Lets talk about protein

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Explain that genes are regions in the dna that code for proteins, which carry out the essential functions of life. Explain that different classes of proteins regulate and carry out the essential functions of life. HS LS 1-1 From Molecules to Organisms: Structure and Processes

Its All About Proteins Rachel Barrows

Word Reference Bank gene What controls the character traits of offspring protein An organic compound that functions as an enzyme, hormone and as the structural base that creates life amino acid A substance that makes up proteins, the building blocks of building blocks translation Genetic code to protein codes transcriptionDNA copying itself then splitting allowing for protein synthesis protein synthesis How protein is made

GENESGenes control all the different character traits any offspring will have.

Genes make proteins through two different process, transcription and translation

TRANSLATIONThe process of translating word from one language into another.The process of translating word genes from one language code into another. INTOGene Codes Protein Codes

TRANSCRIPTIONmake an exact copyGene copies itself Doubled Gene splits in half INTO

CREATES

A stage for Protein Synthesis

PROTEIN SYNTHESIS

Amino Acids Synthesis means to make

Amino Acids

Amino Acids Amino Acids Proteins

STRUCTUREStructural proteins provide support for the cells.

Prevents cells from collapsing and caving in on themselves.

DEFENSIVE or ANTIBODIES protect us against diseases through antibodies

Antibodies deactivate or destroy harmful diseases to the body

HORMONESSends signals between cells

Signals coordinate biological functions between cells, tissues and organs.

ENZYMES

Speed up reactions Attaches to the substrate and uses its own energy to speed up the reaction

Words to Remembergene What controls the character traits of offspring protein An organic compound that functions as an enzyme, hormone and as the structural base that creates life amino acid A substance that makes up proteins, the building blocks of building blocks translation Genetic code to protein codes transcriptionDNA copying itself then splitting allowing for protein synthesis protein synthesis How protein is made