Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing

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After completing this lesson, you have learned to answer: How do you select a chili pepper hybrid or variety for your locality? What are the chili pepper hybrids or improved varieties recommended for kharif and rabi seasons? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing

Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing

Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper CultivarsAfter completing this lesson, you have learned to answer:

How do you select a chili pepper hybrid or variety for your locality? What are the chili pepper hybrids or improved varieties recommended for kharif and rabi seasons?How adoption of improved variety helps in chili pepper cultivation?Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper CultivarsMost of the local tall varieties of chili pepper grown in various states are of long duration (5-7 months) with poor yielding potential.

Local varieties vary in their sensitivity to both temperature and photoperiod.

Improved hybrids and other varieties had yielded about 80-100 percent more than the local tall Cultivars.Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper CultivarsSelection of chili pepper cultivars depends mainly on the following factors:

Method Of Sowing Crop Rotation Pest and Disease Irrigation Facilities Climatic Conditions

Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper CultivarsNatural selection and domestication over thousands of years have resulted in the development of numerous varieties highly local in their adaptation.

Most of the improved varieties prior to 1960 are the result of selections among the principle local Cultivars.

Changes in yield levels with these improved verities were not substantial.

Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper CultivarsResearch efforts, which began with the development of commercial chili pepper hybrids during 1962, now lay equal emphasis on hybrid as well as on true-breeding varieties.

This is necessary to bring about an eventual transformation.

A choice of hybrids as well as of improved varieties is now available for the different pepper-growing states and situations. Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars Cultivars recommended for kharif and specially to manage drought.

Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

Cultivars recommended:Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

Cultivars recommended:Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

Cultivars recommended:Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

Cultivars recommended:Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper CultivarsBolivian rainbowC.Annuum Stunding ornamental pepper plant produces heavy yields of 1 1/2" long by1/2" wide tear drops shaped hot fruits, multycolor change to fife different colors from purple to yellow to cream to orange & finaly red. Origin:Bolivia Item

Popular chili pepper CultivarsModule VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper CultivarsACI SIVRI

C.Annuum ACI SIVRI - medium; Cayenne Type; 6 to 8 inches long by 0.5 to 0.75 inches wide; medium thin flesh; matures from pale green to red; pendant pods; green leaves; 18 to 24 inches tall; Mid Season; Uses: Drying, Pickling; from Turkey; pods are often curled and twisted.Popular chili pepper Cultivars

Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper CultivarsAFRICAN PEQUIN Hot; Pequin/Piquin Type; 0.5 to 0.75 inches long by 0.375 to 0.5 inches wide; thin flesh; matures from green to red; pendant pods; dark green leaves; 24 to 30 inches tall; Very Late Season; Uses: Drying, Prolific; from Africa; C. annuum.Popular chili pepper Cultivars

Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars

Tabasco pepperC. frutescens cultivars,the tabasco plant has a typical bushy growth, which commercial cultivation makes stronger by trimming the plants. The tapered fruits, around 4 cm long, are initially pale yellowish-green and turn yellow and orange before ripening to bright redPopular chili pepper CultivarsModule VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper CultivarsNaga Jolokia pepperC. chinense Jolokia is a naturally-occurring interspecific hybrid from the Assam region of northeastern India. It grows in the Indian states of Assam, Nagaland and Manipur, and the Sylhet region of Bangladesh. It can also be found in rural Sri Lanka where it is known as Nai Mirris (Cobra Chilli). Popular chili pepper Cultivars

Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper CultivarsLemon dropC. baccatumLemon drop is a hot, citrus-flavored pepper is a popular seasoning pepper in Peru where it is known as Kellu Uchu. It is also known in the anglophone world as 'Hot lemon' or 'Lemon Drop'. The bright yellow, crinkled, cone-shaped fruits .Popular chili pepper Cultivars

Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing Lesson 2: Chili Pepper CultivarsRocoto pepperC. pubescens is a species of flowering plant in the nightshade family, solanaceae, that is common in Peru, Bolivia, Northern Chile, Northern Argentina, and Ecuador. Its fruit is a medium-sized round chili pepper known as a rocoto Popular chili pepper Cultivars

Sheet1StateRainfed - Two-Year RotationResidual MoistureDouble CroppingAndhra PradeshSorghum-GroundnutChickpeaGujaratSorghum-Groundnut / Pearl Millet/CottonGroundnut/Sorghum (fodder)KarnatakaSorghum-Groundnut / Pearl Millet/RagiChickpeaMahararashtraSorghum-Groundnut /Pulses/Small MilletsChickpea/Safflower/SunflowerMadhya PradeshSorghum-Groundnut / Pearl Millet/WheatChickpea/Safflower

Sheet2StateRainfed - Two-Year RotationResidual MoistureDouble CroppingOrissaGroundnut-Sorghum / Pearl millet (bajra)Groundnut-Sorghum (fodder)PunjabGroundnut-Sorghum / Pearl millet (bajra)Tamil NaduGroundnut-SesameGroundnut-SesameGroundnut-CottonUttar PradeshGroundnut-Sorghum / Pearl millet (bajra)Groundnut-Mustard

Sheet3StateCrop combinationMaharashtraGroundnut + Red gram (6:1/ 4:1)Groundnut + Soybean (6:2)Groundnut + Sunflower (6:2 / 3:1)GujaratGroundnut + Castor (9:2 / 3:1)Groundnut + Sunflower (3:1 / 2: 1)Groundnut + Red gram (4:1)Tamil NaduGroundnut + Black gram (4:1)Groundnut + Pearl Millet (4:1)Groundnut + Green gram (2:1)KarnatakaGroundnut + Chilli (2:2)Groundnut + Sunflower (3:1)Groundnut + Red gram (4:1)

Sheet4Growth StagesIrrigation RequirementsGermination and EmergenceGood moisture conditions are required. Irrigation can ensure you plant on time.VegetativeGroundnuts can tolerate mild water stress at this stage. Stress at this stage may be beneficial.Peg InitiationNo water stress at this stage, very sensitive. Use irrigation.Pod Formation and FillingNo water stress. Use irrigation.MaturityDecreasing water use as the crop matures.

Sheet6Varieties recommended for Kharif 2005 specially to manage droughtState of PepperHybridsRecommendation / CommentsCapsicum AnnumF1 Hybrid Chili PepperLight soil areasGarden SalsaMedium to heavy soils50 "super Chili F1 Hybrid" PepperLow rainfall areas,F1 Hybrid Inchanga Chili PepperNormal rainfall and midge endemic areasAndhra PradeshCSH 14, PSH 1Low rainfall areasCSH 9, CSH 10, PSH 1Normal rainfall areasCSH 9,Late kharifMadhya PradeshCSH 9, CSH 10, CSH 13, CSH 16, CSH 17, CSH 18, CSH 23Entire stateGujaratCSH 9, CSH 11, CSH 16, CSH 17, CSH 18, CSH 23South GujaratCSH 17, CSH 13, CSH 16, CSH 18North Gujarat and SaurashtraRajasthanCSH 14,CSH 23Medium to heavy soilsCSH 9, CSH 10, CSH 11, CSH 13, CSH 16, CSH 18Semi arid & transitional zones

Sheet5Hybrid/VarietyDurationGrain YieldDry Fodder yield(days)(kg/ha)(kg/ha)For KharifCSH 13R 3.2 5.4 113CSH 195-100300075002. CSH 15R 3.2 5.6 110CSH 695-10034008100Rabi season varietiesCSH 9105-110390098001. CSV 14 R 2.3 5.5 117CSH 11105-110410092002. CSV 8 R 2.2 4.8 120CSH 13105-1103900144003. Swati 2.2 5.3 117CSH 1611042009100CSH 17103420010400CSH 18112410013100CSV 11110-11532009600SPV 462110-11533009700CSV 15107-112360012100Hybrid/VarietyDurationGrain YieldDry Fodder yield(days)(kg/ha)(kg/ha)For RabiCSH 13R11332005400CSH 15R11032005600CSV 14R11723005500CSV 8R12022004800Swati11722005300

Sheet1StateRainfed - Two-Year RotationResidual MoistureDouble CroppingAndhra PradeshSorghum-GroundnutChickpeaGujaratSorghum-Groundnut / Pearl Millet/CottonGroundnut/Sorghum (fodder)KarnatakaSorghum-Groundnut / Pearl Millet/RagiChickpeaMahararashtraSorghum-Groundnut /Pulses/Small MilletsChickpea/Safflower/SunflowerMadhya PradeshSorghum-Groundnut / Pearl Millet/WheatChickpea/Safflower

Sheet2StateRainfed - Two-Year RotationResidual MoistureDouble CroppingOrissaGroundnut-Sorghum / Pearl millet (bajra)Groundnut-Sorghum (fodder)PunjabGroundnut-Sorghum / Pearl millet (bajra)Tamil NaduGroundnut-SesameGroundnut-SesameGroundnut-CottonUttar PradeshGroundnut-Sorghum / Pearl millet (bajra)Groundnut-Mustard

Sheet3StateCrop combinationMaharashtraGroundnut + Red gram (6:1/ 4:1)Groundnut + Soybean (6:2)Groundnut + Sunflower (6:2 / 3:1)GujaratGroundnut + Castor (9:2 / 3:1)Groundnut + Sunflower (3:1 / 2: 1)Groundnut + Red gram (4:1)Tamil NaduGroundnut + Black gram (4:1)Groundnut + Pearl Millet (4:1)Groundnut + Green gram (2:1)KarnatakaGroundnut + Chilli (2:2)Groundnut + Sunflower (3:1)Groundnut + Red gram (4:1)

Sheet4Growth StagesIrrigation RequirementsGermination and EmergenceGood moisture conditions are required. Irrigation can ensure you plant on time.VegetativeGroundnuts can tolerate mild water stress at this stage. Stress at this stage may be beneficial.Peg InitiationNo water stress at this stage, very sensitive. Use irrigation.Pod Formation and FillingNo water stress. Use irrigation.MaturityDecreasing water use as the crop matures.

Sheet6Varieties recommended for Kharif 2005 specially to manage droughtStateHybridsRecommendation / CommentsMaharashtraCSH 9, CSH 13, CSH 14Light soil areasCSH 16, CSH 18 , CSH 21Medium to heavy soilsKarnatakaCSH 14, CSH 17Low rainfall areas,CSH 10, CSH 16, CSH 13, CSH 18,Normal rainfall and midge endemic areasState of PepperNon HybridsRecommendation / CommentsCapsi