Kinh chuy»ƒn php lu¢n

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Kinh chuyển pháp luân

Transcript of Kinh chuy»ƒn php lu¢n

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    Dhammapakra Mn Qu Php

    Knh biu:

    Nhn dp ngy l shapj Rm Thng Su gi l Ngy c-Php-Bo, con xin knh

    dng bn dch bi Kinh Chuyn-Php-Lun c phn gii thch tm tt ny gi l Php

    th.

    Con xin thnh knh dng phn php th thanh cao ny n ng b, Cha m, Thy t v

    nhng bc n nhn t kip hin ti cho n v lng kip trong qu kh, cng tt c

    chng-sinh nht l ph thn, mu thn, b con thn bng quyn thuc, bn hu

    Knh xin qu v pht sinh thin tm hoan h phn php th thanh cao ny, cu mong

    cho tt c qu v thot khi mi cnh kh, c an lc lu di, nht l to duyn lnh

    mong gii thot kh t sinh lun hi trong 3 gii 4 loi.

    Pht-Lch 2557/2013

    Cha T Bu-Long

    T Khu H Php

    Dhammanand Upsik

    Namo Tassa Bhagavato Arahato Sammsambuddhassa

    Con em ht lng thnh knh nh l c-Th-Tn, c A-ra-hn, c-Pht-Chnh-ng-

    Gic y.

    Bi k l bi ni ng tm Isipatana Migadya ni c-Pht GOTAMA thuyt bi kinh

    Chuyn-Php-Lun u tin.

    Savejanyathna ta, idha cakka pavattita.

    Garu karomi pjemi, gantvna idniha.

    Hotu me kusala eta, Saccadassanakrana.

    Ni y c-Pht Chuyn-Php-Lun,

    Gi ni xng-v-g ng tm.

    Nay con c duyn lnh n y,

    Xin thnh knh l bi cng dng.

    Do nh phc thin thanh cao ny,

    Lm duyn lnh chng ng chn-l.

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    Li Ng

    Ba Ngy Lch S Trng i Trong Pht-Gio

    Theo truyn thng Pht-Gio-Nguyn-Thu c 3 ngy lch s trng i nh sau:

    Ngy rm thng t (m-lch) c 3 s kin lch s trng i trng hp theo thi gian khc

    nhau:

    * c-B-tt Chnh-ng-Gic Siddhattha n-sinh kip cht,

    * c-B-tt Chnh-ng-Gic Siddhattha tr thnh c-Pht-Chnh-ng-Gic c

    danh hiu l c-Pht Gotama,

    * c-Pht Gotama tch dit Nit-bn.

    Ngy rm thng su (m-lch), c-Pht Gotama ln u tin thuyt php bi kinhDham-

    macakkappavatanasutta: Kinh Chuyn-Php-Lun,

    Ngy rm thng ging (m-lch), i-hi ch Thnh-A-ra-hn 1.250 v ln u.

    1- Ngy rm thng t (m-lch) c 3 s kin lch s trng i theo thi gian nh sau:

    * Ngy rm thng t, c-B-tt Chnh-ng-Gic Siddhattha n-sinh kip cht, ti

    khu vn Lumbin (nay thuc phn t nc Nepal),

    * Ngy rm thng t, c-B-tt Chnh-ng-Gic Siddhattha trn 35 tui, chng c

    thnh c-Pht-Chnh-ng-Gic c danh hiu l c-Pht Gotama, ti khu rng Uruve,

    (nay gi l Bodhgay, nc n ).

    c-Pht Gotama c s tinh tn khng ngng ngy m thuyt php t chng sinh:

    nhn-loi, ch-thin, ch phm-thin rng r trn 45 nm.

    * Ngy rm thng t, c-Pht Gotama trn 80 tui, tch dit Nit-bn gi l Khandha-

    parinibbna: Ng-un-Nit-bn, gii thot kh t sinh lun hi trong tam-gii, ti khu rng

    Kusinr (nc n ).

    2 - Ngy rm thng su (m-lch), trn ng 2 thng sau khi tr thnh c-Pht-

    Chnh-ng-Gic, chp thun li thnh cu ca v i-Phm-thin Sahampati, c-Pht

    Gotamang i n khu rng phng sinh nai gi l Isipatana, gn kinh thnh Braas, ni

    c nhm 5 t-khu l Ngi i-Trng-lo Koaa, Ngi i-c Vappa, Ngi i-

    c Bhaddiya, Ngi i-c Mahnma, Ngi i-c Assaji.

    Vo bui chiu ngy rm thng 6 y, mt tri sp ln hng Ty, mt trng mc

    hng ng, c-Pht Gotama ln u tin thuyt php

    bi kinh Dhammacakkappavatanasutta: Kinh Chuyn- Php-Lun, t nhm 5 t-khu y.

    Sau khi nghe c-Pht Gotama thuyt ging xong bi kinh Chuyn-Php-Lun ny xong,

    nhm 5 t-khu pht sinh thin-tm v cng hoan h trong li dy ca c-Pht.

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    Trong nhm 5 t-khu y, ch c Ngi i-Trng-lo Koaa l v u tin chng

    ng chn-l t Thnh- y theo c-Pht, chng c Nhp-lu-Thnh-o, Nhp-lu-

    Thnh-qu v Nit-bn, tr thnh bc Thnh-Nhp-lu u tin trong gio php ca c-

    Pht Gotama, c tn mi l Asikoaa.

    Ngi i-Trng-lo Asikoaa knh xin c-Pht cho php xut gia tr thnh

    Sa-di, t-khu trong gio php ca c-Pht.

    c-Pht a bn tay phi, ch bng ngn tr truyn dy rng: Ehi bhikkh!

    Svkkhtodhammo, cara brahmacariya sammdukkhassa antakariyya. Tht k diu

    thay! Khi c-Pht va chm dt cu, ngay khi y, hnh tng c ca Ngi i-Trng-

    lo Asikoaa bin mt, thay vo tng tng mi, o mo l mt v t-khu c y

    8 th vt dng ca t-khu c thnh tu do qu phc thn thng. V T-khu c

    tng tng trang nghim, lc cn thanh tnh nh mt v t-khu c 60 h.

    Ngi i-Trng-lo Asikoaa tr thnh v t-khu u tin trong gio php

    ca c-Pht Gotama. Ngay khi y, Tam-Bo: c-Pht-bo, c-Php-bo, c-

    Tng-botrn vn 3 ngi Tam-Bo u tin xut hin trn th gian vo ngy rm thng 6

    m-lch.

    3- Ngy rm thng ging (m-lch), trn ng 9 thng sau khi tr thnh c-Pht-

    Chnh-ng-Gic c danh hiu c-Pht Gotama.

    Trong khong thi gian 9 thng, c-Pht ng i mi ni thuyt php t chng

    sinh: nhn-loi, ch-thin, ch phm-thin cng chng ng chn-l t Thnh-, c s

    chng c Nhp-lu-Thnh-o, Nhp-lu-Thnh-qu tr thnh bc Thnh-Nhp-lu; c

    s chng c n Nht-lai-Thnh-o, Nht-lai-Thnh-qu tr thnh bc Thnh-Nht-lai;

    c s chng c n Bt-lai-Thnh-o, Bt-lai-Thnh-qu tr thnh bc Thnh-Bt-lai;

    c s chng c n A-ra-hn-Thnh-o, A-ra-hn-Thnh-qu tr thnh bc Thnh-A-

    ra-hn.

    Tr thnh Thnh-nhn thp hoc cao, bc no l hon ton tu theo nng lc ca cc

    php-hnh Ba-la-mt v nht l tu theo nng lc ca 5 php-ch: tn-php-ch, tn-

    php-ch, nim-php-ch, nh-php-ch, tu-php-ch ca mi v Thnh-thanh-vn -

    t.

    C s Thnh-thanh-vn -t xin c-Pht cho php xut gia tr thnh t-khu. c-

    Pht xem xt v tin kip ca mi v Thnh-nhn nu tng pht nguyn xut gia theo

    cch gi Ehi Bhikkhu th c-Pht cho php xut gia theo cch Ehi

    Bhikkhpasampad.

    Theo cch ny, c-Pht a bn tay phi, ch bng ngn tr m dy rng: Ehi

    Bhikkhu! Svkkhto dhammo cara brahma-cariya samm dukkhassa antakiriyya.

    - Ny con hy li y! Con tr thnh t-khu theo nguyn. Chnh-php m Nh-Lai

    thuyt ging, hon ho phn u, phn gia, phn cui. Con hy nn thc hnh

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    phm-hnh cao thng ng n dn n chng c thnh bc Thnh-A-ra-hn cui cng

    gii thot kh t sinh lun hi trong tam-gii.

    Nu v Thnh-nhn no khng tng pht nguyn xut gia theo cch gi Ehi Bhikkhu

    th c-Pht khng gi Ehi Bhikkhuc.

    Vo ngy rm thng ging (9 thng sau khi tr thnh c-Pht-Chnh-ng-

    Gic),c-Pht Gotama ang ng ti ngi cha Veuvana, gn kinh thnh Rjagaha. Khi

    y, c 1.250 v Thnh-A-ra-hn, mi v u pht sinh ngh ging nhau rng: Ta nn n

    hu c-Th-Tn ti ngi cha Veuvana, vo ngy rm thng ging ny.

    i-hi ch Thnh-A-ra-hn ln u ny gi l Svakasannipta c 4 chi:

    1- Ngy rm thng ging

    2- Ch Thnh-A-ra-hn gm c 1.250 v, mi v u t n hu c-Th-Tn m khng

    c bo tin cho nhau bit. (1.250 v Thnh-A-ra-hn gm c nhm 1.000 v ca 3 huynh

    Kassapa v nhm 250 v ca 2 v Ti-thng-Thanh-vn: Ngi Trng-lo Sriputta v

    Ngi Trng-lo Mahmoggallna).

    3- Ch Thnh-A-ra-hn gm c 1.250 v ch xut gia theo cch Ehi Bhikkhpasampad

    vi c-Pht m thi.

    4- Ch Thnh-A-ra-hn gm c 1.250 v u chng c lc-thng.

    Khi y c-Pht thuyt dy ovdapatimokkha.

    Ba ngy lch-s trng-i ca Pht-gio ny tr nn 3 ngy i-l quan trng trong

    Pht-gio.Cho nn hng nm, theo truyn thng Pht-gio, cc nc c Pht-gio, mi

    cha, mi nh, mi hng thanh-vn -t l bc xut gia hoc hng ti gia cn-s-nam,

    cn-s-n u lm l k nim rt long trng vi mi hnh thc, t lng tn knh ni ngi

    Tam-Bo, bi v 3 ngy i-l quan trng ny c ngha c bit:

    * Ngy rm thng t l ngy c-Pht-Bo

    * Ngy rm thng su l ngy c-Php-Bo

    *Ngy rm thng ging l ngy c-Tng-Bo

    Rm thng su,

    Pht-Lch 2557/2013

    Cha T Bu-Long,

    Q.9, Tp. H-Ch-Minh.

    Son-gi: T-khu H-Php

    (Dhammarakkhita Bhikkhu)

    (Aggamahpaita)

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    Namo Tassa Bhagavato Arahato Sammsambuddhassa

    DHAMMACAKKAPPAVATTANASUTTA

    (KHAI KINH CHUYN-PHP-LUN)

    Bhikkhna pacavaggna,

    Isipatana nmake,

    Migadye dhammavara,

    ya ta nibbnappaka.

    Sahampati nmakena,

    mahbrahmena ycito.

    Catusacca paksento,

    Lokantho adesayi.

    Nandita sabbadevehi,

    sabbasampatti sdhaka.

    Sabbalokahitatthya,

    Dhammacakka bhama he.

    Dhammacakkappavattanasutta([1]

    )

    Eva me suta, eka samaya Bhagav Brasiya viharati, Isipatane migadye.

    Tatra kho Bhagav pacavaggiye bhikkh mantesi.

    Dveme bhikkhave, ant pabbajitena na sevitabb. Katame dve?

    * Yo cya kmesu kmasukhalliknuyogo hno gammo pothujjaniko anariyo anattha-

    sahito,

    * Yo cya attakilamathnuyogo dukkho anariyo anatthasahito.

    Ete kho bhikkhave, ubho ante anupagamma majjhim paipad Tathgatena

    abhisambuddh cakkhukara akara upasamya abhiya sambodhya nibbnya

    savattati.

    Katam ca s bhikkhave, majjhim paipad Tathgatena abhisambuddh

    cakkhukara akara upasamya abhiya sambodhya nibbnya savattati.

    Ayameva ariyo ahagiko maggo.

    Seyyathida: Sammdihi, sammsakappo, sammvc, sammkammanto, samm-

    jivo, sammvyamo, sammsati, sammsamdhi.

    Aya kho s bhikkhave, majjhim paipad Tathgatena abhisambuddh cakkhukara

    akara upasamya abhiya sambodhya nibbnya savattati.

    *1- Ida kho pana bhikkhave, dukkha ariyasacca, jtipi dukkh, jarpi dukkh,

    bydhipi dukkho, maraapi dukkha, appiyehi sampayogo dukkho, piyehi vippayogo

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    dukkho, yampiccha na labhati, tampi dukkha, sakhittena pacupdnakkhandh

    dukkh.

    *2- Ida kho pana bhikkhave, dukkha-samudaya ariyasacca, yya tah

    ponobbhavik nandirgasahagat tatratatr-bhinandin. Seyyathida: kmatah, bhava-

    tah, vibhavatah.

    *3- Ida kho pana bhikkhave, dukkha-nirodha ariyasacca, yo tassyeva tahya

    asesavirganirodho cgo painissaggo mutti anlayo.

    *4- Ida kho pana bhikkhave, dukkha-nirodhagmin paipad ariyasacca, ayameva

    ariyo ahagiko maggo. Seyyathida: sammdihi, sammsakappo, sammvc,

    sammkammanto, samm-jivo, sammvyamo, sammsati, sammsamdhi.

    1.1- Ida dukkha ariyasaccanti me bhikkhave, pubbe ananussutesu dhammesu

    cakkhu udapdi, a udapdi, pa udapdi, vijj udapdi, loko udapdi.

    1.2- Ta kho panida dukkha ariyasacca parieyyanti me bhikkhave, pubbe

    ananussutesu