High Renaissance. Leonardo da Vinci 1452-1519 Early Life Madonna of the Rocks –Geometrical...
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High Renaissance Slide 2 Leonardo da Vinci 1452-1519 Slide 3 Early Life Madonna of the Rocks Geometrical arrangement of figures Chiaroscuro Sfumato Foreshortening Background treatments Artists live on commissions Slide 4 Milan Last Supper Used new fresco method Built into the room's end Light from the side with the window Door cut below During WWII a bomb hit the monastery Destroyed by erosion Slide 5 Among all the studies and reasoning, Light chiefly delights the beholder; and among the great features of mathematics the certainty of its demonstrations is what preeminently tends to elevate the mind of the investigator. Perspective, therefore must be preferred to all the discourses and systems of human learning. Leonardo da Vinci Slide 6 Mona Lisa The greatness of the Mona Lisa What do you see? Slide 7 "'Those [artists] who are enamored of practice without science,' Leonardo explained, 'are like sailors who board a ship without rudder and compass, never having any certainty as to whither they go.'" Isacoff, Stuart, Temperament, Vintage Books, 2001, p. 85. Slide 8 Notebooks Coded Read R L with a mirror Scientific illustration Used science to support art Slide 9 Military Slide 10 Aeronautics Slide 11 Anatomy Slide 12 Technology Machines Hydraulics Vehicles on land Architecture Scientific method Slide 13 Those sciences are vain and filled with errors which are not borne of experiment, the mother of all certainty. Leonardo da Vinci Slide 14 Legacy Only 17 paintings Notebooks Drawings of unfinished works Diverted rivers to prevent flooding Principles of turbine Cartography Submarine Flying machine Parachute And much more. Slide 15 Renaissance Man Slide 16 Ancient: Plato (daVinci) Aristotle Slide 17 Renaissance Man Renaissance period Leonardo daVinci Michelangelo and Raphael Petrarch, Erasmus, Pico della Mirandola Why were there so many Renaissance men during the Renaissance? Lack of boundaries between disciplines Knowledge was just knowledge Slide 18 "I don't buy the notion that the world is organized the way universities and companies are. Ideas don't know what discipline they're in. We might kidnap them and say, 'That's a marketing idea' or 'That's an anthropology idea.' But if you walked up to an idea on the street, it wouldn't know about that." Gerald Zaltman, Professor of Business Administration at Harvard, personal communication, October 2003. Slide 19 Leonardos Environment and Motivation Earning a living (profit) Rivalry with other artists Scientific curiosity Civic duty Slide 20 Michelangelo Buonarroti Slide 21 Early Life Born outside of Florence Apprenticed as a sculptor Master recognized his talents Slide 22 Commissions by Medici Lived in the Medici palace Studied anatomy Several pieces for the Medici tombs, etc. Slide 23 Rome Commissioned to do Piet Slide 24 Return to Florence Commissioned to do David Slide 25 David Slide 26 Return to Rome Worked on tomb for Julius II Sistine Chapel Slide 27 Slide 28 Slide 29 Moses Received funding from Pope Leo X The Moses Slide 30 St. Peters Architect for St. Peters Slide 31 Legacy Worlds greatest sculptor See the figure inside the stone and remove excess Painter Mannerism Poet Architect Engineer Slide 32 Raphael Slide 33 Early Life Born in Urbino Quick learner and hard worker Slide 34 Time in Rome Borrowed techniques from other great artists Often sketched women and children Architect for St. Peters Died at 37 and buried in Pantheon Slide 35 School of Athens Slide 36 Slide 37 Madonna of the Meadow Slide 38 Legacy of Raphael Refinement Exemplar of the Renaissance Expertise: Artist, archaeologist, writer, philosopher, teacher Slide 39 Titian and the Venetian School Characteristics: Vivid colors Dynamics and dramatic movement Sensuality Slide 40