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Design for Engineering Unit #1 Introduction to the Engineering Profession Annette Beattie April 10, 2006 Engineering. ETP 2006 – Annette Beattie - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Design for EngineeringUnit #1 Introduction to the Engineering ProfessionAnnette BeattieApril 10, 2006Engineering

    ETP 2006 Annette BeattieThis material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 0402616. Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the National Science Foundation (NSF).

  • Engineering DefinitionsProblem solvingThe profession in which knowledge of the mathematical and natural sciences gained by study, experience, and practice is applied with judgment to develop ways to economically utilize the materials and the forces of nature for the benefit of mankind. (OSU, n.d.)

  • What does it take?Drive & perseverance!How do you get those?Have to be willing to make the effort.Dont let anything stand in your way.Know what youre getting into.Engineers have in common the desire to make the world a better place.(VCSU, 2006)

  • The First EngineerImhotepDesigned the pyramid near Memphis, Egypt around 2550 BC. (BBC, n.d.)

  • ImhotepHe set a precedent by including temples, pavilions, corridors, chapels and halls within the closed walls.He was a commoner by birth.Which means he did not have a formal education (that was only for the rich).At that time engineers learned the trade through the apprenticeship system. (BBC, n.d.)

  • ImhotepHe became one of the kings most trusted advisors.His reputation lives on still today in many fictional stories such as:The Mummy &The Mummy Returns(BBC, n.d.)

  • Engineering SchoolSince the industrial revolution began in England about 1750, most would think the study of engineering began there, too.But military engineering was taught in France in the 1600s.The Corps des Ponts et Chaussees was the first engineering school in the world. Opened in France in 1747. (VCSU, 2006)

  • American EngineeringDuring the Revolution, the need for military and civil engineers became great.George Washington, whose background was in civil engineering, called for the formation of engineering schools. (VCSU, 2006)

  • American EngineeringWest Point included an engineering school in the 1780s.Before the Civil War, land expansion and the growth of railroads fueled the need for engineers.(VCSU, 2006)

  • American EngineeringFrom the Civil War to 1900 there were two major influences affecting engineering. The continued economic boomMorrill Land Grant Act of 1862 - Pres. Lincoln This provided public land to have a college in each state.Specified a practical education to the masses, which lead to engineering schools. (VCSU, 2006)NDSU, known for its engineering program, was established through this act in 1891. (NDSU, n.d.)

  • American EngineeringThe 1900s The automobile & two world wars demanded large numbers of engineers.America was cut off from Europes scientific knowledge because of WW II.This exposed a weakness in science and engineering education.(VCSU, 2006)

  • American Engineering1958 - National Defense Education Act This was set up to stimulate the advancement of education in math and sciences and other fields. It established a student loan program for colleges. (Encyclopedia.com, n.d.)

  • American Engineering1963 Vocational Education Act Funding for vocational education was greatly increased.Also provided work study programs.These 2 acts greatly increased the number of people that could enroll in an engineering study. (VCSU, 2005/2006)

  • American EngineeringWhat else happened to increase Americas engineers?Hitlers Holocaust drove the best of the scientists and engineers out of Europe and to America.Freedom and opportunity sealed the deal. They stayed and helped America become a super power.(VCSU, 2005/2006)

  • American EngineeringAmerica also captured Germanys best scientists and engineers in the field of rocketry and brought them to America during WW II.America didnt use them right away, but it kept Russia from having access to their knowledge.However, while America was falling in love with the field of aviation, Russia put a satellite into orbit. (The Sputnik Crisis) (VCSU, 2005/2006)

  • American EngineeringAmerica quickly created NASA in 1958. The U.S. also put a man on the moon before Russia in 1969.John F. Kennedy closed the missile gap by deploying 1000 Minuteman missiles - far more than Russia had. (VCSU, 2005/2006)

  • American EngineeringAmerica has prospered on the educational investments made in the 60s.Can we sit back and relax?Hardly, the scientists, engineers and teachers (baby boomers) we educated in the 60s are now about to retire. (VCSU, 2005/2006)

  • American EngineeringFor America to secure its superpower position, we need more engineers!America produces 70,000 engineers/yrIndia produces 350,000China produces 600,000 (VCSU, 2005/2006)

  • Why study engineering?Job satisfaction The No. 1 cause of unhappiness is job dissatisfaction. Important to find a career you enjoy.Variety of career opportunitiesNeil Armstrong, Jimmy Carter, and Alfred Hitchcock all started with an engineering education. (ASEE, 2004)

  • Why study engineering?Challenging workProblems will be open-endedNo single answerNo answer in the back of the bookNo teacher to tell you that you are right or wrongYou find a solution and persuade others that yours is the best one (ASEE, 2004)

  • Why study engineering?Intellectual developmentAn engineering education will develop your ability to think logically and to solve problems

    Benefit societyYou can choose projects that benefit societyCleaning the environmentDeveloping prosthetic aids for disabled personsFinding new sources of energy (ASEE, 2004)

  • Why study engineering?Financial securityThis should not be your only reason for choosing a career in engineering However, you will be well paid Engineering graduates receive the highest starting salary of any discipline (ASEE, 2004)

  • Why study engineering?PrestigeEngineers greatly help sustain our nation's international competitivenessmaintain our standard of livingensure a strong national security protect public safetyPeople know that engineering requires hard work and strong technical skills. As a member of this profession, you will receive a high amount of prestige. (ASEE, 2004)

  • Why study engineering?Professional environmentYou will work in a professional environment in which you will be treated with respect and have some freedom in choosing your work.

    Creative thinkingWe are in a time of rapid social and technological changes, therefore, the need for engineers to think creatively is greater than ever before. (ASEE, 2004)

  • Why study engineering?Technological and scientific discoveryDo you know why golf balls have dimples? When you drive on a mountain road, do you look at the guard rails and understand why they were designed the way they are? Do you know why split-level houses experience more damage in earthquakes? An engineering education can help you understand how many things in the world work. (ASEE, 2004)

  • ENGINEERING IS EVERYWHEREEngineering gives shape to our world We all know cars, computers, airplanes, and bridges are all products of imaginative engineering But did you know bubble gum, baseball bats, movie special effects, roller coasters, and synthetic human tissue replacements are also engineering products? (ASEE, 2004)

  • ENGINEERING IS EVERYWHEREEngineers design, create, or modify nearly everything we touch, wear, eat, see, and hear in our daily lives. Their innovations and inventions fuel economic growth, fortify national security, improve healthcare, and safeguard the environment. (ASEE, 2004)

  • SourcesASEE. (2004). The top 10 benefits of an engineering career. Retrieved April 15, 2006 from the website: http://www.engineeringk12.orgBBC. (n.d.). Imhotep (fl. 2667-2648 BC). Retrieved April 15, 2006 from the website: http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/imhotep.shtmlEncyclopedia.com. (n.d.). National defense education act. Retrieved April 15, 2006 from the website: http://www.encyclopedia.com/html/N/NatlD1efe.aspNorth Dakota State University. (n.d.). Retrieved April 15, 2006 from the website: http://www.ndsu.nodak.eduOhio State University. (n.d.). Retrieved April 15, 2006, from Ohio state University website: http://www.matsceng.ohio-state.edu/about/Valley City State University. (2005/2006). Technology education 675 research and assessment in technology education unit 1 reading assignment realizing excellence. Retrieved April 15, 2006 from the website: http://www.vcsu.edu Valley City State University. (2006). Technology education 660 design for engineering unit 1 reading assignment. Retrieved April 15, 2006 from the website: http://www.vcsu.edu

  • StandardsStandard 1: Students will develop an understanding of the characteristics and scope of technologyK. The rate of technological development and diffusion is increasing rapidly.Standard 7: Students will develop an understanding of the influence of technology on historyH. The evolution of civilization has been directly affected by, and has in turn affected, the development and use of tools and materials.I. Throughout history, technology has been a powerful force in reshaping the social, cultural, political and economic landscape.N. The industrial revolution saw the development of continuous manufacturing, sophisticated transportation and communication practices and improved education and leisure time.