Bhopal JNNURM

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Transcript of Bhopal JNNURM

BHOPAL CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN Under JNNURM

BHOPALCITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

JnnurmJAWAHARLAL NEHRU NATIONAL URBAN RENEWAL MISSION

BHOPAL MUNICIPAL CORPORATION

TECHNICAL SUPPORT

MEHTA &ASSOCIATESARCHITECTS & PLANNERS, INDORE

MEHTA & ASSOCIATES INDORE

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BHOPAL CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN Under JNNURM

PREFACEGlobalisation and its trends have brought into currency, the notion that urban local bodies ought to adopt some aspects of the work culture of private corporations. This is especially with regard to the maintenance of quality standards. The exercise done by BMC in formulation of the City Development Plan was unique. This was largely because it adopted a participatory process involving the elected and the administrative wings of the Corporation, as well as citizens of varied interests, and other organisations concerned with the citys growth and development. In the context of the 74th Constitutional Amendment, which gives the urban local bodies more freedom and power in executing their functions, the study has provided BMC invaluable inputs regarding the intricacies of urban governance and finance. Today, when every urban local body is striving to provide its citizens with the best of governance, only those like Bhopal figure where decentralised efforts in improving the citys living environment are clearly visible and are above all other interests. Bhopal an age-old trade centre has been confronted with issues from time to time, which it has used to strengthen itself. The global economic recession has caused diversification of industrial and occupational patterns. It is this context that the Bhopal Municipal Corporation is trying to define its presence in the city. Its strategy is to move from tackling issues to not allowing issues to emerge by means of effective, integrated and phased plans. With such a long-term goal to be fulfilled and delivered to its citizens by 2021, the City Development planning process warranted a high level of public participation. The overwhelming response to the City Development Strategy workshop as well as the zone level and ward level consultative meetings helped chalk out the purpose of the short-term strategic plan as To foresee an issueless 2021. The City Development Plan for Bhopal deals with a comprehensive, cohesive and concise manner, all the important elements of governance in the form of themes: Urban Growth Management/ Development Planning, Urban Basic Services and Infrastructure, Transportation and Traffic Management, Housing and Slums, Urban Environment, Social Development, Urban Governance and Management and Urban Finance and Management apart from Demographic Trends, Economy Pattern, etc with a long term strategic vision. It is believed that this effort of the Bhopal Municipal Corporation will bring in a corporate vision to the Institution and a change that the citizens of Bhopal will contribute to, and ultimately benefit from.

MEHTA & ASSOCIATES INDORE

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BHOPAL CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN Under JNNURM

PROJECT TEAMShri Manish singh, I.A.S (Municipal commissioner) Shri J. K Shrivastava, (Superintending Engineer) Shri Abdul Rahim (Acctts. Officer) Shri V. K Mishra , (City Engineer, Water Supply) Shri Sanjay Mishra (City Planner) Shri G. P. Mali (Deputy Commissioner) Shri Ashok Khare , (City Engineer, Project) Shri S. K. Devgar (Dy. City Engineer, Electrical) Shri A. K. Nanda (Dy. City Engineer, Civil) Smt. Sudha Bhargava (In charge Project Cell) Dr. Habiba Sultan (Health Officer) Shri R. B. Rai (Asstt. Engineer (Water Supply) Shri S. C. Solanki (Dy. City Engineer, Project) Shri Deep Jain (Dy. City Engineer, Project) Shri S. C. Mehta (Asstt. Engineer) Shri O. P. Bhardwaj (Asstt. Engineer) Shri Awadhesh Dubey (Asstt. Engineer) Shri O. P. Gupta (Asstt. Engineer) Shri S. K. Tiwari (Sub Engineer) Shri P. V. Deshpandy (Retired Director T&CP) Shri K. K. Dhote (Asstt. Professor MANIT.)

MEHTA & ASSOCIATES INDORE

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BHOPAL CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN Under JNNURM

PLANNING TEAMMehta and AssociatesHitendra Mehta Jitendra Mehta Rajeev Bangar Ajit Mali Ms. Neli Kools Pawan Kabra Yogendra Patidar Anand Joshi Deepak K. Parmar For Capacity Building & Reforms City Managers Association M.P Ashish Agarawal Renu Handa Anubhav Shrivastav For Municipal Finances and FOP Dhakad, Gandhi Associates Indore and Gupta

MEHTA & ASSOCIATES INDORE

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BHOPAL CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN Under JNNURM

CONTENTSPreface Project Team Planning Team Contents Abbreviations Acronyms and Key Terms List of Tables List of Illustrations List of Maps II III IV V VIII X XIII XIV

SECTION I1.0 Introduction1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5

INTRODUCTION

Background City Development Planning Previous Planning Interventions in Bhopal Approaches to Bhopal City Development Plan Report Structure Urban Local Bodies and New Context of Local Government Bhopal Municipal Corporation- Nodal Agency Parastatal Agencies

1 1 3 4 7 13 14 18

2.0

Implementing Agencies2.1. 2.2. 2.3.

SECTION II3.0 City Profile3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6

EXISTING SITUATION ANALYSIS

Early Bhopal Post Independence Bhopal Location and Linkages Physical and Geographical Character Natural Drainage Regional Setting and Growth Pattern Population Growth Trends Urbanization & Migration Population Density Literacy Age Structure of the Population Social Structure Conclusion Occupational Pattern Employment Income Profile Conclusion

19 19 20 21 22 23 25 25

4.0

Demography and Social profile4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7.

2627 27 27 28 29 31 31 32

5.0

Economic Base5.1. 5.2 5.3 5.4

6.0

Land Use IV

MEHTA & ASSOCIATES INDORE

BHOPAL CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN Under JNNURM

6.1 6.2 6.3.

Land Use Classifications Existing Land Use 2005 Conclusion Water supply Sewerage Solid Waste Management Storm Water Drainage Transport System Environment Conclusion Housing Situation in Bhopal Urban Poverty Slums in Bhopal Earlier Public Interventions of Slum Improvements Conclusion Background Existing Core Area Present Situation of Inner City Urban Heritage Bhopal Municipal Corporation Institutional Framework Bhopal Municipal Corporation Governance Overview Urban Governance Issues and Strategies Water Supply Sewerage Solid Waste Management Storm Water Drainage Transportation Environment Inner City Area Urban Heritage Slums Strengths of City Weakness of City

33 33 34 35 38 43 46 46 54 59 62 63 64 77 78 79 79 79 81 83 94 101 105 105 105 106 106 106 107 107 107 107 108

7.0

Infrastructures and Environment7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4. 7.5 7.6 7.7

8.0

Housing and Slums8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5

9.0

Inner City9.1 9.2 9.3

10.0 11.0

Urban Heritage10.1 11.1 11.2 11.3

Organization, Institutional Setup & Finance

12.0

Problems and Issues12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 12.6 12.7 12.8 12.9 12.10 12.11

SECTION III13.013.1 13.2

DEVELOPMENT PERSPECTIVE AND VISSION109 111

Vision and GoalVision of City Goals

MEHTA & ASSOCIATES INDORE

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BHOPAL CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN Under JNNURM

SECTION IV14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.5 14.6 14.7 14.8

STRATEGY FOR DEVELOPMENT

14.0 City Investment Plan; Strategies and Action PlanCity Investment Plan 115 Urban Planning and Growth Management - Strategies & Action Plan 115 Urban Renewal Strategies & Action Plan 117 Water Supply - Strategies & Action Plan 119 Sewerage - Strategies & Action Plan 123 Storm Water Drainage Strategies & Action Plan 133 Solid Waste Management Strategies & Action Plan 137 Transport System (Roads, Bridges, Traffic Management, Parking Lots, Goods and Mass Transport) Strategies and Action Plan 141 14.9 Housing for Urban Poor and Slum Rehabilitation 153 14.10 Environment -Strategies & Action Plan 155 14.11 Urban Heritage -Goals, Objective of Development, Strategies & Action Plan 158 14.12 Special Projects - Strategies & Action Plan 162

15.0 Reforms & Capacity Building15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 15.5 15.6 15.7 Agenda GIS Application Capacity Building The Training Perspective Recommendation & Implementation Strategy Action Plan E-Governance Applications 165 166 170 172 176 178 182

SECTION V16.0 17.0

MUNICIPAL FISCAL ASSESSMENT186 197

Municipal Fiscal Assessment Investment Sustenance of BMC

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BHOPAL CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN Under JNNURM

ABBREVATIONS, ACCRONYMS AND KEY TERMSAC ADB ASI BDA BDP BDO BHEL BMC BMW BPL CAA CBD CDP CDS CI CIP COD CPA DI DUDA EIUS EWS FOB GDP GI GOI ha. HIG JNNURM JBIC, LIG Lcpd MANIT MC MGD MIC MIG MLD M.P MPHB MPPCB MIS MPTNCP MS MSL MSW MOS MoU MPSRTC MT NGOs Asbestos Cement Asian Development Bank Archaeological Survey of India Bhopal Development Authority Bhopal Development Plan Block Development Officer Bharath Heavy Electronic Limited Bhopal Municipal Corporation Bio Medical Waste Below Poverty Line Constitutional Amendment Act. Central Business District City Development Plan Community Development Societies Cost Iron City Investment Plan Chemical Oxygen Demand Capital Project Administration Ductile Iron District Urban Development Authority Environment Improvement of Urban Slums Economically Weaker Section Foot Over Bridges Gross Domestic Product Galvanised Iron Government of India Hectare High Income Group Jawaharlal National Urban Renewal Mission Japan funded Lake Bhopal Conservation and Management Project Lower Income Group Liters Capita per Day Mulana Azad National Institute of Technology Municipal Corporation Million Gallons per Day Mayor-in-Council Medal Income Group Million Letter Per Day Madhya Pradesh Madhya Pradesh Housing Board Madhya Pradesh Pollutio