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    SWITZERLANDSWITZERLAND

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    FACTFACT

    There are a lot of lakes inSwitzerland, the largest is Lac

    Neuchaal

    7 million people live in Switzerland

    A new president of Switzerland iselected every year.

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    The president of Switzerland for 1999was a woman and Jewish. Her name is RuthDreifuss

    There are four official languages inSwitzerland: German, French, Italian, andRomanch

    There really is no lake named: Lake Geneva.It's real name is Lake Leman.

    There are seven members of the Swiss

    Federal Council (Executive branch) who areelected for four years. A new President iselected from these seven each year

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    LANGUAGESLANGUAGES

    Switzerland has 4 official languages

    The country has a resident population of7 million inhabitants,

    about 20 % of them are foreigners.

    In the west of the country people have evolved into French.

    In southern Switzerland a Italian dialect is spoken,

    In Parliament speakers are free to use their native tongue.

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    TRADITIONS & CUSTOMS

    The Swiss are really proud of beauty oftheir country. There is a lot of untouchednature and in general people are very

    careful with it and set an example as inprotecting the environment.

    As a result, Switzerland is far advanced inrecycling waste material.

    Chemicals, paper, carton, glass, plastic,

    cans, textile, oil and cooking fat are allcollected separately'

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    weather inweather in

    SwitzerlandSwitzerland

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    The temperatures vary a lot too. Height influences the temperaturemost

    On mountain tops it may be chilly even in summer and you mayencounter thick layers of snow. In low sunny areas, weather isunpredictable.

    Also the amount of precipitation is very variable.

    In this dry and sunny valley, grapes, apricots and grapefruits grow.

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    SWISSFESTIVALSSWISSFESTIVALS

    The Unspunnen is a celebration of Swiss folklore which takes placeapproximately once every 12 years in the town of Interlaken

    UNSPUNNEN FESTIVALS

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    STONETHROWINGSTONETHROWING

    One of the most famous traditions at the Unspunnen festival is the

    stone-throwing competition. The stone used for the main contest isvery heavy approx weighs 167 lb and must be thrown as far aspossible.

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    ALPINE WRESTLINGALPINE WRESTLING

    alpine wrestling , the contestants wear special shorts over theirtrousers.One hand grips the opponent's belt (through a hole at the back)

    and the other grips the bottom of his shorts.The aim is to throw the opponent onto his back (with both

    shoulders touching the ground), without losing the grip on hisshorts.Each bout lasts up to about 10 minutes. If neither succeeds duringthis time it is a draw.

    It takes place every 3 years.

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    PROCESSIONPROCESSION

    On the final day of the unspunnen Festival there is a grandprocession through the streets of Interlaken, ending at the green inthe centre known as Hohematte. Groups from all of the different

    cantons of Switzerland take part, portraying the traditions andcharacteristics of their regions

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    DEPENDENCE ON TRADE

    Small size of domestic market

    Imports bulky raw materials

    Exports high quality goods

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    RESEARCH AND

    DEVELOPMENT

    Well trained workers

    Niche strategy

    2.9% of GNP spent on research

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    Changed at the end of 20th century

    Jobs fell by 25%

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    Chemical ,Health and Pharmaceuticals Musical Instuments

    Banking And Insurance

    Tourism

    IMPORTANT INDUSTRIES :

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    GUITAR MEDICAL PILLS

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    TOURISM MARK BANKING SECURITY

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    3.8 Million People Work

    Flexible Job Market

    Unemployment Rate low

    Private Sector Economy

    Low Tax Rate

    16th Rank

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    2/3 and live inurban areas.

    In Just 70 Years

    Dense Network OFCities

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    No Official State Religion

    Catholic Church

    Swiss Reformed Church Christianity

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    Right to Free Expression

    MMMMRRRRRRight To Free Expression

    Swiss s news agency

    Greatest number of newspaper titlesGreater number of newspapertitles.

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    Swiss Culture

    Switzerland boasts a thriving arts scene,with its architects in particular achieving

    world-wide acclaim. The culture of Switzerland ischaracterized by diversity.The Swiss sometimes wonder what keeps

    Switzerland together.

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    Architecture

    y CONTEMPORARY SWISS ARCHITECTS:Innovative Swiss-designed structures can beseen in many countries.

    The sleek Charles River Bridge in the US city ofBoston.

    y FOREIGN ARCHITECTS IN SWITZERLAND:

    A number of prominent buildings in

    Switzerland have been designed by foreignarchitects.

    They include the Paul Klee Zentrum in Bern(opened 2005)

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    Art

    PAINTING AND

    SCULPTURE: In the 1950s,Swiss artist Max Billdeveloped and popularized

    the style "Concrete Art" (as

    opposed to "abstract").

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    Film Industry

    y FILM: Switzerland does not have a large film industry, and, likeother small European countries, is heavily dependent on statesupport.

    yFILM FESTIVALS: Switzerland is the venue for one of themajor international film festivals,

    held every August in the southern Italian-speaking townLocarno.

    The main prize is the Golden Leopard

    y LOCATIONS: Switzerland is also a popular location for filmmakers from elsewhere.

    The Indian film Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge, was made almost

    entirely in Switzerland.

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    Music

    FOLK MUSIC:Yodelling and the alphorn arelikely to spring to mind at the mention of musicin Switzerland, although neither is exclusively

    Swiss. CLASSICAL MUSIC: Until the 17th century, the

    only real musical tradition was church music

    A choral tradition developed later

    ROCK, POP AND JAZZ: Switzerland has a livelymusic scene

    It is home to musicians of many different genres.

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    Seasonal Customs

    y Advent andChristmas

    y WinterCustoms

    y Carnival

    y Mask traditionsy Easter

    y Spring festivals

    y Summer's end

    y

    Autumn festivalsy Wine festivals

    y Remembering history

    y National Day

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    Swissness

    y MOUNTAINS AND HEDGEHOGS: Switzerland'smountains have played an essential role in shaping thehistory of the country

    and the attitudes of the Swiss people.

    y THE SWISS FLAG: Before the 19th century, the Swiss didnot have a common flag.

    When they fought in battle, soldiers carried the colors oftheir canton.

    y NATIONAL ANTHEM: The Swiss, however, believe intaking things at a more leisurely pace.The current anthem was composed in 1841,

    but it took another 140 years for it to be officially adopted.

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    y ARCHITECTS: St Petersburg is justly famous for itsimposing architecture,

    the magnificent buildings stretching along the river Neva.

    ySCHOLARS AND SCIENTISTS: Among the first Swiss to

    arrive in the imperial city were scholars invited to take uppositions at the Academy of Science.

    y ARTISTS: The new Russian capital soon attracted artistsfrom all over Europe, including some from Switzerland.

    Their works includes Fine Arts, Jewellers andphotography.

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    Swiss Sports

    y FOOTBALL: Switzerland can look backproudly on its long footballing history.Footballs most important governing bodiesbased here:

    FIFA in Zurich and UEFA in Nyon.

    y THIRSTFOR ADVENTURE: Some visitorslike to try out bungee jumping,

    which entails jumping from a bridge,platform or suchlike structure, attached only

    by a rubber rope.y HIKING: Hiking is popular, especially among

    the German speaking Swiss, and amongolder people.

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    yWATER SPORTS: The shores of many ofSwitzerland's lakes fill up with bathers and

    sun-worshippers on warm summer days.yWINTER SPORTS: People living in

    Switzerland don't have far to travel to o