP

    Investment support from GoI : Rs.50,000 Crore over the Missionperiod for both Sub-Missions, UIDSSMT and IHSDP

    JNNURM Components Capacity Building component : Initiatives to be undertaken to build

    capacities at the State as well as ULB levels to enhance theirabilities to absorb investment component

    Assistance for preparation of City Development Plans (CDPs);

    Detailed Project Reports (DPRs) ; Training and Capacity Building;Community Participation ; IEC Activities

    (5% of Central grant would be set apart for the above and up to 5% ofCentral grant or actual, whichever is less, to be set apart forAdministrative and other expenses)

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    CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

    A perspective

    andvision for thefuturedevelopmentof the city

    Where do we want

    to go?

    Whereare we

    now?

    What

    are

    priority

    needs?

    What strategies

    are required?

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    PREPARATION OF CDP

    In depth analysis of existing situation

    Development of a perspective and vision ofthe city

    Formulating a strategy for bridging the gapbetween where the city and where it wishesto go.

    Preparing City Investment Plan (CIP) and afinancial strategy.

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    FORMULATING A CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

    Step 1

    City Assessment

    Future

    perspective and

    vision

    Strategies for

    development

    City Investment

    Plan

    Opportunities

    Strengths

    Risks

    Weakness

    Unmet

    demand/gap

    Direction of change

    and expectation

    Economic Vision

    Services Vision

    Options and

    strategies

    Link with

    reform agenda

    Criteria for

    prioritisation

    Estimate level of

    investment

    Financing

    options

    Step 2 Step 3 Step 4

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    THE CDP IS NECESSARY STEP FOR ACCESSING

    JNNURM FUNDS

    City Development Plan

    Detailed Project ReportsTimeline for Implementation

    of Reforms

    Apply for JNNURM funds

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    FUNDING PATTERN

    Centre State Grant ULB/

    Parastatals/Loanfrom FinancialInstitution

    Cities with 4million pluspopulation

    35% 15% 50%

    Cities with millionplus but lessthan 4 million

    population

    50% 20% 30%

    Cities in NorthEastern Statesand J&K

    90% 10% -

    Other Cities 80% 10% 10%

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    PERMISSIBLE SECTORS

    Water Supply (including Desalination andSewerage)

    Solid Waste Management Storm Water Drains Urban Transport Parking spaces on PPP basis Development of heritage areas Prevention and rehabilitation of soil erosion

    (only in case of Special Category States) Preservation of water bodies

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    NON-PERMISSIBLE SECTORS

    Power

    Telecom

    Health Education