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Transcript of Personalization Principle
Personalization PrincipleSource: Clark & Mayer (2012). E-Learning and the Science of Instruction (3rd ed.).+Personalization Principles+Which style is more conducive to learning, conversational or formal?
+Formal vs. Conversational StyleThis program is about what type of plants survive on different planets. For each planet, a plant will be designed. The goal is to learn what type of roots, stems, and leaves allow the plant to survive in each environment. Some hints are provided throughout the program.You are about to start a journey where you will be visiting different planets. For each planet, you will need to design a plant. Your mission is to learn what type of roots, stems, and leaves will allow your plant to survive in each environment. I will be guiding you through by giving out some hints.+
+Which type of audio is more conducive to learning, human voice or computer-generative voice?
+Human vs. Computer VoicesStudents performed better when the speakers voice is human rather than a computer voice, effective size of .79 (Mayer, Sobko, & Mautone, 2003)+Principle 2: Use Effective On-Screen CoachesPedagogical agents: Animated on-screen tutors in educational program.Example 1: Steve http://www.isi.edu/isd/VET/steve-demo.html Example 2: Soft Skill Training://my.adobeconnect.com/_a295153/codebaby/ Articulate StoryLine program provides animated avatars for PowerPointhttp://www.articulate.com/community/blogdemo/Hyperactive_Hyperlinking/player.html
+http://www.isi.edu/isd/ADE/papers/its98/ITS98-WW.htm 9StudiesStudents used on-screen agents performed better than students who did not use agents in problem solving (Atkinson, 2002)It makes no difference in student performance if the agents look real or not (Craig, Gholson, & Driscoll, 2002)
+Speaking Avatar: Voki
http://technology4kids.pbworks.com/w/page/24535850/Voki%20Talking%20Avatars +Make the Author VisibleVisible authors reveal information about themselves and highlight their personal perspective (Nolen, 1995; Paxton, 2002)Write in first personInclude themselves in an example:Yet, least anyone become too hopeful that correlation represents a magic method for unambiguous identification of cause, consider the relationship between my age and the price of gasoline during the past ten years. The correlation is nearly perfect, but no one would suggest any assignment of cause. (Nolen, 1995, p. 61)+What We Dont KnowIt can be counterproductive by being distracting or condescendingWhich features of an agent promote learning, such as the role of gesturing, eye fixations, and locomotion.What types of learners benefit more than others from the personalization principle.Need to study the long-term effect. Does the effect of conversational style diminish as students spend more time with a course?
+Personalization Principles: Recap+